World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003668100
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bibingka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Philippine cuisine, Puto, Congee, Kutsinta, The Park's Finest
Collection: Christmas Food, Philippine Desserts, Philippine Rice Dishes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A large bibingka topped with grated coconut
Course Dessert, breakfast
Place of origin Philippines
Serving temperature Hot or warm
Main ingredients Rice flour, water or coconut milk
Variations Bibingka Galapong, Bibingkang Malagkit, Cassava Bibingka, Bibingkang Mandaue
Cookbook: Bibingka 

Bibingka is a type of rice cake from the Philippines traditionally eaten during the Christmas season.


  • Preparation 1
  • Taste and texture 2
  • Origins and variations 3
  • Bibingka in Filipino culture 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Bibingka is made with rice flour and coconut milk or water. Other ingredients can vary greatly, but the most common secondary ingredients are eggs and milk. The traditional preparation is very time-consuming. A specially made terra cotta container is lined with a single large section of a banana leaf. It is placed over preheated coals and the rice flour and water mixture is poured into it, taking care not to spill it into the container itself. Another piece of banana leaf is added to the top and covered with more preheated coals.

Commercial bibingka in banana leaf liner showing the distinctive notched edges
Bibingka Galapong cooked with slices of salted egg with toppings of grated coconut and kesong puti.

The end result is a soft and spongy large flat cake that is slightly charred on both surfaces and infused with the unique aroma of toasted banana leaves. Toppings are then added, usually consisting of butter/margarine, sugar, cheese, or grated coconut. Other more uncommon toppings include pinipig (pounded immature rice grains), pineapple, and salted duck eggs.[1] A mixture of two or more of these toppings on a single bibingka are also common. Bibingka with sumptuous amounts of toppings (and ingredients) are sometimes called bibingka especial.

More modern methods involve bibingka being baked in an actual oven inside a caldero or ordinary cake pans. The result lacks the distinctive smoky smell of charcoal but is otherwise the same, especially if banana leaves are also used to line it. Mass-produced bibingka in Philippine bakeries are also made using characteristic tin molds that give them a crenelated shape similar to large puto or puto mamon (cupcakes).

Bibingka is best served hot. Large bibingka can be sliced (or torn) into several wedges and can serve 4 to 6 people.

Taste and texture

Bibingka has a soft spongy texture similar to puto, another Philippine rice cake. It is eaten hot or warm and is slightly sweet with a taste very similar to rice pudding. The top and bottom surfaces (including the traditional banana leaf lining) are also usually charred, adding to the flavor.

Origins and variations

Bibingka is also used as a general term for desserts made with flour and baked in the same manner. The term can be loosely translated to "[rice] cake". It originally referred primarily to bibingka galapong, the most common type of bibingka made with rice flour. Other native Philippine cakes have also sometimes been called bibingka. These may use other kinds of flour, such as corn flour, cassava flour, or plain flour, and are usually considered separate dishes altogether.[2] Bibingka can also be made with uncommon ingredients, including chocolate. According to the anthropologist E. Arsenio Manuel, bibingka, like biko (another Philippine dessert made from glutinous rice), is the result of Chinese influence on Filipino culture. The name comes from the Hokkien root word "bi" (米, 'uncooked grain').[3]

Despite the similarity in name, the Philippine bibingka is not the same as the Goan dessert called bebinca or bibik, which is a type of layered pudding and made with regular flour.

Most varieties of bibingka differ only from the type of toppings they use. The common types of bibingka are listed below:

  • Bibingka galapóng is the traditional form of bibingka made from tamod.[4] It was originally made simply with rice flour and water.
  • Bibingkang malagkít is made from glutinous rice flour.[4] It is moist and is usually served sliced into square blocks.
  • Bibingkang Mandaue (Mandaue-style Bibingka) are bibingka from Mandaue, Cebu. It is traditionally made with tubâ (a liquor made from Arecaceae sap) which gives it a slightly acidic aftertaste. Nowadays, tubâ is often substituted with yeast.[5]
  • Bibinkang kamoteng kahoy is made from cassava flour, and resembles pudding the most. However, it is more widely known simply as cassava cake.[2]
Bibingka from Tagaytay
Bibingkang Malagkit made from glutinous rice flour.
Bibingka Galapong with salted duck eggs.
Special bibingka from Baliuag, Bulacan.

Bibingka in Filipino culture

Bibingka is a traditional Philippine Christmastime food. It is usually eaten along with puto bumbóng right after the Simbang Gabi ('Night mass', the Filipino version of Misa de Gallo).[1] They are sold outside of churches during the nine-day novena for worshippers to eat for breakfast.

As of October 9, 2007, the town of Dingras, Ilocos Norte in the Philippines is expecting a Guinness World Records certification after baking a kilometer-long cassava bibingka made from 1,000 kilos of cassava and eaten by 1,000 residents.[6] Also, in the municipality of Baliuag, Bulacan, bibingka is served alongside with salabat (ginger tisane) and the stores selling them serves them for free.

See also


  1. ^ a b Jun Belen (20 December 2010). "Feeling Sentimental and How to Make Bibingka (Christmas Rice Cakes)". Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Connie Veneracion (March 2, 2007). "Cassava bibingka with custard topping". Casa Veneracion. Retrieved January 10, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Sweet and Sticky Pinoy Treats: Our Top 10 Kakanin". 22 June 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Bibingkang Galapong and Bibingkang Malagkit – Triumph & Disaster". 25 August 2006. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Bibingkang Mandaue". 17 October 2006. Retrieved January 6, 2011. 
  6. ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Ilocos Norte town makes 'longest bibingka'

External links

  • Bibingka | Filipino Recipe
  • Homemade "Bibingka" Galapong
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.