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Bicentennial of the Encyclopædia Britannica

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Title: Bicentennial of the Encyclopædia Britannica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Encyclopædia Britannica, History of the Encyclopædia Britannica, Benton Foundation, Encyclopædia Britannica First Edition
Collection: 1968 in Illinois, 1968 in Scotland, Bicentennial Anniversaries, Encyclopædia Britannica
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bicentennial of the Encyclopædia Britannica

The first two pamphlets ("numbers") of the Encyclopædia Britannica were issued in December 1768, being sold from the printing office of its originator, Colin Macfarquhar, in Nicholson Street in Edinburgh. In 1968, several celebrations of the Britannica's bicentennial were held, and the three volumes of the 1st edition were reprinted in facsimile.


  • The Britannica Banquet 1
  • The Exhibition at the Newberry Library 2
  • Re-issue of the 1st edition 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

The Britannica Banquet

On 15 October 1968, the Britannica threw a banquet for itself celebrating its 200th birthday. Queen Elizabeth herself was not present, although she sent warm thanks for the gift of a fresh copy of the 14th edition. Hundreds of guests were arranged at 13 tables and served an exceptional dinner with well-chosen wines and tasteful music:

Menu of the Bicentennial Banquet for the Encyclopædia Britannica
Wine Food
Madeira:Trinity House Bual Velouté of Cornish Crabs
White Burgundy: Pouilly Fuissé 1964 (Ernest Marples et Cie) Fillet of Dover Sole in Cheshire Sauce
Bordeaux: Château Talbot St Julien 1959 Quail in Port Wine Aspic
Goose Liver Paté
Dressed Peas
Orange Salad
Mint Sherbet
Champagne: Charles Heidsieck 1959 Noisette of Southdown Lamb
Belle Hélène
Baby Marrows in Butter
Port:Taylor's 1955 Pears in Madeira Sauce
Hazelnut Ice Cream
Brandy: Crozet V.S.O.P. or Liqueurs Coffee

During the reception, the music was provided by Pipe Major L. D. V. de Laspee of the London Scottish, by kind permission of Lt. Colonel A. F. Niekirk, TD Officer Commanding. During the banquet itself, music was provided by the String Orchestra of the Royal Artillery Band, as directed by Captain R. Quinn, MBE, LSRM, RA, by kind permission of the Director, Royal Artillery. Later in the banquet, a programme of fanfares was performed by the Guild of Gentlemen Trumpeters. As Sir Gilbert Inglefield, the Lord Mayor of London, put it during his speech, "This, surely, is yet one more memorable episode in our chronicles of time."

Five speakers gave brief speeches at the banquet:

Many amusing episodes in the Britannica's history were recounted. Several speakers reiterated the Britannica's commitment to being not merely a reference work (an "enchantingly vast cornucopia of erudition", in Sir Gilbert Inglefield's words), but a great educational instrument of all humanity; in the words of Dr. Hutchins, "the Britannica seems destined to become a world university" and "Senator Benton...will go down in history as one of the most influential educators of our time." Prime Minister Harold Wilson stated that he and Jennie Lee were inspired to begin the Open University by the Britannica's push into international markets, as well as by the Soviet Union's dedicated broadcasting of educational propaganda. Finally, the Britannica's view of itself as the summa of all civilization can be gleaned from its publisher Bill Benton's speech.

The Exhibition at the Newberry Library

From 9 April 1968 through 31 May 1968, the Newberry Library in Chicago offered an exhibit celebrating all encyclopedias, but most particularly the Britannica. The exhibit was accompanied by a book by James M. Wells, who wrote an overview essay dated 9 January 1968.

Re-issue of the 1st edition

On the occasion of its 200th anniversary, Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. published a facsimile of the 1st edition, even including "age spots" on the paper. This has been periodically reprinted and is still part of Britannica's product line.[1]

See also


  1. ^
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