World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Buenaventura Báez

Buenaventura Báez Méndez
3rd President of the Dominican Republic
In office
May 29, 1849 – February 15, 1853
Preceded by Manuel Jiménes
Succeeded by Pedro Santana
6th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
October 8, 1856 – June 13, 1858
Preceded by Manuel de Regla Mota
Succeeded by José Desiderio Valverde
10th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
December 8, 1865 – May 29, 1866
Vice President Francisco Antonio Gómez y Báez
Preceded by Pedro Guillermo
Succeeded by Triumvirate of 1866
13th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
May 2, 1868 – January 2, 1874
Vice President Manuel Altagracia Cáceres y Fernández (1868-1871)
Juan Isidro Ortea y Kennedy (1871-1874)
Preceded by Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
Succeeded by Ignacio María González
16th President of the Dominican Republic
In office
December 26, 1876 – March 2, 1878
Vice President Juan Isidro Ortea y Kennedy
Preceded by Marcos Antonio Cabral
Succeeded by Ignacio María González
4th Vice President of the Dominican Republic
In office
Preceded by Antonio Abad Alfau Bustamante
Succeeded by Domingo Daniel Pichardo Pró
Personal details
Born (1812-07-14)July 14, 1812
Cabral, Barahona, Captaincy General of Santo Domingo
Died March 14, 1884(1884-03-14) (aged 71)
Hormigueros, Puerto Rico
Nationality Dominican
Political party Red Party
Religion Catholic

Buenaventura Báez Méndez (July 14, 1812 – March 14, 1884) was the President of the Dominican Republic for five nonconsecutive terms. He is known for attempting to annex the Dominican Republic to other countries on multiple occasions. His son Ramón Báez was briefly president in 1914.


  • Early years 1
  • Political career 2
  • Exile and death 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early years

Báez was born in Cabral, Barahona, Dominican Republic. Báez's mother, Juana Méndez was a freed slave and his father, Pablo Báez, was a wealthy merchant from Azua. Báez inherited a fortune from his father and because of it was able to study in Europe. There, he learned various languages including English, French and Creole.

Political career

During the Haitian occupation Báez served as the legislator of Azua to the ruling Haitian occupational government. This post was gained in part because of his role in the revolution that overthrew Jean-Pierre Boyer from power.

In 1844 Báez helped to lead a successful rebellion against Haiti, which established the independence of the Dominican Republic. He went to Europe in 1846 to convince France to establish a protectorate over the Dominican Republic, but the French refused. As president for the first time, from 1849 until 1853, he attempted to convince the United States to take over the country. He was President again from 1856 until 1857, when he was deposed in a coup.

Báez next supported the idea of having the Dominican Republic be taken over by Spain. He went into exile in Spain and led a luxurious life there. The Spanish agreed to occupy the Dominican Republic in 1861, but by 1865 they had abandoned it (see Dominican Restoration War). Báez then returned to the Dominican Republic and became President again until he was deposed in another coup in May 1866. He then served his longest term as President, from 1868 until 1874, during which time he again attempted to have the United States annex the Dominican Republic.[1] This time he was almost successful, as he convinced American President Ulysses S. Grant to send warships to the Dominican Republic, and drew up an annexation treaty which reached the United States Senate floor.[2] The treaty, however, was not ratified in the Senate, and it became an embarrassment for Grant.[3][4]

Exile and death

Báez became President again from 1876 until 1878, when he was deposed in a final coup and sent into exile to Puerto Rico, at the time a Spanish colony, where he lived his final days.

He is buried in the Catedral de Santa María la Menor.


  1. ^ "Dominican Annexation; The London Times on the Question--The Results Favorable to all Concerned.". The New York Times. December 1, 1869. 
  2. ^ "Washington; Our Navy in Dominican Waters Dominican Annexation and Haytian Interference Completeness of the Administration's Response to Senate Resolution for Information. The Secretary of the Navy to Rear-Admiral Poor, at Key West.". The New York Times. February 13, 1871. 
  3. ^ "San Domingo: Debate in the United States Senate on the resolutions of Hon. O. P. Morton, authorizing the appointment of a commission to examine into and report upon the condition of the island.". African American Perspectives, Pamphlets from the Daniel A.P. Murray Collection 1818 - 1907 (Library of Congress). 
  4. ^ Edward P. Crapol (2000). "James G. Blaine". Rowman & Littlefield.  

External links

  • Buenaventura Baez at Find-A-Grave
Political offices
Preceded by
Manuel Jiménes
President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
Pedro Santana
Preceded by
Manuel de Regla Mota
President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
José Desiderio Valverde
Preceded by
Pedro Guillermo
President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Junta of Generals
President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
Ignacio María González
Preceded by
Marcos Antonio Cabral
President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
Council of Secretaries of State
Preceded by
Antonio Abad Alfau Bustamante
Vice President of the Dominican Republic
Succeeded by
Domingo Daniel Pichardo Pró
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.