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Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps

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Assistant Commandant of the United States Marine Corps

Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps

John M. Paxton, Jr.
since: December 15, 2012
First Eli K. Cole
Formation April 29, 1911

The Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (ACMC) is the second highest-ranking officer in the United States Marine Corps, and serves as a deputy for the Commandant of the Marine Corps (CMC). Before 1946, the title was known as Assistant to the Commandant.

The Assistant Commandant is appointed by the President of the United States and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate. In the event that the Commandant is absent or is unable to perform his duties, the Assistant Commandant assumes the duties and responsibilities of the Commandant. For this reason, the Assistant Commandant is appointed to a rank equal to the sitting Commandant; since 1971, each Assistant Commandant has been, by statute, a four-star general, making it the most common rank held among Marines serving this position. Additionally, he may perform other duties that the CMC assigns to him.[1] Historically, the Assistant Comandant has served for two to three years.

The 33rd and current Assistant Commandant is John M. Paxton, Jr.,[2] who took office on 15 December 2012, when Joseph F. Dunford, Jr. vacated the office to become the sitting Commandant.[3][4][5] The first Marine to hold the billet as "Assistant to the Commandant" was Eli K. Cole (Allen H. Turnage being the last), while Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. was the first to hold it as the "Assistant Commandant".

List of previous appointees

Assistants to the Commandant of the Marine Corps

Before the official title of "Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps" was adopted in 1946, the title of the position was known as the "Assistant to the Commandant" and before 1918, known only as "Duty in the Office of the Commandant". No records exist before the outbreak of World War I about this position, possibly because the Commandant likely had only administrative staff and no deputy.[6]

The first Assistant to the Commandant was Lieutenant Colonel Eli K. Cole, who assumed the position on April 29, 1911. From April 29, 1911 to October 16, 1946, 19 men were assigned to assist the commandant, including five that went on to become Commandant themselves: John A. Lejeune, Wendell C. Neville, Ben H. Fuller, John H. Russell, Jr. and Alexander A. Vandegrift.[6]

# Photo Rank Name Tenure from Tenure to Became Commandant
1 O-05Lieutenant Colonel Cole, Eli K.Eli K. Cole[7] 01911-04-29April 29, 1911 01915-01-01January 1, 1915 No
2 O-07Brigadier General Lejeune, John A.John A. Lejeune[8] 01915-01-01January 1, 1915 01917-09-10September 10, 1917 Yes
3 O-07Brigadier General Long, Charles G.Charles G. Long[9] 01917-09-11September 11, 1917 01920-08-13August 13, 1920 No
4 O-08Major General Neville, Wendell CushingWendell Cushing Neville[10] 01920-08-14August 14, 1920 01923-07-11July 11, 1923 Yes
5 O-07Brigadier General Feland, LoganLogan Feland[11] 01923-07-13July 13, 1923 01925-07-31July 31, 1925 No
6 O-07Brigadier General Williams, DionDion Williams[12] 01925-08-01August 1, 1925 01928-07-01July 1, 1928 No
7 O-07Brigadier General Fuller, Ben HebardBen Hebard Fuller[13] 01928-07-02July 2, 1928 01930-07-08July 8, 1930 Yes
8 O-07Brigadier General Myers, John TwiggsJohn Twiggs Myers[14] 01930-08-01August 1, 1930 01933-02-01February 1, 1933 No
9 O-07Brigadier General Russell, Jr., John H.John H. Russell, Jr.[15] 01933-02-01February 1, 1933 01934-02-28February 28, 1934 Yes
10 O-07Brigadier General McDougal, Douglas C.Douglas C. McDougal[16] 01934-04-08April 8, 1934 01935-04-22April 22, 1935 No
11 O-07Brigadier General Little, Louis M.Louis M. Little[17] 01935-04-22April 22, 1935 01937-05-06May 6, 1937 No
12 O-06Brigadier General Smith, HollandHolland Smith[18] 01939-04-01April 1, 1939 01939-09-25September 25, 1939 No
13 O-07Brigadier General Vandegrift, AlexanderAlexander Vandegrift[19] 01940-03-01March 1, 1940 01941-11-18November 18, 1941 Yes
14 O-07Brigadier General Barrett, Charles D.Charles D. Barrett[20] 01941-11-19November 19, 1941 01942-03-12March 12, 1942 No
15 O-07Brigadier General Keyser, Ralph S.Ralph S. Keyser[21] 01942-03-28March 28, 1942 01942-05-24May 24, 1942 No
16 O-O8Major General Schmidt, HarryHarry Schmidt[22] 01942-05-25May 25, 1942 01943-08-01August 1, 1943 No
17 O-08Major General Rockey, Keller E.Keller E. Rockey[23] 01943-08-02August 2, 1943 01944-01-17January 17, 1944 No
18 O-08Major General Peck, DewittDewitt Peck[24] 01944-01-20January 20, 1944 01945-07-30July 30, 1945 No
19 O-08Major General Turnage, Allen H.Allen H. Turnage[25] 01945-09-01September 1, 1945 01946-10-16October 16, 1946 No

Assistant Commandants of the Marine Corps

In 1946, Congress established the position of "Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps" and since then, 31 men have held the position. Major General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. was the first to hold the billet and went on to become Commandant, as well as five others: Randolph M. Pate, Leonard F. Chapman, Jr., Robert H. Barrow, Paul X. Kelley and James F. Amos.[6]

As with the Commandant, the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps is appointed by the President based on advice and consent of the Senate and, once appointed, will be promoted to the grade of general. The duties of the Assistant Commandant include such authority and duties as the Commandant and, with the approval of the Secretary of the Navy, may delegate to or prescribe for him. Orders issued by the Assistant Commandant in performing such duties have the same effect as those issued by the Commandant. When there is a vacancy in the office of Commandant of the Marine Corps, or during the absence or disability of the Commandant, the Assistant Commandant shall perform the duties of the Commandant until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases.[1]

# Photo Rank Name Tenure from Tenure to Became Commandant
1 O-08Major General Shepherd, Jr., Lemuel C.Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.[26] 01946-10-07October 7, 1946 01948-04-14April 14, 1948 Yes
2 O-08Major General Smith, Oliver P.Oliver P. Smith[27] 01948-04-15April 15, 1948 01950-07-19July 19, 1950 No
3 O-09Lieutenant General Silverthorn, Merwin H.Merwin H. Silverthorn[28] 01950-07-19July 19, 1950 01952-02-01February 1, 1952 No
4 O-09Lieutenant General Thomas, Gerald C.Gerald C. Thomas[29] 01952-03-08March 8, 1952 01954-07-01July 1, 1954 No
5 O-09Lieutenant General Pate, Randolph M.Randolph M. Pate[30] 01954-07-01July 1, 1954 01955-12-31December 31, 1955 Yes
6 O-09Lieutenant General Megee, Vernon E.Vernon E. Megee[31] 01956-01-01January 1, 1956 01957-11-30November 30, 1957 No
7 O-09Lieutenant General McCaul, Verne J.Verne J. McCaul[32] 01957-12-01December 1, 1957 01959-12-31December 31, 1959 No
8 O-09Lieutenant General Munn, John C.John C. Munn[33] 01960-01-01January 1, 1960 01963-03-31March 31, 1963 No
9 O-09Lieutenant General Hayes, Charles H.Charles H. Hayes[34] 01963-04-01April 1, 1963 01965-06-30June 30, 1965 No
10 O-09Lieutenant General Mangrum, Richard C.Richard C. Mangrum[35] 01965-07-01July 1, 1965 01967-06-30June 30, 1967 No
11 O-09Lieutenant General Chapman, Jr., Leonard F.Leonard F. Chapman, Jr.[36] 01967-07-01July 1, 1967 01967-12-31December 31, 1967 Yes
12 75px O-10General Walt, Lewis WilliamLewis William Walt[37] 01968-01-01January 1, 1968 01971-01-29January 29, 1971 No
13 O-10General McCutcheon, Keith B.Keith B. McCutcheon[38] 01971-01-30January 30, 1971 01971-03-11March 11, 1971
(never assumed post due to illness)
No
14 O-10General Davis, Raymond G.Raymond G. Davis[39] 01971-03-12March 12, 1971 01972-03-30March 30, 1972 No
15 O-10General Anderson, Earl E.Earl E. Anderson[40] 01972-03-31March 31, 1972 01975-06-30June 30, 1975 No
16 O-10General Jaskilka, SamuelSamuel Jaskilka[41] 01975-07-01July 1, 1975 01978-06-30June 30, 1978 No
17 O-10General Barrow, Robert H.Robert H. Barrow[42] 01978-07-01July 1, 1978 01979-07-30July 30, 1979 Yes
18 O-10General McLennan, KennethKenneth McLennan[43] 01979-07-01July 1, 1979 01981-07-30July 30, 1981 No
19 O-10General Kelley, Paul X.Paul X. Kelley[44] 01981-07-01July 1, 1981 01983-06-30June 30, 1983 Yes
20 O-10General Davis, John K.John K. Davis[45] 01983-07-01July 1, 1983 01986-05-31May 31, 1986 No
21 O-10General Morgan, Thomas R.Thomas R. Morgan[46] 01986-06-01June 1, 1986 01988-06-30June 30, 1988 No
22 O-10General Went, Joseph J.Joseph J. Went[47] 01988-07-01July 1, 1988 01990-07-31July 31, 1990 No
23 O-10General Dailey, John R.John R. Dailey[48] 01990-08-01August 1, 1990 01992-08-31August 31, 1992 No
24 O-10General Boomer, Walter E.Walter E. Boomer[49] 01992-09-01September 1, 1992 01994-07-14July 14, 1994 No
25 O-10General Hearney, Richard D.Richard D. Hearney[50] 01994-07-15July 15, 1994 01996-09-26September 26, 1996 No
26 O-10General Neal, Richard I.Richard I. Neal[51] 01996-09-27September 27, 1996 01998-09-04September 4, 1998 No
27 O-10General Dake, Terrence R.Terrence R. Dake[52] 01998-09-05September 5, 1998 02000-09-07September 7, 2000 No
28 O-10General Williams, Michael J.Michael J. Williams[53] 02000-09-08September 8, 2000 02002-09-09September 9, 2002 No
29 O-10General Nyland, William L.William L. Nyland[54] 02002-09-10September 10, 2002 02005-09-07September 7, 2005 No
30 O-10General Magnus, RobertRobert Magnus[55] 02005-09-08September 8, 2005 02008-07-02July 2, 2008 No
31 O-10General Amos, James F.James F. Amos[56] 02008-07-03July 3, 2008 02010-10-22October 22, 2010 Yes
32 O-10General Dunford, Jr., Joseph F.Joseph F. Dunford, Jr.[57] 02010-10-23October 23, 2010 02012-12-15December 15, 2012
33 O-10General Paxton, Jr., John M.John M. Paxton, Jr.[58] 02012-12-15December 15, 2012 incumbent

Timeline

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DateFormat = yyyy Period = from:1910 till:2020 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1910

Define $now = 2013

Colors =

 id:cmc	value:rgb(1,0,0)	legend: CMC
 id:acmc	value:rgb(0,0,1)	legend: ACMC
 id:time	value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9)	

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 color:time
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bar:dwilliams
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bar:holcomb
bar:hsmith
bar:vandegrift
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PlotData=

 width:6 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till
 barset:PM
bar:biddle       from: 1911 till: 1914  color:cmc      text:Biddle
bar:cole         from: 1911 till: 1915  color:acmc     text:Cole
bar:barnett      from: 1914 till: 1920  color:cmc      text:Barnett
bar:lejeune      from: 1915 till: 1917  color:acmc
bar:lejeune      from: 1920 till: 1929  color:cmc      text:Lejeune
bar:long         from: 1917 till: 1920  color:acmc     text:Long
bar:neville      from: 1920 till: 1923  color:acmc
bar:neville      from: 1929 till: 1930  color:cmc      text:Neville
bar:feland       from: 1923 till: 1925  color:acmc     text:Feland
bar:dwilliams    from: 1925 till: 1928  color:acmc     text:D. Williams
bar:fuller       from: 1928 till: 1930  color:acmc
bar:fuller       from: 1930 till: 1933  color:cmc      text:Fuller
bar:myers        from: 1930 till: 1933  color:acmc     text:Myers
bar:russell      from: 1933 till: 1934  color:acmc
bar:russell      from: 1934 till: 1936  color:cmc      text:Russell
bar:mcdougal     from: 1934 till: 1935  color:acmc     text:McDougal
bar:little       from: 1935 till: 1937  color:acmc     text:Little
bar:holcomb      from: 1936 till: 1944  color:cmc      text:Holcomb
bar:hsmith       from: 1939 till: 1940  color:acmc     text:H. Smith
bar:vandegrift	  from: 1940 till: 1941  color:acmc
bar:vandegrift	  from: 1944 till: 1948  color:cmc	text:Vandegrift
bar:barrett      from: 1941 till: 1942  color:acmc     text:Barrett
bar:keyser       from: 1942 till: 1943  color:acmc     text:Kyser
bar:schmidt      from: 1942 till: 1943  color:acmc     text:Schmidt
bar:rockey       from: 1943 till: 1944  color:acmc     text:Rockey
bar:peck         from: 1944 till: 1945  color:acmc     text:Peck
bar:turnage      from: 1945 till: 1946  color:acmc     text:Turnage
bar:shepherd	  from: 1946 till: 1948  color:acmc
bar:shepherd	  from: 1952 till: 1956  color:cmc	text:Shepard
bar:cates	  from: 1948 till: 1952  color:cmc	text:Cates
bar:osmith       from: 1948 till: 1950  color:acmc     text:O. Smith
bar:silverthorn  from: 1950 till: 1952  color:acmc     text:Silverthorn
bar:thomas       from: 1952 till: 1954  color:acmc     text:Thomas
bar:pate	  from: 1954 till: 1956  color:acmc
bar:pate	  from: 1956 till: 1960  color:cmc	text:Pate
bar:megee        from: 1956 till: 1957  color:acmc     text:Megee
bar:mccaul       from: 1957 till: 1960  color:acmc     text:McCaul
bar:shoup	  from: 1960 till: 1964  color:cmc	text:Shoup
bar:munn         from: 1960 till: 1963  color:acmc     text:Munn
bar:hayes        from: 1963 till: 1965  color:acmc     text:Hayes
bar:greene	  from: 1964 till: 1968  color:cmc	text:Greene
bar:mangrum      from: 1965 till: 1967  color:acmc     text:Mangrum
bar:chapman	  from: 1967 till: 1968  color:acmc
bar:chapman	  from: 1968 till: 1972  color:cmc	text:Chapman
bar:walt	  from: 1969 till: 1971  color:acmc	text:Walt
bar:mccutcheon	  from: 1971 till: 1971  color:acmc	text:McCutcheon
bar:rdavis       from: 1971 till: 1972  color:acmc	text:R. Davis
bar:cushman	  from: 1971 till: 1975  color:cmc	text:Cushman
bar:anderson	  from: 1972 till: 1975  color:acmc	text:Anderson
bar:wilson	  from: 1975 till: 1979  color:cmc	text:Wilson
bar:jaskilka	  from: 1976 till: 1978  color:acmc	text:Jaskilka
bar:barrow	  from: 1978 till: 1979  color:acmc
bar:barrow	  from: 1979 till: 1983  color:cmc	text:Barrow
bar:mclennan	  from: 1979 till: 1981  color:acmc	text:McLennan
bar:kelley	  from: 1981 till: 1983  color:acmc
bar:kelley	  from: 1983 till: 1987  color:cmc	text:Kelly
bar:jdavis       from: 1983 till: 1986  color:acmc	text:J. Davis
bar:morgan	  from: 1986 till: 1988  color:acmc	text:Morgan
bar:gray	  from: 1987 till: 1991  color:cmc	text:Gray
bar:went	  from: 1988 till: 1990  color:acmc	text:Went
bar:dailey	  from: 1990 till: 1992  color:acmc	text:Dailey
bar:mundy	  from: 1991 till: 1995  color:cmc	text:Mundy
bar:boomer	  from: 1992 till: 1994  color:acmc	text:Boomer
bar:hearney	  from: 1994 till: 1996  color:acmc	text:Hearney
bar:krulak	  from: 1995 till: 1999  color:cmc	text:Krulak
bar:neal	  from: 1996 till: 1998  color:acmc	text:Neal
bar:dake	  from: 1998 till: 2000  color:acmc	text:Dake
bar:jones	  from: 1999 till: 2003  color:cmc	text:Jones
bar:mwilliams    from: 2000 till: 2002  color:acmc	text:M. Williams
bar:nyland	  from: 2002 till: 2005  color:acmc	text:Nyland
bar:hagee	  from: 2003 till: 2006  color:cmc	text:Hagee
bar:magnus	  from: 2005 till: 2008  color:acmc	text:Magnus
bar:conway	  from: 2006 till: 2010  color:cmc	text:Conway
bar:amos	  from: 2008 till: 2010  color:acmc
bar:amos	  from: 2010 till: $now  color:cmc	text:Amos
bar:dunford	  from: 2010 till: 2012  color:acmc	text:Dunford
bar:paxton	  from: 2012 till: $now  color:acmc	text:Paxton

See also

References

General
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