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Abulfaz Elchibey

Əbülfəz Elçibəy
2nd President of Azerbaijan
In office
16 June 1992 – 1 September 1993
Prime Minister

Rahim Huseynov
Ali Masimov

Panakh Huseynov
Preceded by Isa Gambar
Succeeded by Heydar Aliyev
Personal details
Born (1938-06-07)7 June 1938
Nakhchivan ASSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Died 22 August 2000(2000-08-22) (aged 62)
Ankara, Turkey
Nationality Azerbaijani
Political party Azerbaijan Popular Front
Religion Shia Islam

Abulfaz Elchibey, (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Elçibəy; 24 June 1938, Nakhchivan – 22 August 2000, Ankara)[1] was an Azerbaijani political figure and a former Soviet dissident. His real name was Abulfaz Qadirqulu oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Əbülfəz Qədirqulu oğlu Əliyev; Russian: Абульфа́з Гадиркули́ оглы́ Али́ев), but he assumed the nickname of "Elçibəy" (Azerbaijani for the "noble messenger") upon his leadership of the Azerbaijani Popular Front in 1990. Elchibey was the second president of Azerbaijan, serving from 16 June 1992 until his overthrow in a coup d'état in June 1993.

Contents

  • Presidency 1
  • Opposition and death 2
  • References 3
  • See also 4

Presidency

Elchibey's rise to presidency came after the first round of heavy losses of Azerbaijan in the war against Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. After the Khojaly Massacre (26–27 February 1992), the fall of Shusha (8 May 1992) and Lachin (15–17 May 1992), the temporary Azerbaijani communist establishment led by Yaqub Mammadov could no longer hold power. Amidst the disorder on the frontline, former Azerbaijani president Ayaz Mutalibov's attempted comeback, two months after his resignation, in a parliamentary coup on 14 May 1992, resulted in public outrage and military overthrow of Mutalibov by the Azerbaijani Popular Front in Baku on 15 May 1992.

The Grey Wolves movement in Azerbaijan, as the Minister of Interior. Hamidov, despite his personal devotion and contributions in capturing Agdere district of Azerbaijan, proved to be generally incompetent and resigned in April 1993 after the fall of Kelbajar and having threatened Armenia with a nuclear strike.[2]

As rebellious troops were advancing onto Baku, President Elchibey invited national referendum on 29 August 1993, which formally stripped Elchibey of the presidency. In another national election, on 3 October 1993, Heydar Aliyev, 70, was elected as president of Azerbaijan with 99% of the votes. .

Opposition and death

During Aliyev's presidency, Elchibey returned to Baku in 1997 and joined the opposition as the leader of Azerbaijani Popular Front Party.

In 2000, Elchibey was diagnosed with prostate cancer and died in August of the same year in a military hospital in Ankara, Turkey. His body was flown to Baku and given the state funeral at the Alley of Honor with special attendance by then-President Heydar Aliyev.

References

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/182183/Abulfaz-Elchibey
  2. ^ (French) "Les liaisons dangereuses de la police turque", Le Monde diplomatique, March 1997
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of the Nations, World Leaders 2003, Azerbaijan

See also

Political offices
Preceded by
Isa Gambar
President of Azerbaijan
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Heydar Aliyev
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