World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bombing of Wesel in World War II

Article Id: WHEBN0007452609
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bombing of Wesel in World War II  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: House demolition, 1945 in Germany, Wesel, Operation Plunder, WWII city bombing
Collection: 1945 in Germany
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bombing of Wesel in World War II

97% of Wesel was destroyed before it was finally taken by Allied troops

The German town of Wesel was heavily bombed in Allied air raids during World War II. Between this and the attacks in support of the crossing of the Rhine, the town was devastated.

Wesel became a target of the Allies, particularly in its strategic position as a depot with bridges on the Rhine. On the 16, 17, 18 and 19 February 1945,[1] the town was attacked by the Royal Air Force with impact and air-burst weapons and almost entirely destroyed.[2]

The Rhine and Lippe bridges were blown by the Wehrmacht; among others, on 10 March 1945. The 1,950m long railway bridge was the last Rhine bridge remaining in German hands.[3]

On 23 March, Wesel came under the fire of over 3,000 guns when it was bombarded anew, in preparation for Operation Plunder.[4] That day 80 Lancasters from No. 3 Group RAF attacked Wesel[5] Then that night of 23/24 March, 195 Lancasters and 23 Mosquitos of RAF Bomber Command No. 5 Group aided in the softening up of the German defenders. 97% of the town was destroyed before it was finally taken by Allied troops and the population had fallen from almost 25,000 in 1939 to 1,900 in May 1945.[6]

The town was taken quickly with 36 civilian casualties. Field-Marshal Montgomery said "the bombing of Wesel was a masterpiece, and was a decisive factor in making possible our entry into the town before midnight."[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ RAF campaign diary February 1945
  2. ^ Bombing of Wesel - WW2 People's War BBC
  3. ^ Lexikon der Wehrmacht - see Standort Wesel
  4. ^ Chronology of World War II Ken Polsson
  5. ^ RAF campaign diary March 1945
  6. ^ Lexikon der Wehrmacht
  7. ^ http://www.raf.mod.uk/bombercommand/h57.html


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.