Boron-12

Boron (B) naturally occurs in two isotopes, 10B and 11B, the latter of which makes up about 80% of natural boron. 14 radioisotopes have been discovered, with mass numbers from 6 to 21, all with short half-lives, the longest being that of 8B, with a half-life of only 770 milliseconds (ms) and 12B with a half-life of 20.2 ms. All other isotopes have half-lives shorter than 17.35 ms, with the least stable isotope being 7B, with a half-life of 150 yoctoseconds (ys). Those isotopes with mass below 10 decay into helium (via short-lived isotopes of beryllium for 7B and 9B) while those with mass above 11 mostly become carbon.

Standard atomic mass: 10.811(7) u


Table

nuclide
symbol
Z(p) N(n)  
isotopic mass (u)
 
half-life decay mode(s)[1] daughter
isotope(s)
nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole percent)
range of natural
variation
(mole percent)
6B 5 1 6.04681(75)#
7B 5 2 7.02992(8) 350(50)×10−24 s
[1.4(2) MeV]
p 6Be[n 1] (32−)
8B[n 2] 5 3 8.0246072(11) 770(3) ms β+, fission 2 4He 2+
9B 5 4 9.0133288(11) 800(300)×10−21 s
[0.54(21) keV]
p 8Be[n 3] 32
10B 5 5 10.0129370(4) Stable 3+ 19.9(7) 18.929 – 20.386
11B 5 6 11.0093054(4) Stable 32 80.1(7) 79.614–81.071
12B 5 7 12.0143521(15) 20.20(2) ms β (98.4%) 12C 1+
β, α (1.6%) 8Be[n 4]
13B 5 8 13.0177802(12) 17.33(17) ms β (99.72%) 13C 32
β, n (0.279%) 12C
14B 5 9 14.025404(23) 12.5(5) ms β (93.96%) 14C 2−
β, n (6.04%) 13C
15B 5 10 15.031103(24) 9.87(7) ms β, n (93.6%) 14C 32
β (6.0%) 15C
β, 2n (0.40%) 13C
16B 5 11 16.03981(6) <190×10−12 s
[<0.1 MeV]
n 15B 0−
17B[n 5] 5 12 17.04699(18) 5.08(5) ms β, n (63.0%) 16C (32−)
β (22.1%) 17C
β, 2n (11.0%) 15C
β, 3n (3.5%) 14C
β, 4n (0.40%) 13C
18B 5 13 18.05617(86)# <26 ns n 17B (4−)#
19B[n 5] 5 14 19.06373(43)# 2.92(13) ms β 19C (32−)#

Notes

  • The precision of the isotope abundances and atomic mass is limited through variations. The given ranges should be applicable to any normal terrestrial material.
  • Commercially available materials may have been subjected to an undisclosed or inadvertent isotopic fractionation. Substantial deviations from the given mass and composition can occur.
  • Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
  • Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.[2]
  • Nuclide masses are given by IUPAP Commission on Symbols, Units, Nomenclature, Atomic Masses and Fundamental Constants (SUNAMCO).
  • Isotope abundances are given by IUPAC Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights.

Applications

Boron-10

Boron-10 is used in Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) as an experimental treatment of some brain cancers.

References

Notes

General references

  • Isotope masses from:
  • Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from:
  • Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from the following sources. See editing notes on this article's talk page.


Isotopes of beryllium Isotopes of boron Isotopes of carbon
Table of nuclides
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