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Aviaarktika

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Title: Aviaarktika  
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Aviaarktika

Aviaarktika
Commenced operations September 1, 1930 (1930-09-01)
Ceased operations January 3, 1960 (1960-01-03)
(absorbed into Aeroflot)
Operating bases
Fleet size See Fleet below
Headquarters
Key people Mark Shevelev

Aviaarktika was a Soviet airline which started operations on 1 September 1930 and was absorbed by Aeroflot on 3 January 1960.

History

Aviaarktika was the flying branch of the Department of Polar Aviation of Glavsevmorput. Its first head was Mark Shevelev and it was originally based in Krasnoyarsk. It moved to Moscow in 1932.

Aviarktika established routes along the rivers and lakes of Siberia and Northern Russia; the Ob River with a base at Omsk, on the Irtysh and Yenisei rivers, with a base at Krasnoyarsk, on the Angara near Lake Baikal at Irkutsk, and at Yakutsk on the Lena.

Fleet

Aviaarktika Tupolev ANT-4 at the Ulyanovsk Aircraft Museum

Initially Aviaarktika flew the Junkers F.13 floatplane and six Dornier Wal flying boats. By 1933 there were 42 aircraft including Tupolev ANT-4 and ANT-6's.

AVIAARKTIKA Tupolev ANT-4, CCCP-H317, currently located at the Ulyanovsk Aircraft Museum in Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Airport (Central) (UWLL), is the only surviving example of the ANT-4. CCCP-H317 crash-landed in Siberian tundra in 1944 and was recovered 39 years later and restored for the museum.[1]

Accidents and incidents

November 1945
Douglas C-47 CCCP-N362 force-landed near Tiksi due to fuel exhaustion, causing wing and landing gear damage; there were no casualties. The aircraft was possibly written off.[2]
25 December 1945
A Douglas C-47 crashed on takeoff from Dudinka due to an in-flight fire, killing all 10 on board.[3]
13 December 1946
Focke-Wulf Fw 200C-3 CCCP-N400 force-landed on the ice off Ostrov Litne, Yamalsky District due to engine problems; all 21 on board survived, but the aircraft, operating an Igarka-Arkhangelsk passenger service, was written off.[4]
23 April 1950
Focke-Wulf Fw 200C-4 CCCP-N500 overran the runway while landing at Yakutsk Airport in a crosswind, causing the left landing gear to collapse and damaging the left wing and both left side engines; there were no casualties, but the aircraft was written off.[5]
7 November 1950
Lisunov PS-84 CCCP-N359 struck ice hummocks and crashed while attempting to take off from Polar Station SP-2.[6]
1954
Douglas R4D-5 CCCP-N417 crashed on landing at Polar Station SP-3, Antarctica after the landing gear struck an ice ridge and landed on its belly; the fuselage was used as a sauna and eventually sank. The aircraft was originally used by the US Navy for Operation Ski Jump, carrying out landings on drifting ice; the aircraft was abandoned after the landing gear collapsed on one of these flights and was found and repaired by the Soviets in May 1954.[7]
4 March 1955
Ilyushin Il-12 CCCP-N479 force-landed near Kepino, Arkhangelsk Region due to an engine fire; killing four of 25 on board.[8]
26 May 1955
Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-N535 crashed on a drifting ice floe in the central Arctic Basin; all 10 passengers and crew on board survived and were evacuated; but the aircraft was set on fire and abandoned.[9] The wreck was later spotted on December 11, 1959 by the Icelandic Coast Guard.
11 September 1956
Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-N584 crashed near Cherepovets Airport at night during a training flight, killing the four crew.[10]
February 1958
Lisunov Li-2V CCCP-N496 stalled and crashed on takeoff from Mirny Ice Station, Antarctica; the aircraft participated in the 3rd Soviet Antarctic expedition in 1958.[11]
2 May 1958
Antonov An-2 CCCP-N588 crashed 38 mi from Igarka, killing the three crew.[12]

References

  1. ^ http://www.airliners.net/photo/AVIAARKTIKA/Tupolev-ANT-4/1528177/M/
  2. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N362 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2 July 2012.
  3. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2 July 2013.
  4. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N400 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 July 2014.
  5. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N500 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2 July 2013.
  6. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N359 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 August 2014.
  7. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N417 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2 July 2013.
  8. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N479 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 July 2014.
  9. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N535 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 August 2014.
  10. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N584 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 July 2014.
  11. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N496 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 August 2014.
  12. ^ Accident description for CCCP-N500 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 July 2014.
  • "Aeroflot: An Airline and its Aircraft", from Paladwr Press, Oct 1992 by R.E.G. Davies, (Curator of Air Transport at the Smithsonian), ISBN 0-9626483-1-0, ISBN 978-0-9626483-1-1
  • "Aeroflot: Soviet air transport since 1923" Putnam (1975) Hugh MacDonald, ISBN 0-370-00117-6, ISBN 978-0-370-00117-3

External links

  • Soviet Arctic Aerial Exploration
  • Rossica Journal Number 128-129 dated October 1997


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