World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

473d Fighter Group

Article Id: WHEBN0022904485
Reproduction Date:

Title: 473d Fighter Group  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Los Angeles Air Defense Region, 37th Air Division, 56th Operations Group, 81st Fighter-Bomber Group, 478th Aeronautical Systems Wing
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

473d Fighter Group

473d Fighter Group
62d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron F-101B Voodoo 57-0386 at K.I. Sawyer AFB
Active 1942-1944; 1956-1959
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Role Air Defense
Part of Air Defense Command

The 473d Fighter Group is an inactive United States Air Force (USAF) unit. Its last assignment was with the 30th Air Division at K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan, where it was inactivated on 30 September 1959.

During Army Air Forces into base units to make more efficient use of manpower.

The group was reactivated as the 473d Fighter Group (Air Defense) in the spring of 1956 during the Cold War under Air Defense Command. The group opened K.I. Sawyer for use by the USAF, and after 1959 was responsible for air defense in the upper midwestern United States. Its mission, personnel and equipment were transferred to the 56th Fighter Group (Air Defense) in 1959 and the group was inactivated.


World War II

The 473d Fighter Group was activated at Grand Central Air Terminal, California in late 1943.[1] It was originally assigned the 482d,[2] 483d[3] and 484th Fighter Squadrons.[4] A month later the 451st Fighter Squadron was activated and assigned to the group.[5] The group was a Replacement Training Unit equipped primarily with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings,[1] but its squadrons flew a variety of aircraft.[2][3][4][5] Replacement training units were oversized units which trained aircrews prior to their deployment to combat theaters.[6]

However, at the time the 473d was being organized, the [7] In the final days of March 1944, the group and three of its squadrons moved to Ephrata Army Air Base, Washington, while the 482d squadron moved to Moses Lake Army Air Field, Washington. The group and squadrons acting as RTUs were then disbanded.[8] The units at Ephrata were combined into the 430th AAF Base Unit (Fighter Replacement Training Unit-Single Engine).[9] The 482d formed the basis for the 431st AAF Base Unit.[10]

Air Defense in the 1950s

The group was reactivated in April 1956[1] during the [12][13][14][15][16] In July, the 4710th wing was discontinued and the group was assigned directly to the 37th Air Division. The operational squadron assigned to the group was the 484th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which was authorized Northrop F-89 Scorpion aircraft. However, these aircraft were not delivered before the squadron was inactivated in February 1959 and the squadron did not become operational.[4] In fact, it was 1959 before the K.I. Sawyer runway was completed and ready to accept modern aircraft.[12]

In August 1958, the group became host to a Strategic Air Command wing, the 4042d Strategic Wing. Although the 4042d was initially activated as a headquarters only, it would be the framework for a forward based Boeing B-52 Stratofortress equipped bombardment wing.[12] The following August, the 62d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron moved to K.I. Sawyer, was attached to the wing, and equipped with McDonnell F-101 Voodoos.[17] The squadron had moved from O'Hare International Airport, where there was local resistance to maintaining a regular USAF presence at one of the world's busiest civilian airports. Security for the Voodoo's nuclear armed GAR-1 Genie at a civilian location was also a concern. Two months after the arrival of the 62d, its parent group, the 56th Fighter Group and its support units moved on paper from O'Hare to K.I. Sawyer and assumed the mission, personnel and equipment of the 473d, which was inactivated.[18]


  • Constituted as the 473d Fighter Group on 12 October 1943
Activated on 1 November 1943
Disbanded on 31 March 1944
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 473d Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 8 July 1955
Activated on 8 April 1956
Inactivated on 30 September 1959
  • Redesignated 473d Tactical Fighter Group on 31 July 1985[19]




  • Grand Central Air Terminal, California, 1 November 1943
  • Ephrata Army Air Base, Washington, 28 March 1944 - 31 March 1944
  • K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, Michigan, 8 April 1956 - 1 October 1959


See also



  1. ^ a b c Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 345–356.  
  2. ^ a b c Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 580.  
  3. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 581
  4. ^ a b c d Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 582
  5. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 557
  6. ^ Craven, Wesley F & Cate, James L, ed. (1955). "Introduction". The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. p. xxxvi.  
  7. ^ Craven & Cate, The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF p. 75
  8. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, p. 7
  9. ^ "Abstract, History Ephrata Army Air Base Apr-Jul 1944". Air Force History Index. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Abstract, History Moses Lake Army Air Base Sep 1944". Air Force History Index. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 80. 
  12. ^ a b c d See Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 296.  
  13. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 140
  14. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 146
  15. ^ a b "Abstract, History 473 USAF Infirmary Apr-Jun 1956". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  16. ^ a b "Abstract, History 473 USAF Dispensary Jul-Dec 1957". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  17. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 239-240
  18. ^ Robertson, Patsy (2009-05-18). "Factsheet 56 Operations Group (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  19. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 648q, 31 July 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
  20. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 426-427


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.