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Ansar Dine

Ansar Dine
Flag of Ansar Dine[1]
Dates of operation 2012–present
Leader(s) Iyad Ag Ghaly
Active region(s) Mali
Ideology Islamism
anti-Sufism
Size unknown (estimated: 500 - 2000)[2]

Ansar Dine (

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  11. ^ Tiemoko Diallo and Adama Diarra (1 July 2012). "Mali Islamists destroy more holy Timbuktu sites". Reuters. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  12. ^ Thiolay, Boris (3–9 October 2012), "Le djihad du "Barbu rouge"", L'Express (in French): 40–41 
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  14. ^ Polgreen, Lydia (24 January 2013). "Faction Splits From Ansar Dine in Northern Mali". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ "Terrorist Designations of Ansar al-Dine". United States Department of State. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) concerning Al-Qaida and associated individuals and entities QE.A.135.13. ANSAR EDDINE". United Nations. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ansar Dine Mali | Africa - News and Analysis". Africajournalismtheworld.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  18. ^ "Qaeda, Ansar Dine convoy headed for assault on Malian town: sources". English.alarabiya.net. 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  19. ^ Riedel, Bruce (2012), "Al Qaeda's Resurgence", A World Connected: Globalization in the 21st Century (Yale Global Online): 137,  
  20. ^ USA (2012-12-07). "Pictures: Timbuktu Under al Qaeda". News.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  21. ^ Afua Hirsch, west Africa correspondent (2 April 2012). "Mali rebels tighten grip on northern towns | World news". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
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  24. ^ Nkrumah, Gamal (12–18 April 2012). "Saharan quicksand". Al-Ahram Weekly Online. Retrieved 13 April 2012. 
  25. ^ a b "Mali: Timbuktu heritage may be threatened, Unesco says". BBC News. 3 April 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
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  27. ^ a b Agence France-Presse (21 March 2012). "Islamist fighters call for Sharia law in Mali". Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
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References

In late January 2013, during the French Operation Serval against the Islamist fighters in Northern Mali, a faction split off from Ansar Dine, led by Alghabass Ag Intalla(h). It calls itself the Islamic Movement of Azawad (MIA) and claims to be ready for negotiations and to reject extremism and terrorism as well as any association with Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.[41][42][43]

January 2013

Ansar Dine was in peace talks with Mali's neighbours Burkina Faso and Algeria.[40]

Ansar Dine and MNLA in Ouagadougou, with Blaise Compaoré, November 16, 2012

November 2012

In the summer of 2012, members of Ansar Dine broke down the doors of the Sidi Yahya Mosque, which, according to legend, were not to be opened until the Last Days. They claimed that reverence for the site was idolatrous, but offered roughly $100 U.S. dollars to repair the mosque.[39]

July 2012

However, some later reports indicated that the MNLA had decided to withdraw from the pact, distancing itself from Ansar Dine.[35][36] MNLA and Ansar Dine continued to clash,[37] culminating in the Battle of Gao on 27 June, in which Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa and Ansar Dine took control of the city, driving out the MNLA. The following day, Ansar Dine announced that it was in control of all the cities of northern Mali.[38]

June 2012

On 26 May, the MNLA and Ansar Dine announced a pact in which they would merge to form an Islamist state called the "Islamic Republic of Azawad".[34]

Ansar Dine was reportedly responsible for the burning of the tomb of a Sufi saint, a UNESCO World Heritage site, on 4 May in Timbuktu.[31] The group also blocked a humanitarian convoy bringing medical and food aid from reaching Timbuktu on 15 May, objecting to the presence of women in the welcoming committee set up by city residents;[32] after negotiations, the convoy was released on the following day.[33] In Gao, the group reportedly banned video games, Malian and Western music, bars, and football.[32]

May 2012

On 3 April, the BBC reported that the group had started implementing Sharia law in Timbuktu.[25] That day, Ag Ghaly gave a radio interview in Timbuktu announcing that Sharia would be enforced in the city, including the veiling of women, the stoning of adulterers, and the punitive mutilation of thieves. According to Timbuktu's mayor, the announcement caused nearly all of Timbuktu's Christian population to flee the city.[29] On 6 April, the MNLA issued a declaration of independence. However, the military wing of Ansar Dine rejected it hours after it was issued.[30]

April 2012

On 22 March, mutineering Malian soldiers unhappy with Amadou Toumani Touré overthrew the Malian government in a coup d'état. Taking advantage of Malian disarray, Ansar Dine and MNLA proceeded to take the towns of Kidal, Gao, and Timbuktu within the following ten days. According to Jeremy Keenan of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Ansar Dine's military contribution was slight compared to the much larger MNLA: "What seems to happen is that when they move into a town, the MNLA take out the military base—not that there's much resistance—and Iyad [Ag Aghaly] goes into town and puts up his flag and starts bossing everyone around about sharia law".[28]

On 21 March 2012, the group claimed control of Mali's vast northeast regions. The Agence France-Presse reported that Ansar Dine claimed to occupy the towns of Tinzaouaten, Tessalit, and Aguelhok, all close to the Algerian border, and that they had captured at least 110 civilian and military prisoners.[27] France accused the group of summarily executing 82 soldiers and civilians in capturing Aguelhok, describing the group's tactics as "Al-Qaeda-style".[27]

March 2012

Participation in 2012 northern Mali conflict

The group seeks to impose sharia law across Mali, including the Azawad region. Witnesses have said that Ansar Dine fighters wear long beards and fly black flags with the Shahada (Islamic creed) inscribed in white.[22][23][24] According to different reports, unlike the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA), Ansar Dine does not seek independence but rather to keep Mali intact and convert it into a rigid theocracy.[25][26]

Ideology

Ansar Dine has reportedly carried out at least one convoy of 100 vehicles carrying soldiers equipped with small arms.[18] There have also been rumors that fighters may have been able to obtain weapons from Libya's weapons depots after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.[19] The Ansar Dine arsenal also includes anti aircraft weapons which can be mounted on pickup trucks.[20][21]

Weapons

In Mopti, the Ansar Dine fighters obtained access to heavy construction equipment from fleeing construction workers and used them to build fighting positions. The fighting positions include an elaborate tunnel network and vehicular obstacles such as trenches.[17]

Command Structure

In March 2013 it was designated as a United Nations Security Council.[16]

On 24 January 2013, a faction calling itself the Islamic Movement for the Azawad split from Ansar Dine. As of January 2013, this group was led by prominent Tuareg leader Alghabass Ag Intalla.[13][14]

Ansar Dine has its main base among the Iyad Ag Ghaly is the cousin of AQIM commander Hamada Ag Hama.[5] In April 2012, Salma Belaala, a professor at Warwick University who does research on jihadism in North Africa said that this association was false, claiming that Ansar Dine was opposed to Al Qaeda.[10] Ag Ghaly was also previously associated with the 1990 Tuareg rebellion.[5] The group's members are reported to be from Mali, Algeria, and Nigeria.[11] Omar Ould Hamaha, who served as Ansar Dine's spokesman after April 2012, became the military leader of the AQIM-affiliated Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MOJWA) in August 2012.[12]

Membership

Organization

Contents

  • Organization 1
    • Membership 1.1
    • Command Structure 1.2
    • Weapons 1.3
  • Ideology 2
  • Participation in 2012 northern Mali conflict 3
    • March 2012 3.1
    • April 2012 3.2
    • May 2012 3.3
    • June 2012 3.4
    • July 2012 3.5
    • November 2012 3.6
    • January 2013 3.7
  • References 4

The group is opposed to Sufi shrines.[8]

[7][6]

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