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55th United States Congress


55th United States Congress

55th United States Congress
54th ← → 56th

United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1897 – March 4, 1899

Senate President: Garret Hobart
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: Thomas B. Reed
Members: 90 Senators
357 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Special: March 4, 1897 – March 10, 1897
1st: March 15, 1897 – July 24, 1897
2nd: December 6, 1897 – July 8, 1898
3rd: December 5, 1898 – March 3, 1899

The Fifty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the North Carolina.


  • Major events 1
  • Major legislation 2
  • Treaties ratified 3
  • Party summary 4
    • Senate 4.1
    • House of Representatives 4.2
  • Leadership 5
    • Senate 5.1
    • House of Representatives 5.2
  • Members 6
    • Senate 6.1

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties ratified

Senate composition, by party:
  One Democratic, one Republican
  Silver Republican

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


House of Representatives


President of the Senate
Garret Hobart
Speaker of the House
Thomas Brackett Reed


House of Representatives


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.
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