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Title: Bayads  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mongols, Eastern Mongols, History of Mongolia, List of modern Mongol clans, Urad Mongols
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Mongolia 56,573[1]
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism , Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Oirat-Mongols, Mongols

The Bayad (Mongol: Баяд/Bayad, lit. "the Riches") is third largest subgroup of the Mongols in Mongolia and they are a tribe in Four Oirats. Bayids were a prominent clan within the Mongol Empire. Bayids can be found in both Mongolic and Turkic peoples. Within Mongols, the clan is spread through Khalkha, Inner Mongolians, Buryats and Oirats.


Mongol Empire c.1207

The Bayid are originated from Bayaud (Bayagud) tribes called Jida Bayagud (Bayaud of Jida river), Bayaud Duklas, Kheeriin Bayaud, who were inhabitants of eastern valleys of Selenge River. The Bayad Mongols were inhabitants of the Jida river, Selenge River valleys and Russian Kyakhtinsky District but they moved to the southwest in the 17th century.[2]

They played influential roles in the Mongol Empire, later becoming part of the Four Oirat Confederation.

Notable members

Localisation and Number

Now Bayid settled Hyargas, Malchin, Tes, Zuungov', Baruunturuun sumans of Ubs aymag and central aymags of Mongolia. 50 824 Bayid by the data of census of 2000.[3]


  1. ^ National Census 2010
  2. ^ History of Mongolia, Volume II, 2003
  3. ^ Хойт С.К. Последние данные по локализации и численности ойрат // Проблемы этногенеза и этнической культуры тюрко-монгольских народов. Вып. 2. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 136-157. - in russian


  • [ Хойт С.К. Антропологические характеристики калмыков по данным исследователей XVIII-XIX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 1. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 220-243.]
  • [ Хойт С.К. Калмыки в работах антропологов первой половины XX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 3, 2012. с. 215-245.]

See also

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