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Title: Bunchuk  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Military ranks of Ukraine, Cossacks, Mongol Empire, Tug Banner, Jarlig
Collection: Cossacks, Crimean Khanate, Mongol Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Turkish bunchuks of the 17th century.

A Bunchuk (Ukrainian: Бунчук; Polish: Buńczuk) is a piece of horse or yak tail hair attached to the top of a pole, which is decorated with a trident, a ball or a crescent.

Bunchuk was used instead of a flag or along with it by nomadic peoples of Eurasia like Scythians, Sarmatians, Huns, Avars, Cumans and others.[1] During the 13th - 18th centuries it served as a symbol of power of Mongolian and Crimean khans, Turkish sultans and his ministers, Polish hetmans, and atamans of Ukrainian (Zaporozhian, Danubian, Kuban) and Don Cossaks.[2] The tradition of using Bunchuk is preserved in the Army of the Polish Republic.

The Mongol equivalent to the bunchuk is called a tug or sulde, known as tuğ in the Turkic languages.


  1. ^ Довідник з історії України. За ред. І. Підкови та Р. Шуста. — Київ: Генеза, 1993.
  2. ^ Бунчук // Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона


  • (Russian) Бунчук // Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона
  • (Mongolian) Монгол Улсын Төрийн Туг // MongolWiki
  • (Ukrainian) Довідник з історії України. За ред. І. Підкови та Р. Шуста. — Київ: Генеза, 1993.

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