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Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine

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Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine

Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine
Region of France
Country  France
Prefecture Strasbourg
Departments
Area
 • Total 57,433 km2 (22,175 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 5,548,955
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP (2013) Ranked
Total €150,296,000,000 billion (US$ bn)
Per capita €27,085 (US$)

Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (ACAL or less commonly, ALCA)[1] is a future French administrative region in northeastern France, resulting from territorial reform in 2014, that will supersede the current Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine regions on 1 January 2016.[2] Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine is a provisional name, created by hyphenating the merged regions in alphabetical order; its regional council, which will be elected in December 2015, must approve a new name for the region by 1 July 2016, which then must be approved by France's Conseil d'État.[3] ACAL is the only region in which the territorial reform legislation specifies the seat of the regional council, which will be Strasbourg.

Contents

  • Toponymy 1
    • Provisional name 1.1
    • Permanent name 1.2
  • Formation 2
    • Opposition 2.1
  • Government 3
    • Regional council 3.1
    • Departments 3.2
  • Geography 4
    • Topography 4.1
    • Hydrology 4.2
  • Demographics 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Toponymy

Provisional name

The provisional name of the region is Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, which is formed by combining the names of the three present regions—Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine—in alphabetical order with hyphens. The formula for the provisional name of the region was established by the territorial reform law and applies to all but one of the provisional names for new regions.[3] The ACAL regional council, which will be elected in December 2015, must choose a name for the region and submit it to the Conseil d'État—France's highest authority for administrative law—by 1 July 2016 for approval. The Conseil d'État then has until 1 October 2016 to issue a decree officially recognizing the names of the new regions.[3][4]

In Lorraine, the new region has frequently been called ALCA, for Alsace-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardennes, on the internet.[5]

Permanent name

In a poll conducted in November 2014 by France 3 in Champagne-Ardenne, Grand Est (29.16%) and Austrasie (22.65%) were the top two names among 25 candidates and 4701 votes.[6] Grand Est also topped a poll the following month conducted by L'Est Republicaine, receiving 42% of 3324 votes.[7]

Among the names which have received a moderate amount of discussion are:

  • Grand Est is a term used to refer to the northeast quarter of Metropolitan France, although this term refers to a geographic region larger than just ACAL. The term has been commonly used and has topped the polls mentioned above.
  • Austrasie (Austrasia),[7][6] which refers to a historic region spanning parts of present-day northeast France, the Benelux, and northwest Germany.
  • Quatre frontiers (Four Frontiers), which refers to the region's border with four countries, has also been discussed.[6]

Formation

ACAL is the result of territorial reform legislation passed in 2014 by the French Parliament to reduce the number of regions in Metropolitan France—the part of France in continental Europe—from 22 to 13.[10] ACAL is the merger of three regions: Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne, and Lorraine.

Opposition

Protesters hold a banner saying "No to merger" (Non a la fusion) during demonstration in Strasbourg, Alsace against the merger in November 2014.

The merger has been strongly opposed in Alsace. The territorial reform law allows new regions to choose the seat of the regional councils, but specifically made Strasbourg the seat of the ACAL regional council—a move to appease the region's politicians.[11]

Government

Regional council

The regional council has limited administrative authority, mostly concerning the promotion of the region's economy and financing educational and cultural activities. The regional council has no legislative authority. The seat of the regional council will be Strasbourg.

Departments

ACAL contains ten departments: Ardennes, Aube, Bas-Rhin, Marne, Haute-Marne, Haut-Rhin, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Meuse, Moselle, Vosges.

Geography

The current headquarters of the Alsace Regional Council, which will likely serve as the headquarters of ACAL's regional council

ACAL covers 57,433 square kilometres (22,175 sq mi) of land and will be the sixth-largest of the regions of France effective 1 January 2016. ACAL borders four countries—Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, and Switzerland—along its northern and eastern sides. It is the only French region to border more than two countries. To the west and south, it borders the French regions Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie (provisional name), Île-de-France, and Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (provisional name).

Topography

The main ranges in the region include the Vosges to the east and the Ardennes to the north.

Hydrology

The region is border on the east by the Rhine which forms most of the border with Germany. Other major rivers which flow through the region include: the Meuse, Moselle, Marne, and Saône.

Lakes in the region include: lac de Gérardmer, lac de Longemer, lac de Retournemer, lac des Corbeaux, Lac de Bouzey, lac de Madine, and lac de Pierre-Percée.

Demographics

The region has a population of 5,548,955 (municipal population on 1 January 2012).[12]

Cities with over 20,000 inhabitants Region 2014
Strasbourg Alsace 274,394
Reims Champagne-Ardenne 181,893
Metz Lorraine 119,551
Mulhouse Alsace 110,755
Nancy Lorraine 105,067
Colmar Alsace 67,257
Troyes Champagne-Ardenne 60,009
Charleville-Mézières Champagne-Ardenne 49,759
Châlons-en-Champagne Champagne-Ardenne 45,225
Thionville Lorraine 41,325
Haguenau Alsace 34,406
Épinal Lorraine 32,387
Schiltigheim Alsace 31,691
Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy Lorraine 30,569
Saint-Dizier Champagne-Ardenne 25,280
Épernay Champagne-Ardenne 23,529
Chaumont Champagne-Ardenne 22,678
Montigny-lès-Metz Lorraine 21,990
Sarreguemines Lorraine 21,605
Forbach Lorraine 21,475
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges Lorraine 21,053
Saint-Louis Alsace 19,990
Lunéville Lorraine 19,855

See also

References

  1. ^ Dupuis-Remond, Dupuis-Remond (18 December 2014). "Débat d'orientation budgétaire : la Grande Région ALCA dans tous les esprits - France 3 Lorraine".  
  2. ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" (in French).  
  3. ^ a b c , article 2(I)Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)
  4. ^ Quel nom pour la nouvelle région ? Vous avez choisi..., Sud-Ouest, 4 December 2014, accessed 2 January 2015
  5. ^ "Cette région que l’Alsace ne veut pas baptiser". Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace (in French). 7 December 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Votez pour le nom de la future grande région Champagne-Ardenne – Lorraine – Alsace".  
  7. ^ a b "Choisissez un nom pour la Grande Région". L'Est Républicain (in French). 2 December 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  8. ^ Bach, Christian (21 June 2015). "Région Alsace-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardenne : le nom de la chose...". Derniers nouvelles d'Alsace (in French). Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Baldit, Etienne (21 July 2015). """Philippot refuse le nom "Grand Est Europe" pour sa région : "Et pourquoi pas 'Roumanie' ?. Europe 1 (in French). Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée".  
  11. ^ "Strasbourg sera la capitale de la future région Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine".  
  12. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2012 - Populations légales 2012 des régions".  

External links

  • Merger of the regions - France 3
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