World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Batumi

Article Id: WHEBN0000044293
Reproduction Date:

Title: Batumi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Adjara, Nadejda Ostrovskaya, Georgia (country), European Youth Chess Championship, Tbilisi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Batumi

Batumi
ბათუმი
Batumi downtown
Batumi downtown
Flag of Batumi
Flag
Coat of arms of Batumi
Coat of arms
Batumi
Batumi
Location of Batumi in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country Georgia
Autonomous republic Adjara
Founded 8th century
City status 1866
Government
 • Mayor Giorgi Ermakovi[1]
Area
 • Total 64.9 km2 (25.1 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 190,405
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Postal code 6000-6010
Area code(s) (+995) 422
Website Official website

Batumi ([2]

History

Early history

Batumi is located on the site of the kingdom of Georgia which succeeded it.

From 1010, it was governed by the kings of Imereti. A curious incident occurred in 1444 when the Burgundian flotilla, after a failed crusade against the Ottoman Empire, penetrated the Black Sea and engaged in piracy along its eastern coastline until the Burgundians under the knight Geoffroy de Thoisy were ambushed during their landing raid at the port of Vaty, as Europeans then knew Batumi. De Thoisy was taken captive and released through the mediation of the emperor John IV of Trebizond.

In the 15th century in the reign of the prince Kakhaber Gurieli, the Islamisation of the hitherto Christian region began, but terminated and to a great degree reversed, after the area was re-annexed to Russian Imperial Georgia in the mid 19th century.

Imperial Russian rule

Detail from a map of Antonio Zatta, 1784, depicting Georgian principality of Guria and its major town Batumi.
Port of Batumi in 1881

In 1878, Batumi was annexed by the Russian Empire in accordance with Treaty of San Stefano between Russia and the Ottoman Empire (ratified on March 23). Occupied by the Russians on August 28, 1878, the town was declared a free port until 1886. It functioned as a center of a special military district until being incorporated in the Government of Kutaisi on June 12, 1883. Finally, on June 1, 1903, with the Okrug of Artvin, it was established as the region (oblast) of Batumi placed under the direct control of the General Government of Georgia.

The expansion of Batumi began in 1883 with the construction of the Batumi-Tiflis-Baku railway completed in 1900 and by the finishing of the Baku-Batumi pipe-line. Henceforth Batumi became the chief Russian oil port in the Black Sea. The town expanded to an extraordinary extent and the population increased very rapidly: 8,671 inhabitants in 1882, and 12,000 in 1889. By 1902 there were 16000 in the port, 1000 worked in the refinery for Baron Rothschild's Caspian and Black Sea oil company.[3]

War, Communism and independence

During 1901, 16 years prior to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gave the city back to the Ottoman Empire; unrest led to Turkish forces' re-entry in April 1918, followed by British forces in December, who stayed until July 1920. Kemal Atatürk then ceded it to the Bolsheviks, on the condition that it be granted autonomy, for the sake of the Muslims among Batumi's mixed population.

When the Rose Revolution in Tbilisi.

Present day

Batumi today is one of the main port cities of Georgia. It has the capacity for 80,000-tonne tankers to take materials such as oil which is shipped through Georgia from Central Asia. Additionally the city exports regional agricultural products. Since 1995 the freight conversion of the port has constantly risen, with an approximate 8 million tonnes in 2001. The annual revenue from the port is estimated at between $200 million and $300 million.

Since the change of power in Ajara, Batumi has attracted several international investors with real estate prices in the city trebling since 2001. Several new hotels opened after 2009, first the Sheraton in 2010 and the Radisson Blu in 2011. The Trump-tower and the Kempinski will open 2013.

Batumi was also host to the Russian [4]

In July 2007, the seat of the Constitutional Court of Georgia was moved from Tbilisi to Batumi in an attempt to further facilitate the regional development.[5]

In 2013 Year, TAM GEO LLC announced investing $70 million to starting of construction 170 meters height, 45 storey mix-used complex [6]

Climate

Batumi lies at the southern periphery of the oceanic climate, but it is classified as "Cfa" according to Köppen's classification. The city's climate is heavily influenced by the onshore flow from the Black Sea and is subject to the Caucasus Region.

The average annual temperature in Batumi is approximately 14 °C (57 °F). January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 7 °C (45 °F). August is the hottest month, with an average temperature of 22 °C (72 °F). The absolute minimum recorded temperature is −6 °C (21 °F), and the absolute maximum is 40 °C (104 °F). The number of days with daily temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) is 239. The city receives 1958 hours of sunshine per year.

Batumi's average annual precipitation is 2,718 mm (107.0 in). September is the wettest month with an average of 335 mm (13.2 in) of precipitation, while May is the driest, averaging 92 mm (3.6 in). Batumi generally does not receive significant amounts of snow (accumulating snowfall of more than 30 cm (11.8 in)), and the number of days with snow cover for the year is 12. The average level of relative humidity ranges from 70–80%.

Climate data for Batumi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25
(77)
26
(79)
28
(82)
32
(90)
33
(91)
36
(97)
40
(104)
37
(99)
34
(93)
31
(88)
30
(86)
28
(82)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
12
(54)
16
(61)
19
(66)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
23
(73)
19
(66)
16
(61)
12
(54)
17.8
(64)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7
(45)
7
(45)
9
(48)
12
(54)
16
(61)
20
(68)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
9
(48)
14.3
(58)
Average low °C (°F) 4
(39)
4
(39)
5
(41)
9
(48)
13
(55)
17
(63)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
6
(43)
11.2
(52)
Record low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−6
(21)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
5
(41)
8
(46)
11
(52)
11
(52)
10
(50)
5
(41)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
−6
(21)
Precipitation mm (inches) 281
(11.06)
228
(8.98)
174
(6.85)
122
(4.8)
92
(3.62)
163
(6.42)
182
(7.17)
255
(10.04)
335
(13.19)
306
(12.05)
304
(11.97)
276
(10.87)
2,718
(107.01)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 99 105 126 148 199 235 214 223 201 176 125 107 1,958
Source #1: weatherbase.com[7]
Source #2: [8]

Cityscape

Contemporary architecture

Street in Batumi
Batumi Neptun Square
Coasts of Batumi in summer
Sheraton Hotel and adjacent square
Batumi Freedom Square
Drama Theater Square

Batumi's skyline has been transformed since 2007 with remarkable buildings and monuments of contemporary architecture,[2] including:[9]

  • Radisson Blu hotel
  • Public Service Hall

A large Kempinski hotel and casino is to open in 2013, a Hilton Hotel as well as a 47-storey Trump Tower is also planned.[10]

Novelty architecture

Novelty architecture in Batumi includes:

Transportation

The city is served by Batumi Airport, one of three international airports in the country. A bike-sharing scheme named BatumVelo allows you to rent a bicycle on the street with a smart card.

Subdivisions

According to the March 31, 2008 decision of the Batumi City Council, Batumi is divided into seven boroughs, those of:

  • Old Batumi (ძველი ბათუმის უბანი)
  • Rustaveli (რუსთაველის უბანი)
  • Khimshiashvili (ხიმშიაშვილის უბანი)
  • Bagrationi (ბაგრატიონის უბანი)
  • Aghmashenebeli (აღმაშენებლის უბანი)
  • Javakhishvili (ჯავახიშვილის უბანი)
  • Tamar (თამარის უბანი)
  • Boni-Gorodok (ბონი-გოროდოკის უბანი)
  • Airport (აეროპორტის უბანი)
  • Gonio-Kvariati (გონიო-კვარიათის უბანი)
  • Kakhaberi (კახაბრის უბანი)
  • Batumi Industrial (ბათუმის სამრეწველო უბანი)
  • Green Cape (მწვანე კონცხის უბანი)[12]

Demographics and religion

Georgian Orthodox (former Catholic) Cathedral of the Mother of God

According to the 2002 Georgian census, Batumi had a population of 121,806 with population density of 7293.8 per km2. Ethnic groups include:

The majority of the inhabitants belong to the Orthodox Church, while there is a Sunni Muslim minority. Batumi is a home to Catholic, Armenian Apostolic, and Jewish communities. The places of worship in the city are:

Main sights

Attractions include

Postage stamps

International Relations

Twin towns - sister cities

Batumi is twinned with:[14][15]

Tourist Attractions

  • Batumi Boulevard
  • Batumi Botanical Gardens
  • Dancing Fountains, Batumi
  • Dolphinarium
  • Piazza Square
  • Panoramic Wheel
  • Astronomical clock
  • Argo Cable Car
  • 6 May Park
  • Europe Square
  • Alphabetic Tower
  • Batumi Sea Port
  • Miracle Park
  • Chacha Tower
  • Fountain Of Neptun
  • Batumi Archeological Museum
  • Monument Of Ilia Chavchavadze [17]

Notable people

Notable people who are from or have resided in Batumi:

References

  1. ^ Mayor of Batumi, retrieved 21 November, 2014
  2. ^ a b , September 9, 2010New York TimesDinah Spritzer, "Next Stop: Glamour revives port of Batumi", .
  3. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Young Stalin, page 77.
  4. ^ "Russia Hands Over Batumi Military Base to Georgia". Civil Georgia, Tbilisi. November 13, 2007. 
  5. ^ Constitutional Court of Georgia - Brief History
  6. ^ http://ghn.ge/news-93867.html Tam Geo LLC Reporting 13 MLN Dollar sprend
  7. ^ "Weatherbase". Retrieved April 6, 2009. 
  8. ^ "The duration of sunshine in some cities of the former USSR" (in Russian). Meteoweb.ru. Retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  9. ^ , Lonely PlanetGeorgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan
  10. ^ "TOURISM IS FLOURISHING IN BLACK SEA RESORT", AP, November 11, 2012
  11. ^ "Sheraton Hotels & Resorts Debuts in the Black Sea Resort Destination of Batumi", Starwood Hotels and Resorts site
  12. ^ (Georgian) დადგენილება N 3-1 ბათუმის უბნები (Decision #3.1. Boroughs of Batumi). Batumi City Council. Accessed November 15, 2009
  13. ^ "Batumi: sights". Official website of Batumi. Retrieved May 10, 2009. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Batumi - Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi City Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j ზოგადი ინფორმაცია / დამეგობრებული ქალაქები [in Georgian]
  16. ^ "Twinnings". Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  17. ^ Georgia Batumi
  • Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia. Georgian SSR (Supplementary Edition). 1981. pp. 16–18.

External links

  • Official website
  • Official Visitor Guide to Batumi
  • Batumi Photo Gallery

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.