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Bayads

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Title: Bayads  
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Bayads

Bayad
Total population
56,573
Regions with significant populations
 Mongolia 56,573[1]
Languages
Oirat
Religion
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism , Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Oirat-Mongols, Mongols

The Bayad (Mongol: Баяд/Bayad, lit. "the Riches") is third largest subgroup of the Mongols in Mongolia and they are a tribe in Four Oirats. Bayids were a prominent clan within the Mongol Empire. Bayids can be found in both Mongolic and Turkic peoples. Within Mongols, the clan is spread through Khalkha, Inner Mongolians, Buryats and Oirats.

History

Mongol Empire c.1207

The Bayid are originated from Bayaud (Bayagud) tribes called Jida Bayagud (Bayaud of Jida river), Bayaud Duklas, Kheeriin Bayaud, who were inhabitants of eastern valleys of Selenge River. The Bayad Mongols were inhabitants of the Jida river, Selenge River valleys and Russian Kyakhtinsky District but they moved to the southwest in the 17th century.[2]

They played influential roles in the Mongol Empire, later becoming part of the Four Oirat Confederation.

Notable members

Localisation and Number

Now Bayid settled Hyargas, Malchin, Tes, Zuungov', Baruunturuun sumans of Ubs aymag and central aymags of Mongolia. 50 824 Bayid by the data of census of 2000.[3]

References

  1. ^ National Census 2010
  2. ^ History of Mongolia, Volume II, 2003
  3. ^ Хойт С.К. Последние данные по локализации и численности ойрат // Проблемы этногенеза и этнической культуры тюрко-монгольских народов. Вып. 2. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 136-157. - in russian

Literature

  • [hamagmongol.narod.ru/library/khoyt_2008_r.htm Хойт С.К. Антропологические характеристики калмыков по данным исследователей XVIII-XIX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 1. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 220-243.]
  • [hamagmongol.narod.ru/library/khoyt_2012_r.htm Хойт С.К. Калмыки в работах антропологов первой половины XX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 3, 2012. с. 215-245.]

See also

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