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As-Sa'iqa

As-Sa'iqa
Leader Farhan Abu Al-Hayja
Founded September 1966 (September 1966)
Headquarters Palestine,
Syria
and Lebanon
Ideology Palestinian nationalism
Assadism
Ba'athism
International affiliation Syrian-led Ba'ath Party
Colors Black, Red, White and Green (Pan-Arab colors)
Politics of Palestine
Political parties
Elections

As-Sa'iqa (also transliterated as al-Saika, Saeqa, etc., from

  • Attacks attributed to Saiqa on START database
  • Attacks attributed to the "Eagles of the Palestinian Revolution" on START

External links

  • Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War Fisk, Robert (2001) (ISBN 0-19-280130-9)
  • Faces of Lebanon: Sects, Wars, and Global Extensions (Princeton Series on the Middle East)Harris William W (1997) (ISBN 1-55876-115-2)

References

  1. ^ https://fas.org/man/crs/RS21235.pdf
  2. ^ Morris, Benny. Righteous Victims. p. 367
  3. ^ "DIRECTV Packages 1-855-387-5271 DIRECTV Deals & Specials". Tkb.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  4. ^ Cedarland.org. "The Lebanon War". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  5. ^ "Welcome to the Palestinian Refugee ResearchNet". Arts.mcgill.ca. 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  6. ^ [6]
  7. ^ https://fas.org/irp/congress/1989_cr/h890509-plo.htm
  8. ^ [7]
  9. ^ [8]
  10. ^ "DIRECTV Packages 1-855-387-5271 DIRECTV Deals & Specials". Tkb.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  11. ^ John Pike. "Yom Kippur War: Grand Deception Or Intelligence Blunder". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 

Notes

See also

The group has generally taken a hard line stance (reflecting that of Syria) on issues such as the recognition of Israel, the Ten Point Programme that initially caused the PLO/Rejectionist Front split.

As-Sa'iqa's political agenda is identical to that of Ba'athist Syria, i.e., Arab socialist, nationalist and strongly committed to Pan-Arab doctrine. While this reflects its Ba'thist programme, it has also used Pan-Arabism as a means of supporting the primacy of its sponsor, Syria, over the Arafat-led PLO's claim to exclusive representation of the Palestinian people. Thus, it rejected "Palestinization" of the conflict with Israel, insisting on the necessary involvement of the greater Arab nation. This occasionally went to extremes, with as-Sa'iqa leaders denying the existence of a separate Palestinian people within the wider Arab nation (quote).

Ideological profile

Under the name Eagles of the Palestinian Revolution - possibly the name of the armed wing of as-Sa'iqa - the organization has committed a number of international U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

Syrian backing in the 1970s gave as-Sa'iqa a military weight far greater than its political influence, which has always been small. During the Lebanese civil war was often the second largest Palestinian faction in fighting strength, after Yassir Arafat's Fatah movement.[8]

As-Sa'iqa is led by a Secretary-General, Farhan Abu Al-Hayja since 2007. It has a representative (Muhammad al-Khalifa) on the PLO Executive Committee, but he boycotts sessions of the PLO EC.[6][7] During much of the 1970s, as-Sai'qa's representatives in the PLO EC (Muhsin and al-Qadi) held the prestigious and sensitive post as Head of the Military Department, which reflects the military importance of the movement in these years.

Organization and structure

After the end of the Lebanese Civil War and the 1993 signing of the Syrian Army's presence in Lebanon). It is extremely weak in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and has not been active during the al-Aqsa Intifada. Its importance to Syria has lessened, both because the PLO has diminished in importance compared to the Palestinian National Authority (which as-Sai'qa boycotts).

As-Sai'qa today

After Muhsin's assassination in 1979, 'Isam al-Qadi became new Secretary-General. The movement remained active during the Lebanese Civil War, and again joined Syria, the Lebanese Shi'a Amal Movement and Abu Musa's Fatah al-Intifada in attacks on the PLO during the War of the Camps in 1984-85, and for the remainder of the Civil War (which lasted until 1990). This again led to mass-defections of Palestinians from the movement (Harris quotes the Syrian-aligned Amal Movement as complaining that the Syrian-backed Palestinian forces sent to attack the PLO were "Abu Musa in the Biqa'" but "become Abu nothing in the Shuf and Abu Ammar on arrival in Beirut"), and reportedly its ranks were filled with non-Palestinian Syrian army recruits. After the end of the Civil War, the movement was nearly out of contact with the PLO mainstream,[5] and exerted influence only in Syria and in Syrian-occupied parts of Lebanon. It kept lobbying within the PLO against the various peace proposals advanced by Arafat, and was part of the Syrian-based National Alliance that opposed Arafat.

The organization was, and is, utilized by Syria as a proxy force in the Palestinian movement. While this has prevented as-Sa'iqa from gaining widespread popularity among Palestinians, it became an important force in the Palestinian camps in Syria, as well as in Lebanon. During the Lebanese Civil War, Syria built the movement into one of the most important Palestinian fighting units, but also forced it to join in Syrian offensives against the PLO when relations between al-Assad and Arafat soured. This led to as-Sa'iqa's expulsion from the PLO in 1976, but it was readmitted in December the same year, after the situation had cooled down, and after Syria named this as a condition for further support for the PLO. The attacks on the PLO led to large-scale defections of Syrian-based Palestinians from the movement. As Saiqa was as well responsible of the Damour Massacre in 1976 and many other barbaric mass murders.[4]

With and against the PLO in Lebanon

. He was repeatedly promoted by Syria as a candidate for the post as Chairman of the PLO, to replace Arafat, but never gained support from other factions. Jordan, a Palestinian Ba'thist who had come to Syria as a refugee from Zuhayr Muhsin), al-Assad chose Yusuf Zu'ayyin, who had succeeded Mahmud al-Ma'ayta As new Secretary-General (after [3] As-Sa'iqa was also used in the Ba'thist power struggle then in play in Syria, by

Al-Assad takeover and Purge of as-Sa'iqa

As-Sa'iqa was formed as an organization by the Syrian-led Ba'ath Party in September 1966, but first activated in December 1968, when Syria tried to build up an alternative to Yasser Arafat, then emerging with his Fatah faction as the primary Palestinian fedayeen leader and politician [5]. As-Sa'iqa was initially the second-largest group within the PLO, after Fatah.[2]

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • Al-Assad takeover and Purge of as-Sa'iqa 1.1
    • With and against the PLO in Lebanon 1.2
    • As-Sai'qa today 1.3
  • Organization and structure 2
  • Ideological profile 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

. Farhan Abu Al-Hayja Its Secretary-General is [1]

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