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Title: Anzin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Raouval, A23 autoroute, Arrondissement of Valenciennes, Reumont, Troisvilles
Collection: Communes of Nord (French Department)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Sainte Barbe
Sainte Barbe
Coat of arms of Anzin
Coat of arms
Anzin is located in France
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Nord
Arrondissement Valenciennes
Canton Anzin
Intercommunality Valenciennes Métropole
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre-Michel Bernard
Area1 3.64 km2 (1.41 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 13,646
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 59014 / 59410
Elevation 18–95 m (59–312 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anzin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France. It lies on the Scheldt, 1-½ miles northwest of Valenciennes, of which it is a suburb.


  • History 1
  • Population 2
  • Popular culture 3
  • See also 4
  • Twin cities 5
  • References 6


Anzin was once the centre of important coal mines of the Valenciennes basin belonging to the Anzin Company, the formation of which dates to 1717. The commune's first coal layer of the area in 1734. The company of the mines of Anzin was created in 1757. In 1884 these mines were visited by Émile Zola, who based his novel Germinal upon his observations. At the beginning of twentieth century, the metallurgical industries of the place were extensive, and included iron and copper founding and the manufacture of steam-engines, machinery, chain-cables and a great variety of heavy iron goods. There were also glass-works and breweries.[1]


Popular culture

Bertrand Tavernier directed his film Ça commence aujourd'hui in Anzin in 1999.

See also

Twin cities


  • INSEE commune file
  • See Reed G. Geiger, The Anzin Coal Company, 1830-1833. Univ of Delaware Press, 1974.
  1. ^ "Anzin". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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