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84th United States Congress

84th United States Congress
83rd ← → 85th

United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1957

Senate President: Richard Nixon (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Walter F. George (D)
House Speaker: Sam Rayburn (D)
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

1st: January 5, 1955 – August 2, 1955
2nd: January 3, 1956 – July 27, 1956

The Eighty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1955 to January 3, 1957, during the third and fourth years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


  • Major events 1
  • Major legislation 2
  • Party summary 3
    • Senate 3.1
    • House of Representatives 3.2
  • Leadership 4
    • Senate 4.1
      • Majority (Democratic) leadership 4.1.1
      • Minority (Republican) leadership 4.1.2
    • House of Representatives 4.2

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.



House of Representatives

TOTAL: 435



Senate President
Richard Nixon (R)
Senate President pro tempore
Walter F. George (D)

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House
Sam Rayburn (D)
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