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Berserk (manga)

Berserk
Cover of the first Japanese manga volume, featuring the protagonist Guts
ベルセルク
(Beruseruku)
Genre Action, dark fantasy, horror, tragedy
Manga
Written by Kentaro Miura
Published by Hakusensha
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Jets Comics
Magazine Young Animal
Original run 1989 – ongoing
Volumes 37
Anime television series
Anime film series

Berserk (Japanese: ベルセルク Hepburn: Beruseruku) is a manga series written and illustrated by Kentaro Miura. Set in a medieval Europe-inspired dark fantasy world, the story centers on the characters of Guts, a lone mercenary, and Griffith, the leader of a mercenary band called the Band of the Hawk. Themes of isolation, camaraderie, and the question of whether humanity is fundamentally good or evil pervade the story, as it explores both the best and worst of human nature. Both the manga and anime are noted for their heavy violence.

Miura premiered a prototype of Berserk in 1988. The first volume of the manga was published on November 26, 1990 by Hakusensha in its Jets Comics collection. In 1992, after the publication of three more volumes, Berserk began serialization in Young Animal. The series was adapted into a twenty-five episode anime series covering the series' first story arc by Oriental Light and Magic from October 7, 1997 to March 31, 1998. A series of films, Berserk: The Golden Age Arc, were released beginning in 2012.

Contents

  • Plot 1
  • Manga 2
  • Adaptations 3
    • TV series 3.1
    • Music 3.2
    • Film series 3.3
    • Video games 3.4
    • Other merchandise 3.5
  • Reception 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Plot

Guts (ガッツ Gattsu) is a wandering warrior who was taken in by "Band of the Hawk" (鷹の団 Taka no Dan) under its leader Griffith and became its renowned raid leader. The Hawks play a pivotal role in ending the long war that has ravaged the country of Midland and are initially welcomed as heroes. However, Griffith's aspirations to rule his own kingdom are shattered when Guts, his right-hand man, leaves the Band of the Hawk to find his own dream. Unable to cope with the loss, Griffith seduces the King's daughter Charlotte. For his crime, he is imprisoned and tortured for a year until Guts (who had been unaware of the situation) returns and aids the remnants of the Band of the Hawk in rescuing him. Horribly mutilated by the various tortures, Griffith is rendered a shadow of his former self, unable to speak and hardly able to move. The weight of his suffering proves too much for Griffith, and he accidentally summons the archdemons known as the God Hand. Urged onward by the eldritch beings, Griffith sacrifices his soldiers to the God Hand's apostles—humans who sacrificed their loved ones and humanity for power—so that he can become a member of the God Hand himself. After witnessing the brutal slaughter of their comrades, Guts loses his left forearm and right eye whilst his lover Casca is brutally raped in front of him by the reborn Griffith. Shortly before the two are killed, they are rescued by the mysterious Skull Knight, a supernatural being of immense power that seeks to destroy the God Hand. Leaving the traumatized Casca in the care of Rickert, one of the sole survivors of the Band of the Hawk, and the blacksmith Godo, Guts begins hunting down Apostles in search of revenge against Griffith, though his Brand of Sacrifice made him a target for restless spirits that hunt him nightly.

Years after beginning his journey, joined by the elf Puck whose company he eventually accepts, Guts is later reunited with Casca as she is about to be burned as a witch in the city of St. Albion. There, encountering Farnese of the Holy See Church's Holy Iron Chain Knights, Guts finds himself going through a nightmarish ordeal that ends in Griffith's physical form restored. As Guts takes Casca to the Elven realm of Elfhelm for sanctuary with the help of his new companions, Griffith creates a second Band of the Hawk to battle the invading Kushan army. The war between Griffith and the Kushan emperor, a rogue apostle, climaxes with the emperor's destruction and the overlapping of the mortal realm and the supernatural. No longer challenged by demon or man, Griffith establishes his rule over Midland with the endorsement of the Pope and Princess Charlotte, creating the city of Falconia to provide the Midlanders with refuge from the ever-increasing attacks of mythical beasts.

Manga

Miura first premiered Berserk in 1988 with a 48-page prototype, which won a prize at the Comi Manga School he was enrolled in at the time. On November 26, 1990, the first volume of the manga was published by Hakusensha in its Jets Comics collection. Three more volumes appeared until Berserk was serialized by Young Animal (Hakusensha) in 1992 and new chapters are still being released in the biweekly magazine. Bound volumes are still published biannually in Japan by Hakusensha (Jets Comics collection); as of March 2013, 37 tankōbon of the manga have been published in Japan. The manga has published on an irregular schedule since late 2006.

In North America and the United Kingdom, the manga is translated and co-published between Dark Horse Comics and Digital Manga Publishing, which has released 37 volumes so far, the first on October 22, 2003. The series has also been published in France by Samourai Editions, Dynamic Visions and Glénat, in Spain by MangaLine Ediciones, in the Netherlands by Glénat, in South Korea by Dai Won, in Italy, Germany, Brazil, and Mexico by Panini Comics, and in Poland by J.P.Fantastica.

Adaptations

TV series

Produced by OLM, the 25-episode TV anime series adaptation Berserk: Kenpū Denki (剣風伝奇ベルセルク Kenpū Denki Beruseruku, lit., "Berserk: Sword-Wind Tales") first aired from October 7, 1997 to March 31, 1998. The series begins with the Black Swordsman arc, continuing through the Golden Age arc. Though the manga storyline remains largely intact, many changes were made, with the modification or elimination of characters (one notable example being Puck), some of the series' most violent and brutal scenes, and material that would have extended the storyline beyond the planned run of the anime series. Themes of friendship and ambition are more developed and emphasized than those of causality and the supernatural, all of which were made with the approval of series creator Kentarō Miura.

In Asia, Vap Video has released thirteen VHS and twelve VCD including two episodes each (a single one in the last VHS and three in the last VCD) from 1998 to 1999 in Japan. The seven discs "DVD-BOX", using Audio-CD cases, was released in Japan in 2001, with the seven volumes being re-released later in individual DVD regular cases in 2003.

Music

Susumu Hirasawa participated in the soundtracks for all adaptations of the manga, using an eclectic selection of instruments. He received the offer to compose music for the series due to Miura being a fan of his works and listening to them while he works on Berserk, that also led to Miura almost never requesting a specific composition to Hirasawa. Hirasawa has said that Berserk does not feel like a self-restrained story, and that composing for the series is similar to the sensation of unlocking one of his inner restraints, leading to compositions on a "Berserk" style.[1][2] Hirasawa has made five songs with lyrics for the series, the last two of them were written in a language Hirasawa created by mixing elements of Thai, German and Latin together.[3] Besides Hirasawa, the video games and film trilogy feature work by composers Masaya Imoto, Hiromi Murakami, Shinya Chikamori, Hiroshi Watanabe, Yasushi Hasegawa, Tomoyo Nishimoto and Shirō Sagisu; the anime and the film trilogy feature theme songs by PENPALS, Silver Fins, AI and CHEMISTRY.

Film series

In September 2010, a wraparound jacket band on volume 35 of the Berserk manga announced a new anime project,[4] which was later revealed to be a series of films.[5] The first two films, Berserk: Golden Age Arc I - The Egg of the King and Berserk: Golden Age Arc II - The Battle for Doldrey, were released in Japan in February and June 2012. Berserk: Golden Age Arc III - The Advent was released on February 1, 2013 in Japan.[6][7]

The voice cast features Hiroaki Iwanaga as Guts (replacing Nobutoshi Canna from the original anime), Takahiro Sakurai as Griffith (replacing Toshiyuki Morikawa), and Toa Yukinari as Casca (replacing Yuko Miyamura).[8][9] The English voice cast features Marc Diraison as Guts, Kevin T. Collins as Griffith, and Carrie Keranen as Casca, all reprising their roles from the original anime.

Video games

Two video games based on Berserk have been developed by Yuke's. The first game, Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage (ベルセルク 千年帝国の鷹篇 喪失花の章 Beruseruku Sennen Teikoku No Taka Hen Wasurebana no Shō, Berserk Millennium Falcon Arc: Chapter of the Lost Flowers), was released for the Dreamcast in Japan by ASCII Corporation in late 1999.[10] It was localized in western regions early the following year by Eidos Interactive.[11] The second game, Berserk: Millennium Falcon Hen Seima Senki no Shō (ベルセルク 千年帝国の鷹篇 聖魔戦記の章 Beruseruku Sennen Teikoku No Taka Hen Seima Senki no Shō, Berserk Millennium Falcon Arc: Chapter of the Record of the Holy Demon War), was published by Sammy Corporation exclusively in Japan on the PlayStation 2 in 2004.[12]

Other merchandise

In addition to video games and game guidebooks, Berserk has spurred on a range of different merchandise, from lighters to keyrings to Kubrick. Statues and action figures are produced by Art of War. A Berserk trading card game was released by Konami in Japan.[13] A figure of Guts was released by Max Factory in its Figma line in January 2012. Guts was a combatant in the popular web series Death Battle, where he was pitted against the antagonist of the Soulcalibur video games, Nightmare, and won.[14]

Reception

As of July 2015, the manga has sold 27 million volumes in Japan and 8 million overseas.[15] The manga has won the Award for Excellence at the sixth installment of Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize in 2002.[16]

References

  1. ^ 【映画パンフレット】 『ベルセルク 黄金時代篇I 覇王の卵 (in Japanese). 2012.  
  2. ^ Aria" Interview""". Hirasawa Lyrics. 
  3. ^ "サイン / Sain / Sign". Hirasawa Lyrics. 
  4. ^ "New Berserk Anime Project Launching (Updated)".  
  5. ^ "Berserk's Golden Age Arc to Be Made Into 3 Anime Films".  
  6. ^ "1st Berserk Anime Film's Title Revealed".  
  7. ^ "Berserk Anime's 2nd, 3rd Films to Open in 2012".  
  8. ^ "Berserk Film Slated for Next January".  
  9. ^ "2012 Berserk Film Trilogy's Main Cast, Staff Listed".  
  10. ^ Williamson, Colin (December 21, 1999). "Berserk (Import)".  
  11. ^ White, Matt (January 18, 2000). Gets A US Release Date"Berserk".  
  12. ^ IGN staff (October 11, 2004). "Now Playing In Japan".  
  13. ^ "Berserk Trading Card Game". BoardGameGeek. Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Guts VS Nightmare DEATH BATTLE!". www.screwattack.com. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  15. ^ "Berserk Manga Has 27 Million Copies in Print in Japan, 8 Million Overseas".  
  16. ^ 第6回 マンガ優秀賞 三浦建太郎 『ベルセルク』 (in Japanese).  

External links

  • (Japanese) Berserk official page
  • (Japanese) Berserk Films official site
  • Digital Manga Publishing page for Berserk
  • Art of War - Official Berserk merchandise
  • Berserk (manga) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
  • Berserk (anime) at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
  • Berserk at the Internet Movie Database
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