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Aures

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Title: Aures  
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Subject: Algeria, Tifinagh, 944, Folk costume, Ifriqiya, Abu Yazid, Batna, Algeria, Chenouas, Kutama, Berber mythology
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Aures

Template:Infobox mountain range

The Aurès, (Berber: Awras, Latin: Aurasium,[1] Arabic: جبال الأوراس‎) is an eastern prolongation of the Atlas Mountain System that lies to the east of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria and northwestern Tunisia.

The rugged terrain of the Aurès mountains is one of the less developed areas in the Maghreb.

Geography

Not as tall as the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, the Aurès mountains are the eastern continuation of the Saharan Atlas. The highest peak, at 2328 m, is the Djebel Chélia in Khenchela Province.

History

Historically, the Aurès served as a refuge for the Berber tribes, forming a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals, Byzantine, and Arabs.[2] It was also a district of French Algeria that existed during and after the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962. It was in this region that Algerian War of Independence was started by Berber freedom fighters.

Population

In eastern Algeria the Aurès is a large Berber language speaking region, home of the Chaoui people. The Chaoui eastern Berber population practices traditional transhumance, farming fixed stone terraces in the mountains where they grow sorghum, as well as other grains and vegetables. Seasonally they move their cattle to relatively warm areas in the lowland valleys where they pitch tents or live in other temporary structures and tend livestock through the winter.[3]

References

External links

  • Les Aurès - Algérie (French). Includes many photos of the region.

Template:Mountains of Algeria Template:Major African geological formations

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