World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)

 

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)

Anne of Bohemia
Queen consort of Bohemia
Tenure 1307–1310
Spouse Henry of Bohemia
House House of Přemyslid
Father Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
Mother Judith of Habsburg
Born 15 October 1290
Bohemia, Czech Republic
Died 3 September 1313 (aged 22)
Carinthia, Austria

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313) was the eldest surviving daughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland and his first wife Judith of Habsburg. Her siblings included Elisabeth of Bohemia and Wenceslaus III of Bohemia.[1][2]

Family

Anne was born in 1290 in the Kingdom of Bohemia. Her mother, Judith, died in 1297 when Anne was seven years old. Of her mother's ten children, only four of them lived to adulthood: Wenceslaus, Anne, Elisabeth and Margaret.

In 1300 Anne's widowed father, Wenceslaus, re-married a Polish princess called Elisabeth Richeza from the genus Piast dynasty. Anne's father then gained the Crown of Poland for the next five years (he died in 1305). They had a daughter, Agnes of Bohemia.

Her father also had numerous illegitimate children, including Jan Volek (?? – 27 September 1351), bishop of Olomouc

Marriage

In 1306 Anne married Henry of Carinthia, a son of Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia and Elisabeth of Bavaria.

After the murder of Anne's brother, Wenceslaus, in 1306, Anne's husband was elected King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland. However, all power was soon taken over by Rudolph of Habsburg. Anne and Henry then fled to Carinthia out of reach from Rudolph. Rudolph only reigned for one year and on his death Henry assumed the throne of Bohemia again.

The royal couple turned their attention to Anne's younger unmarried sister Elisabeth. They wished to have her married but Elisabeth refused every suitor that came forward. In 1310 Elisabeth married John of Luxembourg. This union caused Anne and Elisabeth to fall out. It was said that Elisabeth was more beautiful than Anne and that Anne was jealous of her.

By 1310 John and Elisabeth occupied Prague; Anne and Henry were sent back to live in Carinthia in exile. It was there in 1313 that she died aged only twenty two and childless. Her husband married twice more.

Ancestry

Sources in English

  • Anne's Bohemia; Czech Literature and Society, 1310–1420, by Alfred Thomas University of Minnesota Press, 1998, Preface by David Wallace

References

Anne of Bohemia (1290–1313)
Born: 1290 Died: 1313
Royal titles
Preceded by
Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn
Queen consort of Bohemia
1306
Succeeded by
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Preceded by
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Queen consort of Bohemia
1307–1310
Succeeded by
Elisabeth of Bohemia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.