World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blue Sky with a White Sun

 

Blue Sky with a White Sun

Blue Sky with a White Sun Flag
Name "Blue Sky with a White Sun" flag (青天白日旗)
Kuomintang (KMT) party flag and the ROC naval jack.
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1893
Design A white Sun with twelve rays on blue background.
National Emblem of the Republic of China
Details
Armiger  Republic of China
Adopted December 17, 1928
Escutcheon Blue Sky with a White Sun
Party Emblem of the Kuomintang
Details
Armiger Kuomintang
Escutcheon Blue Sky with a White Sun, with rays reach the edge of the dish

The Blue Sky with a White Sun (Chinese: 青天白日旗; pinyin: Qīng tīan bái rì qí) serves as the design for the party flag and emblem of the Kuomintang (KMT), the canton of the flag of the Republic of China, the national emblem of the Republic of China and as the naval jack of the ROC Navy.

In the "Blue Sky with a White Sun" symbol, the twelve rays of the white Sun representing the twelve months and the twelve traditional Chinese hours (時辰 shíchen), each of which corresponds to two modern hours and symbolizes the spirit of progress.

Contents

  • History of the Blue Sky White Sun design 1
  • National Emblem and History 2
  • Situation during Dang Guo period 3
  • Use in other countries 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History of the Blue Sky White Sun design

The "Blue Sky with a White Sun" flag was originally designed by Lu Haodong, a martyr of the Republican revolution. He presented his design to represent the revolutionary army at the inauguration of the Society for Regenerating China, an anti-Qing society in Hong Kong, on February 21, 1895.

During the Wuchang Uprising in 1911 that heralded the Republic of China, the various revolutionary armies had different flags. Lu Hao-tung's "Blue Sky with a White Sun" flag was used in the provinces of Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, and Guizhou, while the "18-Star Flag", "Five-Colored Flag", and other designs were used elsewhere.

When the government of the Republic of China was established on January 1, 1912, The "Five-Colored" flag was adopted as the national flag, but Sun Yat-sen did not consider its design appropriate, reasoning that horizontal order implied a hierarchy or class like that which existed during dynastic times. Thus, when he established a rival government in Guangzhou in 1917, he brought over the "Blue Sky with a White Sun" flag for the party and the "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth" (青天白日滿地紅) flag, which was then the naval ensign, for the nation. This officially became the national flag in 1928 while the "Blue Sky with a White Sun" flag was adopted as the naval jack.

The "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth" flag has remained the flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan) to this day.

National Emblem and History

Twelve Symbols national emblem, national emblem of the Republic of China (1913-1928) and the Empire of China.

The national emblem of the Republic of China was derived from the Blue Sky with a White Sun flag. The emblem was designed by He Yingqin at Whampoa Military Academy in 1924 and was set as the national emblem by the Law of national flag and national emblem of the Republic of China in 1928.

On the national emblem rays of sun have some distance to the edge, symbolizing the broadness of the sky, while on Kuomintang emblem the rays reach the edge, symbolizing the spirit of revolution is as powerful as the sun.

The national emblem of the Republic of China from 1913 to 1928 is called Twelve Symbols national emblem (十二章國徽), based on the traditional symbols on clothes of ancient Chinese emperors. It was designed by Lu Xun, Qian Daosun and Xu Shoushang on August 28, 1912 and was set as national emblem in February 1913. It remained as the national emblem during the Empire of China from 1915 to 1916. After the Northern Expedition it was replaced by the Blue Sky with a White Sun national emblem in 1928.

Situation during Dang Guo period

The KMT and ROC flags displayed at a party building in Kaohsiung.

In the early years of the Republic, under the KMT's political tutelage, the KMT party flag shared the same prominence as the ROC flag. A common wall display consisted of the KMT flag perched on the left and the ROC flag perched on the right, each tilted at an angle with a portrait of National Father Sun Yat-sen displayed in the center. After the promulgation of the Constitution of the Republic of China, the party flag was removed from such displayed and the national flag moved to the center.

Since the ROC government moved to Taiwan and especially in the years since the end of martial law the KMT flag has lost some of its prominence. However, it is still frequently see on KMT party buildings in political rallies and other meetings of KMT and the pan-blue coalition.

The flag and the KMT party emblem made news during the pan-green coalition failed to win a majority, and Chen took no action for the remainder of his presidency.

Use in other countries

The design of "Blue Sky with a White Sun" was used in the unit insignia or coats of arms of some units of the United States Army that fought in World War II. The most famous unit was Merrill's Marauders (officially named the "5307th Composite Unit (Provisional)"), which has the "Blue Sky with a White Sun" as part of its badge. The usage by American troops was a result of cooperation between US and Chinese Expeditionary Force in the China Burma India Theater.

Up to now, the "Blue Sky with a White Sun" can still be seen in the emblem of the 75th Ranger Regiment.

The design is on the flag of the Balochistan Liberation Army

See also

References

  • Hong, Caroline (23 Nov. 2004). Debate heats up over claims to the sun. Taipei Times.

External links

  • Kuomintang Official Website
  • (Chinese)sac.gov.tw:本期專題:奧會模式
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.