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American Battle Monuments Commission

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American Battle Monuments Commission

American Battle Monuments Commission.

The American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) is a small independent agency of the United States government. Established by Congress in 1923,[1] it is responsible for:

  • Commemorating the services of the U.S. armed forces where they have served since April 6, 1917 (the date of U.S. entry into World War I)
  • Establishing suitable memorial shrines; designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining permanent American military burial grounds in foreign countries
  • Controlling the design and construction of U.S. military monuments and markers in foreign countries by other U.S. citizens and organizations, both public and private
  • Encouraging the maintenance of such monuments and markers by their sponsors[1]

The Commission administers, operates, and maintains 24 permanent American burial grounds on foreign soil. As of May 2006, there were 124,917 U.S. war dead interred at these cemeteries: 30,921 of World War I, 93,246 of World War II and 750 of the Mexican-American War. An additional 6,033 American veterans and others are interred in the Mexico City National Cemetery and Corozal American Cemetery and Memorial.[2]

Complete sortable list of ABMC cemeteries

Cemetery Country Conflict Web Video Booklet Coordinates Nr of Dead
Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf
Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial Belgium World War II Link .wmv .pdf 5,329
Brittany American Cemetery and Memorial France World War II Link .wmv .pdf 4,410
Brookwood American Cemetery and Memorial United Kingdom World War I Link .wmv
Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial United Kingdom World War II Link .wmv .pdf 3,812
Corozal American Cemetery and Memorial Panama Panama Canal Link .wmv
Epinal American Cemetery and Memorial France World War II Link .wmv .pdf 5,255
Flanders Field American Cemetery and Memorial Belgium World War I Link .wmv .pdf 368
Florence American Cemetery and Memorial Italy World War II Link .wmv .pdf 4,402
Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery and Memorial Belgium World War II Link .wmv .pdf 7,992
Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial France World War II Link .wmv .pdf 10,849
Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial Luxembourg World War II Link .wmv .pdf 5,076
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial Philippines World War II Link .wmv .pdf 17,206
Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf 14,246
Mexico City National Cemetery Mexico Mexican War Link .wmv
Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial Netherlands World War II Link .wmv .pdf 8,301
Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial France World War II Link .wmv .pdf 9,387
North Africa American Cemetery and Memorial Tunisia World War II Link .wmv .pdf 2,841
Oise-Aisne American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf 6012
Rhone American Cemetery and Memorial France World War II Link .wmv .pdf 860
Sicily-Rome American Cemetery and Memorial Italy World War II Link .wmv .pdf 7,861
Somme American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf
St. Mihiel American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf
Suresnes American Cemetery and Memorial France World War I Link .wmv .pdf

Complete sortable list of ABMC monuments

Monument Country Nearest town Conflict Web
Audenarde American Monument Belgium Oudenaarde World War I Link
Belleau Wood American Monument France Belleau World War I Link
Bellicourt American Monument France St. Quentin World War I Link
Cabanatuan American Memorial Philippines Cabanatuan City World War II Link
Cantigny American Monument France Montdidier World War I Link
Chateau-Thierry American Monument France Château-Thierry World War I Link
Chaumont AEF Headquarters Marker France Chaumont World War I Link
East Coast Memorial USA New York City World War II Link
Guadalcanal American Memorial Solomon Islands Guadalcanal World War II Link
Honolulu Memorial USA Honolulu World War II Link
Kemmel American Monument Belgium Ieper (Ypres) World War I Link
United Nations Memorial Cemetery South Korea Busan Korean War Link
Montfaucon American Monument France Verdun World War I Link
Montsec American Monument France St. Mihiel World War I Link
Naval Monument at Brest France Brest World War I Link
Naval Monument at Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar World War I Link
Pointe du Hoc American Monument France Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer World War II Link
Papua American Marker New Guinea Papua World War II Link
Saipan American Memorial USA Saipan World War II Link
Santiago Surrender Tree Cuba Santiago de Cuba Spanish American War Link
Sommepy American Monument France St. Menehould World War I Link
Souilly American Headquarters Marker France Claye-Souilly World War I Link
Tours American Monument France Tours World War I Link
Utah Beach American Monument France Ste-Marie-du-Mont World War II Link
West Coast American Memorial USA San Francisco World War II Link
Western Task Force American Marker Morocco Casablanca World War II Link

Members

The authorizing legislation for the American Battle Monuments Commission (36 U.S.C., Chapter 21) specifies that the President will appoint 11 members to the commission and an officer of the regular Army to serve as the secretary.[3]

Chairmen of the ABMC

[2]

Current Commissioners

[3]

See also

Other national war graves commissions

References

  1. ^ a b "Intro". American Battle Monuments Commission. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  2. ^ a b "History". American Battle Monuments Commission. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  3. ^ a b "ABMC Commissioners". ABMC. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  4. ^ Österreich betreut Kriegsgräberstätten. In: Stimme & Weg, 2/2011, p. 24.
  5. ^ Ministère de la Défense, SGA Sépultures de guerre (File of French soldiers killed in action)
  6. ^ Website of the Oorlogsgravenstichting in Netherlands
  • Nishiura, Elizabeth, editor (1989). American Battle Monuments: A Guide to Military Cemeteries and Monuments Maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics Inc. ISBN 978-1558888128. OCLC 20504222
  • Hallowed Grounds (2009). PBS video of twenty-two America's overseas military cemeteries in eight different countries.

Bibliography

  • American Battle Monuments Commission (1938). American armies and battlefields in Europe: a history, guide, and reference book. U.S.G.P.O. Selected photos available online through the Washington State Library's Classics in Washington History collection
  • American Battle Monuments Commission (1938). American armies and battlefields in Europe: a history, guide, and reference book. U.S.G.P.O.  Maps available online through the Washington State Office of the Secretary of State's Washington History collection
  • Sledge, Michael (2005). Soldier Dead: How We Recover, Identify, Bury, and Honor Our Military Fallen. Columbia University Press.  

External links

  • Official website
  • US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the AMerican Union Buried in National Cemeteries 1866-1871 Vols 1-27
  • US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in National Cemeteries 1869 Vols 1-8
  • US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in National Cemeteries 1866 Vols 9-12
  • US Army Quartermaster Roll of Honor Names of Soldiers who died in Defense of the American Union buried in American Cemeteries 1868 Vol. XVI
  • World War I : Soldiers Remembered Presented by the Washington State Library and Washington State Archives
    • American operations in the Aisne-Marne region: May 31 – October 12, 1918
    • American operations in the St. Mihiel region: September 12 – November 11, 1918
    • The Meuse-Argonne offensive of the American First Army: September 26 – November 11, 1918
  • Records of Thomas North regarding Dwight D. Eisenhower's service with the Commission, 1927–1929
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