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Brown County, Kansas

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Title: Brown County, Kansas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: List of townships in Kansas, Everest, Kansas, Hamlin, Kansas, Hiawatha, Kansas, Horton, Kansas
Collection: 1855 Establishments in Kansas Territory, Brown County, Kansas, Kansas Counties
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Brown County, Kansas

Brown County, Kansas
Brown County Courthouse in Hiawatha
Map of Kansas highlighting Brown County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Albert Gallatin Brown
Seat Hiawatha
Largest city Hiawatha
Area
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,479 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 9,984
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website County Website

Brown County (county code BR) is a county located in the northeast portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 9,984.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Hiawatha.[2] Brown County is the location of the Kickapoo Indian Reservation of Kansas, the majority of the Sac and Fox Reservation and the majority of the Iowa Reservation of Kansas and Nebraska.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
    • Major highways 3.2
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

History

Brown County was founded in 1855.[3] It is named for Albert G. Brown.[4]

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2000, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink without a food sales requirement.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6] The Wolf River has its source in the county.[7] Brown State Fishing Lake, formerly known as "Brown County State Park" is in the county, 8 miles (13 km) east of Hiawatha.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[8] U.S. Census Bureau[9]

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[15] there were 10,724 people, 4,318 households, and 2,949 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,815 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.87% White, 1.56% Black or African American, 8.82% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.

There were 4,318 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.70% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,971, and the median income for a family was $39,525. Males had a median income of $29,163 versus $19,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,163. About 10.60% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Hiawatha USD 415
  • Brown County USD 430

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Brown County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Brown County is divided into ten townships. The cities of Hiawatha, Horton, and Sabetha are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Hamlin 29725 344 3 (8) 106 (41) 0 (0) 0.18%
Hiawatha 31700 739 4 (12) 164 (63) 0 (0) 0.18%
Irving 34500 311 2 (6) 137 (53) 0 (0) 0.04%
Mission 47200 645 3 (8) 219 (84) 2 (1) 0.73%
Morrill 48325 Morrill 503 5 (12) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.24%
Padonia 54025 259 2 (6) 107 (41) 0 (0) 0.14%
Powhattan 57375 874 4 (10) 232 (90) 0 (0) 0.06%
Robinson 60350 Robinson 452 4 (10) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.25%
Walnut 74875 Fairview 665 4 (11) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.46%
Washington 75525 Everest 541 5 (12) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.17%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 237. 
  4. ^ History of the State of Kansas: Containing a Full Account of Its Growth from an Uninhabited Territory to a Wealthy and Important State. A. T. Andreas. 1883. p. 710. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  7. ^ DeLorme (2003). Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. p. 26. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  8. ^ National Atlas
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder".  

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

County
  • Brown County - Official Website
  • Brown County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Brown County - Information, Skyways
Maps
  • Brown County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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