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Title: Atf5  
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Subject: BZIP domain, NeuroD, EMX homeogene, Transcription factors, NOBOX
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Activating transcription factor 5
Symbols  ; ATFX; HMFN0395
External IDs GeneCards:
RNA expression pattern
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Activating transcription factor 5, also known as ATF5, is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the ATF5 gene.[1]


First described by Nishizawa and Nagata,[2] ATF5 has been classified as a member of the activating transcription factor (ATF)/cAMP response-element binding protein (CREB) family.[3][4]

ATF5 transcripts and protein are expressed in a wide variety of tissues, in particular, high expression of transcripts in liver. It is also present in a variety of tumor cell types.

ATF5 expression is regulated at both the transcriptional and translational level.

ATF5 is expressed in VZ and SVZ during brain development.

The human ATF5 protein is made up of 282 amino acids.

ATF5 is a transcription factor that contains a bZip domain.

See also


ATF5 has been shown to interact with DISC1[5] and TRIB3.[6]


  1. ^ "Entrez Gene: ATF5 activating transcription factor 5". 
  2. ^ Pati D, Meistrich ML, Plon SE (July 1999). "Human Cdc34 and Rad6B ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes target repressors of cyclic AMP-induced transcription for proteolysis". Mol. Cell. Biol. 19 (7): 5001–13.  
  3. ^ Hai T, Hartman MG (July 2001). "The molecular biology and nomenclature of the activating transcription factor/cAMP responsive element binding family of transcription factors: activating transcription factor proteins and homeostasis". Gene 273 (1): 1–11.  
  4. ^ Vinson C, Myakishev M, Acharya A, Mir AA, Moll JR, Bonovich M (September 2002). "Classification of human B-ZIP proteins based on dimerization properties". Mol. Cell. Biol. 22 (18): 6321–6335.  
  5. ^ Morris, Jill A; Kandpal Geeta; Ma Lei; Austin Christopher P (Jul 2003). "DISC1 (Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia 1) is a centrosome-associated protein that interacts with MAP1A, MIPT3, ATF4/5 and NUDEL: regulation and loss of interaction with mutation". Hum. Mol. Genet. (England) 12 (13): 1591–1608.  
  6. ^ Zhou, Ying; Li Lu; Liu Qiongming; Xing Guichun; Kuai Xuezhang; Sun Jing; Yin Xiushan; Wang Jian; Zhang Lingqiang; He Fuchu (May 2008). "E3 ubiquitin ligase SIAH1 mediates ubiquitination and degradation of TRB3". Cell. Signal. (England) 20 (5): 942–948.  

Further reading

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