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Army ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

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Title: Army ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Imperial Japanese Army, Military ranks and insignia of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, Norihiro Yasue, List of aircraft of the Japanese Navy, 18th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army)
Collection: Imperial Japanese Army, Military Ranks of Japan
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Army ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

Imperial Japanese Military
Administration
Imperial General Headquarters
Components
 Imperial Japanese Army
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun)
        Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
        Railways and Shipping Section
    Uniforms
 Imperial Japanese Navy
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun)
        Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
        Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces
    Major battles
    List of ships
    List of aircraft
    Main admirals
Rank insignia
Army rank insignia
Naval rank insignia
History of the Japanese Military
Military History of Japan during World War II

The following tables present the rank insignia of the Japanese military before and during World War II. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the Imperial Japanese Army was dissolved.

The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word Rikugun (Army) or Kaigun (Navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a Captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a Colonel in the Army-Taisa (Colonel), so the rank of "Rikugun Taisa" denoted an Army Colonel while the rank of "Kaigun Daisa" denoted a Naval Captain.

Officer ranks

Imperial Japanese Army ranks Collar insignia
Grand Marshal
Dai-Gensui (大元帥)
OF-10
Marshal General
Gensui,Rikugun Taishō (元帥、陸軍大将)
As General, plus enamelled breast badge:
OF-9
General
Rikugun Taishō (陸軍大将)
OF-8
Lieutenant General
Rikugun Chūjō (陸軍中将)
OF-7
Major General
Rikugun Shōshō (陸軍少将)
OF-5
Colonel
Rikugun Taisa (陸軍大佐)
OF-4
Lieutenant Colonel
Rikugun Chūsa (陸軍中佐)
OF-3
Major
Rikugun Shōsa (陸軍少佐)
OF-2
Captain
Rikugun Taii (陸軍大尉)
OF-1
First Lieutenant
Rikugun Chūi (陸軍中尉)
OF-1
Second Lieutenant
Rikugun Shōi ( 陸軍少尉)
OR-9
Warrant Officer
Rikugun Jun-i (Associate Officer) (陸軍准尉)

Enlisted ranks

All-forces ranks Collar insignia
OR-7
Sergeant Major
Sōchō (曹長)
OR-6
Sergeant
Gunsō (軍曹)
OR-5
Corporal
Gochō (伍長)
OR-4
Junior Corporal
Gochō Kimmu jōtōhei (Senior Soldier acting as Corporal) (伍長勤務上等兵)


Lance-Corporal
Heichō (Leading Soldier) (兵長)

OR-3
Superior Private
Jōtōhei (Senior Soldier) (上等兵)
OR-2
Private 1st Class
Ittōhei (Soldier First Class) (一等兵)
OR-1
Private
Nitōhei (Soldier Second Class) (二等兵)

See also

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