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8th United States Congress

 

8th United States Congress

United States Capitol with "Brick Oven"

The Eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1803 to March 4, 1805, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

Treaties

  • October 20, 1803: Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase Treaty

States admitted and territories organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

House of Representatives

Following the 1800 census, the size of the House was increased to 142 seats from 108.

Leadership

President of the Senate
Aaron Burr

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1804; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1806.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

|- | Ohio
(1) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Failure to elect | style="background:#AACC99" | John Smith (DR) | Seated April 1, 1803 |- | Ohio
(3) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Failure to elect | style="background:#AACC99" | Thomas Worthington (DR) | Seated April 1, 1803 |- | New Jersey
(1) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Failure to elect | style="background:#AACC99" | John Condit (DR) | Seated September 1, 1803 |- | Virginia
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | Stevens T. Mason (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 10, 1803 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Taylor (DR) | Appointed June 4, 1803 |- | New York
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | DeWitt Clinton (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 4, 1803 to become Mayor of New York City | style="background:#AACC99" | John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) | Appointed December 7, 1803 |- | Virginia
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | John Taylor (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected December 7, 1803 | style="background:#AACC99" | Abraham B. Venable (DR) | Elected December 7, 1803 |- | New York
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | Theodorus Bailey (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 16, 1804 to become Postmaster of New York City | style="background:#AACC99" | John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) | Seated February 25, 1804 |- | New York
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected February 23, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Smith (DR) | Elected February 23, 1804 |- | Virginia
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 22, 1804 to become Collector of Port of Norfolk | style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Moore (DR) | Appointed August 11, 1804 |- | Virginia
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | Abraham B. Venable (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 7, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | William B. Giles (DR) | Appointed August 11, 1804 |- | New York
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 30, 1804 after being appointed Minister to France | style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel Latham Mitchill (DR) | Seated November 23, 1804 |- | Rhode Island
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel J. Potter (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 14, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Benjamin Howland (DR) | Seated October 29, 1804 |- | Delaware
(2) | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | William H. Wells (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 6, 1804 | style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | James A. Bayard (F) | Seated November 13, 1804 |- | South Carolina
(3) | style="background:#AACC99" | Pierce Butler (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 21, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Gaillard (DR) | Seated December 6, 1804 |- | Virginia
(1) | style="background:#AACC99" | William B. Giles (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected December 4, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Moore (DR) | Elected December 4, 1804 |- | Virginia
(2) | style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Moore (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Successor elected December 4, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | William B. Giles (DR) | Elected December 4, 1804 |}

House of Representatives


|- | New York
7th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | John Cantine (DR) was elected, but resigned before the Congress began. | style="background:#AACC99" | Josiah Hasbrouck (DR) | October 17, 1803 |- | New York
6th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Isaac Bloom (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 26, 1803 | style="background:#AACC99" | Daniel C. Verplanck (DR) | October 17, 1803 |- | New York
1st
| style="background:#AACC99" | John Smith (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 23, 1804 after being elected to US Senate | style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel Riker (DR) | November 5, 1804 |- | Virginia
5th
| style="background-color:#E6E6AA" | Thomas Lewis, Jr. (F) | style="font-size:80%" | Lost contested election March 5, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Moore (DR) | March 5, 1804 |- | Maryland
4th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Daniel Hiester (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died March 7, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Roger Nelson (DR) | November 6, 1804 |- | Virginia
13th
| style="background:#AACC99" | John J. Trigg (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 17, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Christopher H. Clark (DR) | November 5, 1804 |- | Massachusetts
12th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Thomson J. Skinner (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned August 10, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | Simon Larned (DR) | November 5, 1804 |- | Virginia
5th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Andrew Moore (DR) | style="font-size:80%" |Resigned August 11, 1804 after being appointed to US Senate | style="background:#AACC99" | Alexander Wilson (DR) | December 4, 1804 |- | Pennsylvania
10th
| style="background:#AACC99" | William Hoge (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 15, 1804 | style="background:#AACC99" | John Hoge (DR) | November 2, 1804 |- | New York
3rd
| style="background:#AACC99" | North Carolina
5th
| style="background:#AACC99" | Georgia
At-large
| style="background:#AACC99" | Samuel Hammond (DR) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 2, 1805 after becoming Civil and Military Governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory | Vacant | Not filled for remainder of term |}

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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