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Andrew Carnegie Mansion

Andrew Carnegie Mansion
Andrew Carnegie Mansion is located in New York City
Andrew Carnegie Mansion
Location 2 East 91st Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York[1]
Coordinates
Area 1.2 acres (0.49 ha)
Built 1901
Architect Babb, Cook & Willard
Architectural style Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival
Governing body Smithsonian Institution
NRHP Reference # 66000536[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 13, 1966
Designated NHL November 13, 1966 [3]

The Andrew Carnegie Mansion is located at 2 East 91st Street at Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City, New York. Andrew Carnegie built his mansion in 1903 and lived there until his death in 1919; his wife, Louise, lived there until her death in 1946. The building is now the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, part of the Smithsonian Institution. The surrounding neighborhood on Manhattan's Upper East Side has come to be called Carnegie Hill. The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1966.[3][4][5][6]

Contents

  • History 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

History

The land was purchased in 1898[1] in secrecy by Carnegie, further north than most mansions, in part to ensure there was enough space for a garden.[7] He asked his architects Babb, Cook & Willard for the "most modest, plainest, and most roomy house in New York".[3] However, it was also the first American residence to have a steel frame and among the first to have a private Otis Elevator and central heating.[7] His wife, Louise, lived in the house until she died in 1946.[8]

The Carnegie Corporation gave the house and property to the Smithsonian in 1972, and the modern incarnation of the Cooper-Hewitt Museum opened there in 1976. Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates handled the renovation into a museum in 1977.[8] The interior was redesigned by the architectural firm, Polshek and Partners, headed by James Polshek, in 2001.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Bill Harris, "One Thousand New York Buildings", 2002, Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, pg 312
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  3. ^ a b c "Andrew Carnegie Mansion". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-14. 
  4. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" (pdf). National Park Service. 1975-05-30. 
  5. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination" (pdf). National Park Service. 1975-05-30. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^ a b Cooper-Hewitt History of Mansion
  8. ^ a b   pg 429
  9. ^ Andrew S. Dolkart, Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum: National Design Museum, 2006, Scala Publishers, ISBN 978-1-85759-268-9

Further reading

  • Kathrens, Michael C. (2005). Great Houses of New York, 1880–1930. New York: Acanthus Press. p. 113.  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Cooper Hewitt, National Design Museum
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