World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Atlantic pockets

Article Id: WHEBN0038568006
Reproduction Date:

Title: Atlantic pockets  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dieppe Raid, List of Commando raids on the Atlantic Wall, Leeds Blitz, Battle of Rotterdam, Battle of the Afsluitdijk
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Atlantic pockets

During the final years of World War II, the Atlantic pockets were the final pockets of resistance of the Wehrmacht in occupied France. On 19 January 1944 Adolf Hitler declared fourteen places along the Atlantic Wall to be fortresses (festungen) to be held until the last man—the so-called Atlantikfestungen. Their purpose was to prevent the Allies from re-supplying their armies after the invasion of France and to secure the continued use of submarines in the Battle of the Atlantic. The last such pocket surrendered on 11 May 1945, three days after the capitulation of Germany.

In his directive of 19 January 1944, Alfred Jodl established the Atlantic fortresses in four sectors:

Subsequent to the Allied invasion on 6 June, Jodl issued further directives on 17 August and 4 September, specifying the need to defend Calais and Walcheren.

After the liberation of Brest on 19 September 1944, the Allies decided to lay siege to the remaining pockets and not to take them by force. Only Royan was subsequently assaulted, falling to French forces on 20 April 1945 during the siege of La Rochelle, which did not itself capitulate until 8 May. The remaining pockets were:

  • Channel Islands (surrendered 9 May 1945)
  • Dunkirk (besieged since 15 September, surrendered 9 May 1945)
  • Lorient (besieged since 12 August, surrendered 10 May 1945)
  • Saint-Nazaire (besieged since 27 August, surrendered 11 May 1945)

References

  • Rémy Desquesnes. Les poches de résistance allemandes sur le littoral français : août 1944 – mai 1945. Rennes: Éd. Ouest-France, 2011. ISBN 978-2-7373-4685-9
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.