World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

30th Army (Soviet Union)

Article Id: WHEBN0024179469
Reproduction Date:

Title: 30th Army (Soviet Union)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1941 in aviation, List of Soviet armies, Battles of Rzhev, Reserve Front, Kalinin Front, Vladimir Kolpakchi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

30th Army (Soviet Union)

The 30th Army was a Soviet field army of the Red Army active from 1941.

History

It was formed on 13 July 1941 based on 52nd Rifle Corps as a Stavka Reserve. In the beginning the army included the 119th Rifle Division, the 242nd Rifle Division, the 243rd NKVD Rifle Division, the 251st NKVD Rifle Division, the 51st Tank Division, artillery and other units. The army was built around a solid core of NKVD border guard servicemen.[1] The army's first commander Maj-Gen Khomenko was the former commander of the Ukrainian District of NKVD Border Guards.[2]

On 15 July 1941 the army was transferred to the Front of the Reserve Armies and conducted defensive works on the defensive line running through Selizharovo-Olenino-Wasiliewo.

From the end of June to August 1941 the army was part of the Western Front (from 21 July) and took part in the Battle of Smolensk (10 July-10 September). During battle army's forces striked at Dukhovszczina from the region south-west of Bielyj. Army attacking on flanks of the German Ninth Army stopped and sapped the strength of the enemy forces.
In September–October army conducted defensive operations in region south-west of Bielyj on Rzhev direction.

On 17 October 1941 army was included into Kalinin Front and took part in Kalinin Defensive Operation (5 December 1941-7 January 1942).

On 18 November army was again included into Western Front. As its army fought in the Klin-Solnecznogorsk Defensive Operation (15 November-5 December) and from 6 December on in the Klin-Solnecznogorsk Offensive Operation (6–25 December). During the operation 30th Army together with 1st Shock Army liberated Klin (15 December)and destroyed large German units. As a part of Kalinin Front (from 17 December 1941) during January–April 1942 army participated in Rzhev-Vyazma Strategic Operation (8 January-20 April) In the end of operation army troops reached nearly to Rzhev and went on to the defence.

On 1 March 1942 the army consisted of the 174th, 178th, 243rd, 348th, 359th, 363rd, 371st, 375th, and 379th Rifle Divisions, and the 75, 76, 139, 145, 146, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, and 222nd Separate Ski Brigades.[3]

Later (from 31 August included into Western Front) until the end of 1942 army defended and strengthened its position going from time to time on the offensive.

On March 1943 troops of the army participated in the Rzhev-Vyazma Operation (2–31 March) during which course it liberated Rzhev and on 1 April reached the line Nefedovschina-Pantiukchy where it stopped and dug into defensive positions.
On 1 May Army was reformed into 10th Guards Army
Army Commanders:
General Major of NKVD Khomenko W.A. (July–November 1941 )
General Major Lelyschenko D. D. (November 1941-November 1942)
General Major from February 1943 General Lieutanant Kolpakchi W.Ia (November 1942-April 1943)
Members of the Army's Military Soviet:
Brigade Commissar Abramov N.W. (June 1941-February 1942)
General Major Doronin Ja. A. (February 1942 -April 1943
Chiefs Of Staff
Lieutanant Colonel Baderko A.G. (June–August 1941
Colonel Winogradov A.I. (August–November 1941)
General Major of the Artillery Khetagurov G.I. (November 1941-December 1942)
Colonel from February 1943 General Major Sosedov L.B (December 1942-April !943.
[4]

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.