World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blue-eyed Mary

Article Id: WHEBN0021497316
Reproduction Date:

Title: Blue-eyed Mary  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Genetics
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Blue-eyed Mary

Omphalodes verna
Plant of Omphalodes verna
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: (unplaced)
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Omphalodes
Species: O. verna
Binomial name
Omphalodes verna
  • Cynoglossum omphaloides L.

Omphalodes verna (common names creeping navelwort or blue-eyed Mary) is an herbaceous perennial rhizomatous plant of the genus Omphalodes belonging to the family Boraginaceae.


The genus name Omphalodes derives from the Greek word omphalòs, meaning navel, referring to the shape of the small fruits, while the name verna of the species, deriving from the Latin vernus, refers to the early blooming flowers.


Omphalodes verna can reach 20–30 centimetres (7.9–11.8 in) in height. The plant has a stem that snakes across the ground (hence the alternative name of Creeping forget-me-not).  It has its overwintering buds situated just below the soil surface (hemicryptophyte). This species can spread quickly, it is hard to uproot and by some accounts may even be invasive, but mostly coexists with other plants well. 

Its leaves are grooved, semi-evergreen and medium green, about30 millimetres (1.2 in) long and 20 millimetres (0.79 in) wide. They are veiny, with fine hairs and oval to heart in shape, and radipdly pointed at the tip.

In Spring the plant produces clusters of 3-5 petiolated small, light blue hermaphrodite flowers with white or yellow star-shaped centers. The wheel-shaped corolla is fused and five-lobed and has a diameter of 7–15 millimetres (0.28–0.59 in). These plants bloom from March through May. The mericarps are hairy and navel-shaped, about 2 millimetres (0.079 in) long. [1]

Creeping Navelwort is cultivated in many countries as an ornamental plants and it may be easily propagated from seeds. It may be confused with Forget-me-not (Myosotis sparsiflora), from which may be distinguished by the quite different fruits.


It is widespread in Central and south-eastern Europe, Pyrenees excluded. It is also present in Quebec.


This species typically grows in the shade of trees, in fresh mountain forests (especially beech), wastelands and scrublands. The plant prefers sandy or clay loam and moist soils in shady places, at an altitude of 0–1,300 metres (0–4,265 ft) above sea level.



  • Pignatti S. - Flora d'Italia – Edagricole – 1982 – Vol. II, pag. 428
  • Tutin, T.G. et al. - Flora Europaea, second edition - 1993

External links

  • Biolib
  • Navelwort
  • Plants

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.