World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Brezalauspurc

Article Id: WHEBN0025701560
Reproduction Date:

Title: Battle of Brezalauspurc  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Bavaria, History of Bratislava, Duchy of Bavaria, Archduchy of Austria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Battle of Brezalauspurc

Battle of Pozsony
Part of the Hungarian Conquest
Date 4-7 July 907
Location Brezalauspurc, modern-day Bratislava, Slovakia or Zalavár (Moosburg) next to Lake Balaton, Hungary
Result Decisive Hungarian victory
East Francia Hungarian tribes
Commanders and leaders
Louis the Child
Luitpold, Margrave of Bavaria 
Árpád, Grand Prince
c. 100,000 c. 35,000
Casualties and losses
Heavy, among other losses: Archbishop Theotmar of Salzburg, 3 bishops and 35 counts Not significant

Battle of Pressburg[1] (German: Schlacht von Pressburg) or Battle of Bratislava (Slovak: Bitka pri Bratislave) or Battle of Pozsony (Hungarian: Pozsonyi csata) refers to a battle fought on 4 July 907, during which a Bavarian army led by Margrave Luitpold was defeated by Hungarian forces under Grand Prince Árpád.[1] In consequence, the Kingdom of East Francia lost control over the Carolingian March of Pannonia including the territory of the later marchia orientalis, which was not regained until the Battle of Lechfeld in 955.


In 901 the East Frankish king Louis the Child had concluded a peace agreement with Mojmir II, the last known ruler of the disintegrating Great Moravian realm. While the Magyars invaded the Moravian core territory, they had to face continuous threat by the forces of Margrave Luitpold operating at the frontier of the Pannonian march. During negotiations in 904 the Bavarians killed the Hungarian prince Kurszán—which ultimatively strengthened Árpád's position, who became sole chieftain of the Magyar tribes.

Encouraged by several minor military victories over retiring Hungarian forces, Luitpold in 907 called for concentrating a large Bavarian army (Heerbann) around Enns Castle in order to score a decisive victory against the Hungarians, who already formed an important principality in the Pannonian Basin. The margrave at least intended to secure the eastern border of the his lands, if not to extend the East Frankish (German) sphere of control.


The order of the events is scarcely documented and has been reshaped several times during centuries-long historiography as by Johannes Aventinus (1477–1534). The Bavarian army supposedly included more than 100,000 soldiers, which is almost certainly an exaggeration typical of the time. Árpád's army was only around 30-35,000. Few medieval armies are known to have exceeded 10,000.

Luitpold's forces consisting of three battle groups succumbed to the Eurasian nomad tactics of the mounted Magyar soldiers. In a storm of arrows, a large part of the Bavarian army was kettled in, crushed and destroyed. The German casualties included Margrave Luitpold himself, the Salzburg archbishop Theotmar, Bishop Utto of Freising, Bishop Zechariah of Säben-Brixen and 35 Bavarian counts.[2]


The precise location of this battle is not known.[3] The only contemporary source mentioning a location of the battle are the Annales iuvavenses maximi (Annals of Salzburg); however, the reliability of these annals is questionable, as they survive only in fragments copied in the 12th century.[4] According to the annals the battle took place in the vicinity of Brezalauspurc, the castle of the late Pannonian prince Braslav, located west of Lake Balaton.[5] Some interpretations equal Brezalauspurc with modern-day Bratislava or east of Vienna[6] while others claim that it was Urbs Paludarum - Braslav's fortress at Zalavár (Mosapurc) near Lake Balaton in Pannonia.[7]


The Hungarian victory stabilized the situation of the Hungarian state. Germans were unable to attack Hungary for more than 100 years.[8] The Hungarian threat to the emerging German kingdom persisted for decades.

After the Battle, the Hungarians occupied the former March of Pannonia from Lake Balaton up the Enns River in the west and began pillaging the surrounding regions. The Hungarians constantly pillaged western Europe until 955, when a German force in an open battle at Lechfeld near Augsburg, defeated a larger Hungarian army.

Notes and references

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.