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Adirondack (Amtrak)


Adirondack (Amtrak)

Saratoga Springs station.
Service type Inter-city rail
Predecessor Laurentian (D&H)
First service August 5, 1974
Current operator(s) Amtrak
Ridership 361 daily
132,000 total (FY12)[1]
Start New York
End Montreal, Quebec
Distance travelled 381 miles (613 km)
Average journey time 11 hours
Service frequency Daily
Train number(s) 68, 69
On-board services
Class(es) Reserved coach
Catering facilities Cafe/Lounge car
Rolling stock Amfleet coaches
Track gauge
Track owner(s) MNCR, CSXT, CP/D&H, and CN

The Adirondack is a passenger train operated daily by Amtrak between New York City and Montreal. The trip takes approximately 11 hours to cover a published distance of 381 miles (613 km), traveling through the scenic Hudson Valley and the Adirondack Mountains.[2] The Adirondack operates as train 68 towards New York, and as 69 from New York to Montreal.

The Adirondack service is financed by the New York State Department of Transportation. The Adirondack service suffers from numerous delays along the route because almost none of the trackage is owned by Amtrak, and also because the route crosses an international boundary. The on-time performance of the route averaged 62.7% for the year ending February 2009. According to Amtrak, 47.4% of the train delay was due to track- and signal-related problems, especially along the Delaware & Hudson (CP Rail) segment.[3]

During fiscal year 2012, the Adirondack carried over 132,000 passengers, a 5.3% increase over FY2011. The train had a total revenue of $6,748,333 during FY2012, an increase of 7.1% over FY2011.[1]


At the inception of Amtrak in 1971 the Delaware & Hudson operated two trains between Albany, New York and Montreal: the Montreal Limited (overnight) and the Laurentian (day). Both trains were discontinued, and for three years the D&H line saw no service. The Adirondack began running on August 5, 1974, from Grand Central Terminal in New York to Albany, then over the D&H's line to Windsor Station in Montreal. From the outset the train operated with financial support from the state of New York.[4]

Route details

The Adirondack operates over Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway, CSX Transportation, Metro-North Railroad, and Amtrak rails:

Note: From 1974 to 1986, the Adirondack used CP Rail's Windsor Station. Until the Empire Connection was built in 1991, the train serviced Grand Central Terminal instead of Penn Station in New York City.

Station stops

State/Province Town/City Station Connections/Notes
Quebec Montreal Gare Centrale AMT: Deux-Montagnes Line, Mont-Saint-Hilaire Line
STM Bus Routes: 36, 61, 74, 75, 107, 150, 168, 178, 410, 420, 430, 435, 715, 747
Montreal Metro lines: Orange Metro line
Via Rail: Montreal – Gaspé train, Corridor, Ocean, Montreal – Jonquière train, Montreal – Senneterre train
Saint-Lambert Saint-Lambert AMT: Mont-Saint-Hilaire Line
RTL: 1, 6, 55, 106
Via Rail: Corridor, Ocean, Montreal – Gaspé train
Canada – United States border
New York Rouses Point Rouses Point none
Plattsburgh Plattsburgh Clinton County Public Transit: route CCC / Shopper Shuttle, Grand Isle, Mall / Gov't Center Express Shuttle, Momot & Duken, Seton Express, North City, Saturday Shuttle, South City, West City, Ausable, Champlain / Rouses Point, Peru. All buses departed from nearby Government Center bus terminal.
Port Kent Port Kent Lake Champlain Transportation: seasonal ferry service to Burlington, Vermont. Train stops only on days ferry operates.
Westport Westport Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach: connection service to Lake Placid.
Port Henry Port Henry none
Ticonderoga Fort Ticonderoga The Ticonderoga Ferry: seasonal ferry service to Shoreham, Vermont.
Whitehall Whitehall none
Fort Edward Fort Edward-Glens Falls Amtrak: Ethan Allen Express
GGFT: 4, Train-Catcher Service
Saratoga Springs Saratoga Springs Amtrak: Ethan Allen Express
CDTA: NX Northway Xpress, 471, 472, 474
Saratoga and North Creek Railroad: Adirondack Limited, Hudson Explorer. Daily service in summer time. Friday to Sunday only in winter time.
Schenectady Schenectady Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Rensselaer Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
CDTA: NX Northway Express, 14, 15, 24. Engine Change from P32AC-DM to a P42 Diesel or vise versa
Hudson Hudson Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Maple Leaf
Rhinecliff Rhinecliff-Kingston Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Maple Leaf
Poughkeepsie Poughkeepsie Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Maple Leaf
Dutchess LOOP: A, B, C, D, E, Poughkeepsie RailLink
City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street, Shoppers' Special
UCAT Ulster-Poughkeepsie LINK
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
Croton-on-Hudson Croton–Harmon Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line: 10, 11, 14
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
Yonkers Yonkers Amtrak: Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Maple Leaf
Bee-Line: 6, 9, 25, 32, 91 (seasonal service)
Metro-North Railroad: Hudson Line
New York City Penn Station Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Keystone Service, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Northeast Regional, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
LIRR: Main Line, Port Washington Branch
NJ Transit: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line
NYC Subway: 1 2 3 A C E trains
NYC Transit buses: M4, M7, M20, M34 / M34A Select Bus Service, Q32


The Adirondack operates year-round with General Electric P42DC and P32AC-DM units and Amfleet passenger cars. A typical consist will include:

  • 1 P42DC/P32AC-DM locomotive. The P32AC-DM operates between New York and Albany; the P42DC handles the remainder.[2]
  • 1 Amfleet I cafe car[2]
  • 2 Amfleet I coach cars[2]
  • 2 Amfleet II coach cars[2]
  • 1 Full-length Dome car. (Autumn only) (Albany to Montreal Only. Dome can't fit into New York Penn Station due to tunnel height restrictions.

The Adirondack, unlike other Empire Service trains and the Maple Leaf, does not offer business class seating.[2]

Proposed high-speed line

There is a proposal for a Montreal—New York City high-speed train. On October 6, 2005, the Albany Times-Union reported that New York Governor George Pataki and Quebec Premier Jean Charest "called for the creation of high-speed rail service between Montreal and New York City as a way to boost the regional economy during the third Quebec-New York Economic Summit [on October 4]". Little progress seems to have been made since then, and the Federal Railroad Administration has instead preferred a link between Montreal and Boston, despite the fact that independent ridership analyses have suggested that the New York state route would be much more promising.[5]

See also


External links

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