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88th United States Congress

88th United States Congress
87th ← → 89th

United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965

Senate President: Lyndon B. Johnson (until Nov 22, 1963)
Vacant (from Nov 22, 1963)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Carl Hayden
House Speaker: John W. McCormack
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 9, 1963 – December 30, 1963
2nd: January 7, 1964 – October 3, 1964

The Eighty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1963 to January 3, 1965, during the last year of the administration of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and the first administration of his successor, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960, and the number of members was again 435 (had temporarily been 437 in order to seat one member each from recently admitted states of Alaska and Hawaii). Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

First page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Johnson signs the Wilderness Act of 1964

Party summary

Composition of the Senate at the start of the 88th Congress
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  ≤ 60% Democratic
  ≤ 60% Republican

Senate

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 62 37 99 1
Begin 65 34 99 1
End 35 100 0
Final voting share 65.0% 35.0%
Beginning of the next congress 68 32 100 0

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 262 172 434 3
Begin 258 176 434 1
End 255 177 432 3
Final voting share 59.0% 41.0%
Beginning of the next congress 295 140 435 0

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Senators are ordered first by state, and then by seniority. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Oklahoma
(2)
Vacant Appointed to fill vacancy due to death of Sen. Robert S. Kerr in previous congress J. Howard Edmondson (D) January 7, 1963
Wisconsin
(3)
Vacant Delayed taking oath of office in order to finish term as Governor of Wisconsin Gaylord Nelson (D) January 8, 1963
Tennessee
(2)
Estes Kefauver (D) Died August 10, 1963 Herbert S. Walters (D) August 20, 1963
California
(1)
Clair Engle (D) Died July 30, 1964 Pierre Salinger (D) August 4, 1964
South Carolina
(2)
Strom Thurmond (D) Changed political parties Strom Thurmond (R) September 16, 1964
New Mexico
(1)
Edwin L. Mechem (R) Resigned November 3, 1964 Joseph Montoya (D) November 4, 1964
Oklahoma
(2)
J. Howard Edmondson (D) Successor elected November 3, 1964 Fred R. Harris (D) November 4, 1964
Tennessee
(2)
Herbert S. Walters (D) Successor elected November 3, 1964 Ross Bass (D) November 4, 1964
Minnesota
(2)
Hubert Humphrey (DFL) Resigned December 29, 1964 after being elected Vice President of the United States Walter Mondale (DFL) December 30, 1964
California
(1)
Pierre Salinger (D) Successor elected. Resigned December 31, 1964 George Murphy (R) January 1, 1965

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
California 1st Vacant Rep. Clement W. Miller died during previous congress Donald H. Clausen (R) January 22, 1963
California 23rd Clyde Doyle (D) Died March 14, 1963 Del M. Clawson (R) June 11, 1963
Pennsylvania 15th Francis E. Walter (D) Died May 31, 1963 Fred B. Rooney (D) July 30, 1963
North Dakota 1st Hjalmar C. Nygaard (R) Died July 18, 1963 Mark Andrews (R) October 22, 1963
Pennsylvania 23rd Leon H. Gavin (R) Died September 15, 1963 Albert W. Johnson (R) November 3, 1963
Texas 10th Homer Thornberry (D) Resigned December 20, 1963 after being appointed as a judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas J. J. Pickle (D) December 21, 1963
Pennsylvania 5th William J. Green, Jr. (D) Died December 21, 1963 William J. Green, III (D) April 28, 1964
California 5th John Shelley (D) Resigned January 7, 1964 after being elected Mayor of San Francisco Phillip Burton (D) February 18, 1964
Tennessee 2nd Howard Baker, Sr. (R) Died January 7, 1964 Irene Baker (R) March 10, 1964
Illinois 6th Thomas J. O'Brien (D) Died April 14, 1964 Vacant Not filled this term
South Carolina 5th Robert W. Hemphill (D) Resigned May 1, 1964 after being appointed judge of the US District Court for the Eastern and Western Districts of SC Thomas S. Gettys (D) November 3, 1964
Missouri 9th Clarence Cannon (D) Died May 12, 1964 William L. Hungate (D) November 3, 1964
Michigan 12th John B. Bennett (R) Died August 9, 1964 Vacant Not filled this term
Oregon 1st A. Walter Norblad (R) Died September 20, 1964 Wendell Wyatt (R) November 3, 1964
New Mexico At-large Joseph Montoya (D) Resigned November 3, 1964 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Tennessee 6th Ross Bass (D) Resigned November 3, 1964 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois 9th Edward R. Finnegan (D) Resigned December 6, 1964 after being appointed judge for the Circuit Court of Cook County Vacant Not filled this term

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ Loevy, Robert D. (1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964: the passage of the law that ended racial segregation. SUNY Press. pp. 358, 360. 
  2. ^ "Civil Rights Filibuster Ended". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Major Features of the Civil Rights Act of 1964". CongressLink. The Dirksen Congressional Center. 

External links

  • U.S. Senate history
  • Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present
  • Eighty-Eighth Congress, Pocket Congressional Directory.  
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