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97th Congress

97th United States Congress
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983

Senate President: Walter Mondale (D)
until Jan. 20, 1981
George Bush (R)
from Jan. 20, 1981
Senate Pres. pro tem: Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker: Tip O'Neill (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 5, 1981 – December 16, 1981
2nd: January 25, 1982 – December 23, 1982
<96th 98th>

The Ninety-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1981 to January 3, 1983, during the final weeks of Jimmy Carter's presidency and the first two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. The House of Representatives had a Democratic majority. The Republicans gained control of the Senate, the first time that Republicans gained control of any chamber of Congress since 1953.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

  • August 13, 1981 – 172
  • August 13, 1981 – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, 357
  • September 3, 1982 – 324
  • September 8, 1982 - Uniformed Services Former Spouses Protection Act USFSPA, Template:USPL 97, Template:USStat 96
  • September 20, 1982 – Bus Regulatory Reform Act, 1102
  • October 13, 1982 – 1322
  • October 15, 1982 – 1469
  • January 6, 1983 – 2140
  • January 7, 1983 – 2201

Constitutional amendments

Special or select committees

  • Senate Select Committee on Small Business — Became a standing committee on March 25, 1981
  • Senate Select Committee on Law Enforcement Undercover Activities of the Justice Department — March 24, 1982 - December 15, 1982

Party summary

Senate

Affiliation Members
  Republican Party 53
  Democratic Party 46
  Independent 1
Total 100

House of Representatives

Affiliation Members Voting
share
  Democratic Party 244 56.1%
  Republican Party 191 43.9%
Total 435

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership


House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by their districts.

Changes in membership

Senate

There were 2 resignations.

Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate

|- | nowrap | New Jersey
(Class 1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Harrison A. Williams
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 11, 1982 before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation. His successor was appointed to complete the term. | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Nicholas F. Brady
(R) | April 27, 1982 |- | nowrap | New Jersey
(Class 1) | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Nicholas F. Brady
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 27, 1982 so his elected successor could be appointed for preferential seniority. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Frank Lautenberg
(D) | December 27, 1982 |}

House of Representatives

There were 4 deaths, 4 resignations, one declared vacancy, and one party change.

Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep

|- | Michigan 4th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | David Stockman (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 27, 1981 after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Mark D. Siljander (R) | April 21, 1981 |- | Maryland 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Gladys Spellman (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Incapacitated since last Congress and seat declared vacant February 24, 1981 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Steny H. Hoyer (D) | May 19, 1981 |- | Ohio 4th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Tennyson Guyer (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 12, 1981 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Mike Oxley (R) | June 25, 1981 |- | Mississippi 4th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Jon Hinson (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 13, 1981 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Wayne Dowdy (D) | July 7, 1981 |- | Pennsylvania 3rd | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Raymond F. Lederer (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 29, 1981, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Joseph F. Smith (D) | July 21, 1981 |- | Connecticut 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | William R. Cotter (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 7, 1981 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Barbara B. Kennelly (D) | January 12, 1982 |- | Pennsylvania 25th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Eugene Atkinson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Changed parties October 14, 1981 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Eugene Atkinson (R) | October 14, 1981 |- | California 30th | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | George E. Danielson (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 9, 1982 after being appointed associate justice of the California Courts of Appeal | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Matthew G. Martínez (D) | July 13, 1982 |- | Ohio 17th | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | John M. Ashbrook (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 24, 1982 | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Jean Spencer Ashbrook (R) | June 29, 1982 |- | Indiana 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Adam Benjamin, Jr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 7, 1982 | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Katie B. Hall (D) | November 2, 1982 |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

References

External links

  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: Congressional History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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