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Air and Space Operations Center

 

Air and Space Operations Center

USAFCENT CAOC at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, 2009

An Air and Space Operations Center (AOC) is a type of command center used by the United States Air Force. It is the senior agency of the Air Force component commander to provide command and control of air and space operations.[1]

The U.S. Air Force employs two kinds of AOCs: regional AOCs utilizing the AN/USQ-163 Falconer weapon system that support geographic combatant commanders, and functional AOCs that support functional combatant commanders.[2] When there is more than one U.S. military service working in an AOC, such as when Naval Aviation from the U.S. Navy and/or the U.S. Marine Corps is incorporated, it is called a Joint Air and Space Operations Center (JAOC). In cases of allied or coalition (multinational) operations in tandem with USAF or Joint air and space operations, the AOC is called a Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC).[1]

An AOC is the senior element of the Theater Air Control System (TACS). The Joint Force Commander (JFC) assigns a Joint Forces Air Component Commander (JFACC) to lead the AOC weapon system. If allied or coalition forces are part of the operation, the JFC and JFACC will be redesignated as the CFC and CFACC, respectively.

Quite often the Commander, Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR) is assigned the JFACC/CFACC position for planning and executing theater-wide air and space forces. If another service also provides a significant share of air and space forces, the Deputy JFACC/CFACC will typically be a senior flag officer from that service. For example, during Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, when USAF combat air forces (CAF) and mobility air forces (MAF) were integrated with extensive USN and USMC sea-based and land-based aviation and Royal Air Force and Royal Navy / Fleet Air Arm aviation, the CFACC was an aeronautically rated USAF lieutenant general, assisted by an aeronautically designated USN rear admiral (upper half) as the Deputy CFACC, and an aeronautically rated RAF air commodore as the Senior British Officer (Air).

Contents

  • Divisions 1
    • Strategy Division (SRD) 1.1
    • Combat Plans Division (CPD) 1.2
    • Combat Operations Division (COD) 1.3
    • Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance Division (ISRD) 1.4
    • Air Mobility Division (AMD) 1.5
  • List of Air and Space Operations Centers 2
  • Inactive AOCs 3
  • Training/Experimentation 4
  • AOC-equipping Units 5
  • NATO Air Operations Centres 6
    • Active AOCs 6.1
    • Inactive AOCs 6.2
  • See also 7
  • References 8

Divisions

There are five divisions in the AOC. These separate, but distinct, organizations fuse information that eventually becomes the Air Tasking Order. Staffing of these divisions consists primarily of USAF officers of various specialities in the ranks of captain, major and lieutenant colonel, supported by a smaller cohort of enlisted airmen, typically in the rank of staff sergeant and above. When conducting joint air and space operations, U.S. Army and USMC officers of similar rank and USN officers in the ranks of lieutenant, lieutenant commander and commander will also provide augmentative manning as required, the majority of whom will be aeronautically rated/aeronautically designated. Senior leadership oversight of the AOC is provided by USAF colonels and general officers and USN captains and flag officers.

Strategy Division (SRD)

  • Strategy Plans Team
  • Strategy Guidance Team
  • Operational Assessment Team
  • Information Operations Team

Combat Plans Division (CPD)

  • Target Effects Team
  • Master Air Attack Plan Team
  • Air Tasking Order Production Team
  • Command and Control Planning Team

Combat Operations Division (COD)

  • Offensive Ops Team
  • Defensive Ops Team
  • Personnel Recovery
  • Senior Intelligence Duty Officer
  • Joint Interface Control Officer
  • Weather Specialty Team
  • Naval Air Liaison Element (NALE)
    • USN + USMC; NALE also provides personnel/support to CPD and ISRD

Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance Division (ISRD)

  • Analysis, Correlation, and Fusion
  • Targeting and Tactical Assessment
  • ISR Operations

Air Mobility Division (AMD)

  • Commander's Support Staff (CCS)[3]
    • AMD Chief
    • Deputy AMD Chief
    • Superintendent
  • Air Mobility Control Team (AMDM)
    • Execution Cell
    • Mission Management
    • Flight Management
    • USAPAT Mission Planner
    • Maintenance
  • Airlift Control Team (AMDL)
    • Airlift Plans
    • DV Airlifts
    • Diplomatic Clearance
    • Requirements
  • Air Refueling Control Team (AMDR)
  • Aeromedical Evacuation Control Team (AMDA)
  • Unique Missions Support Team (AMDU)

List of Air and Space Operations Centers

The table below lists the Air and Space Operations Centers currently in service in the US Air Force, the Numbered Air Force (NAF) and Major Command (MAJCOM) to which they are assigned, Unified Combatant Command they support, and where they are stationed.
Shield AOC NAF MAJCOM UCC Role Station
601st Air and Space Operations Center 1AF/AFNORTH ACC USNORTHCOM Regional Tyndall AFB, Florida[4]
603d Air and Space Operations Center 3AF/AFEUR USAFE USEUCOM/USAFRICOM Regional Ramstein AB, Germany[5]
607th Air and Space Operations Center (HTACC / KAOC) 7AF/AFKOR PACAF USPACOM Regional Osan AB, South Korea[6]
608th Air and Space Operations Center 8AF/AFSTRAT-GS AFGSC USSTRATCOM Functional Barksdale AFB, Louisiana[7]
609th Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC) 9AF/AFCENT ACC USCENTCOM Regional Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar;
609 AOC Det 1, Shaw AFB, South Carolina
611th Air and Space Operations Center 11AF PACAF USPACOM/USNORTHCOM Regional Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska[8]
612th Air and Space Operations Center 12AF/AFSOUTH ACC USSOUTHCOM Regional Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona[9]
613th Air and Space Operations Center 13AF/AFPAC PACAF USPACOM Regional Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii[10]
614th Air and Space Operations Center 14AF/AFSTRAT-SP AFSPC USSTRATCOM Functional Vandenberg AFB, California[11]
618th Air and Space Operations Center (Tanker Airlift Control Center) 18AF/AFTRANS AMC USTRANSCOM Functional Scott AFB, Illinois[12]
623d Air and Space Operations Center 23AF/AFSOF AFSOC USSOCOM Functional Hurlburt Field, Florida
624th Operations Center 24AF/AFCYBER AFSPC USCYBERCOM Functional Lackland AFB, Texas[13]
625th Operations Center 25AF ACC USCYBERCOM (NSA) Functional Lackland AFB, Texas

Inactive AOCs

  • 617th Air Operations Center (617 AOC) - Ramstein AB, Germany (Merged with 613 AOC in 2011)[14]

Training/Experimentation

AOC-equipping Units

NATO Air Operations Centres

Since July 2013 The Torrejon, Spain and Uedem, Germany) with a deployable Air Operations Centre at Poggio Renatico, Italy. Previously, supporting the air component commands were 5 static Combined Air Operations Centres (CAOCs) to direct NATO air operations: in Finderup, Denmark; Eskisehir, Turkey; Larissa, Greece; Torrejon, Spain and Lisbon, Portugal. There were 2 further CAOCs with a static as well as a deployable role; Uedem, Germany and Poggio Renatico. The static CAOCs can support Allied air operations from their fixed locations, while the deployable CAOC will move where they are needed.

Emblem of the CAOC TJ, Torrejon

Active AOCs

  • Combined Air Operations Centre-Uedem (CAOC UE) - Uedem, Germany.[20]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon (CAOC TJ) - Torrejon, Spain.[21]
  • Deployable Air Command and Control Centre (DACCC PR) - Poggio Renatico, Italy.[22][23]

Inactive AOCs

  • Combined Air Operations Centre-1 (CAOC-1) - Finderup, Denmark (Deactivated in 2008, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)[24]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-2 (CAOC-2) - Uedem, Germany (Deactivated in 2008, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre Uedem, Deployable)[25]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-3 (CAOC-3) - Reitan, Norway (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-4 (CAOC-4) - Meßstetten, Germany (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Uedem, Deployable) [26]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-5, Deployable (CAOC-5) - Poggio Renatico, Italy (Deactivated in 2013, replaced at same location by Deployable Air Operations Centre)[27]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-6 (CAOC-6) - Eskisehir, Turkey[28] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[27]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-7 (CAOC-7) - Larissa, Greece[29] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[27]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-8 (CAOC-8) - Torrejon, Spain[30] (Deactivated in 2013, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[27]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-9 (CAOC-9) - RAF High Wycombe, United Kingdom (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)
  • Balkans Combined Air Operations Center - Vicenza, Italy (Deactivated in 2001)[31]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-10 (CAOC-10) - Lisbon, Portugal[32] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[27]

See also

References


-- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

local p = {}


-- Helper functions


local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


-- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


-- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
%s
', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

end

return p
  1. ^ a b Air Force GlossaryAir Force Doctrine Document 1-2, . 11 January 2007. Accessed 29 January 2011.
  2. ^ Operations and OrganizationAir Force Doctrine Document 2, . 3 April 2007. Accessed 29 January 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.afcent.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=12153
  4. ^ 601st Air and Space Operations Center factsheet
  5. ^ 3rd Air Force - Units
  6. ^ 7th Air Force - Units
  7. ^ 8th Air Force - 608th AOC
  8. ^ Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson - 11th Air Force
  9. ^ Factsheets : 612th Air and Space Operations Center
  10. ^ Factsheets : 613th Air and Space Operations Center
  11. ^ Extreme make-over: 14th Air Force becomes component numbered AF
  12. ^ 618th Air and Space Operations Center (TACC) - Home
  13. ^ Factsheets : 624 Operations Center (AFSPC)
  14. ^ http://www.stripes.com/news/europe/germany/air-force-to-merge-two-command-and-control-units-at-ramstein-1.130927
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ 112d Air Operations Squadron Homepage
  18. ^ NYANG - 152d AOG Homepage
  19. ^ Air Force Reserve News
  20. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/page5851910.aspx
  21. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/page584196.aspx
  22. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/page5861915.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.aco.nato.int/progress-in-natos-deployable-air-command-and-control-capability.aspx
  24. ^ a b http://www.airn.nato.int/BRTE_IV/factsheets/pdf/Fact_Sheet_CAOC1.pdf
  25. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/brte_VII/factsheets/PDF/AIRN_FACTSHEET_CAOC_UEDEM_NU.pdf
  26. ^ Globalsecurity.org
  27. ^ a b c d e f g (Spanish). (2013-07-03)Revista Atenea. El CAOC de Torrejón asegura ya la defensa aérea de la OTAN en el sur de EuropaCalderón, Joaquín.
  28. ^ CAOC-6 Factsheet
  29. ^ Allied Joint Force Command Naples
  30. ^ "Air Operations Centre in Spain" - NATO Official Website
  31. ^ "Combined Air Operations Center will move to new Italy location"
  32. ^ US Army NATO
  33. ^ "CAOC 2: State-of-the-Art Engineering for more Security" Allied Air Component Command HQ Ramstein - Press Release
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