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Alejandro Villanueva

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Title: Alejandro Villanueva  
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Subject: Teodoro Fernández, Peru at the 1936 Summer Olympics, Football at the 1936 Summer Olympics, Estadio Alejandro Villanueva, Ángel Uribe
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Alejandro Villanueva

Alejandro Villanueva
Personal information
Full name Carlos Alejandro Villanueva Martínez
Date of birth (1908-06-04)4 June 1908
Place of birth Lima, Peru
Date of death 11 April 1944(1944-04-11) (aged 35)
Playing position Striker
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1926 Teniente Ruiz
1927–1943 Alianza Lima
National team
1927–1938 Peru 11 (6)
Teams managed
1940–1941 Alianza Lima

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 18 September 2012.
† Appearances (goals)

‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 18 September 2012

Carlos Alejandro Villanueva Martínez (4 June 1908 – 11 April 1944) was a Peruvian football (soccer) player, considered one of the most important Alianza strikers in the 1920s and 1930s.


  • Career 1
  • Honours 2
    • Club 2.1
    • Individual 2.2
  • Statistics 3
    • International goals 3.1
  • References 4


Born in Lima, started his career at Teniente Ruiz[1] but moved on after a year to the club where he would play the rest of his career, Alianza Lima. For the Peruvian national team he participated at the 1927 and 1937 Copa America, 1930 FIFA World Cup and at 1936 Summer Olympics. He died aged 35 of tuberculosis.

He is known to be Peru's historic bicycle kick figure. Alejandro Villanueva was noted to have an extraordinary handling the football, and his many outrageous moves won him the nickname "Manguera." Among his many exploits, the bicycle kick was one of the moves that won him widespread recognition. While playing for Alianza Lima, Villanueva's fame increased as he made international appearances such as in 1933 when Alianza Lima made a tour in Chile and, with fellow Peruvians such as Teodoro Fernandez, delighted the audiences with his skill and defeated a series of important Chilean clubs of that time such as Club Deportivo Magallanes, Santiago Wanderers, Audax Italiano, and Colo-Colo.[2][3] In Peru, Villanueva is often remembered as one of the finest exponents of that nation's association football and as the player that amazed the crowds with his bicycle kicks. Interestingly, the people of Lima at first thought the bicycle kick was his invention when he executed it in 1928, and commonly called it "tiro caracol." Later, the name would change to "chalaca" when people began to favor the idea that the move was invented in Callao several decades earlier.[4] As a result of these achievements, Villanueva remains a famous figure in Peru to the point that several songs have been made about him and his eternal club, Alianza Lima.

Alianza Lima's stadium, located in the La Victoria district of Lima, is named after him. It is also known as "Manguera".


Alejandro Villanueva
Medal record
Gold medal – first place 1938 Bolivarian Games NA




International goals

Scores and results table. Peru's goal tally first:
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 27 November 1927 Lima, Peru  Argentina 1–1 1–5 1927 Copa America
2. 6 August 1936 Berlin, Germany  Finland 2–0 7–3 1936 Summer Olympics
3. 6 August 1936 Berlin, Germany  Finland 6–1 7–3 1936 Summer Olympics
4. 8 August 1936 Berlin, Germany  Austria 2–2 4–2 1936 Summer Olympics
5. 8 August 1936 Berlin, Germany  Austria 3–2 4–2 1936 Summer Olympics
6. 27 December 1936 Buenos Aires, Argentina  Brazil 2–3 2–3 1937 Copa America


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