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California's at-large congressional district

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Title: California's at-large congressional district  
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Subject: Cornelius Cole, Frederick Low, Milton Latham, James A. McDougall, Aaron A. Sargent, Timothy Guy Phelps, James W. Denver
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California's at-large congressional district

After statehood was achieved September 9, 1850 until 1865, California elected its representatives statewide at-large — two representatives from September 11, 1850 to 1861, and 3 representatives from 1861 to 1865.

Also, from 1883 to 1885, California elected two of its six representatives to the United States House of Representatives state-wide at-large.

List of representatives

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
September 11, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
George Wright Independent [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Edward Gilbert Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Edward C. Marshall Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Joseph W. McCorkle Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 3, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Milton Latham Democratic Retired James A. McDougall Democratic Lost re-election
March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
James W. Denver Democratic Retired Philemon T. Herbert Democratic Retired after manslaughter acquittal
March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Joseph C. McKibbin Democratic Lost re-election Charles L. Scott Democratic Re-elected in 1858
Retired
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
John C. Burch Democratic Retired
March 4, 1861 –
June 3, 1862
Timothy Phelps Republican Retired Aaron A. Sargent Republican Retired Vacant
June 3, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
Frederick F. Low Republican Not permitted by the House to take his seat.
Subsequently quaified under special act of Congress
Retired
March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Cornelius Cole Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] William Higby Republican Redistricted to 2nd district Thomas B. Shannon Republican Retired








March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1883
Seat eliminated Seat eliminated Seat eliminated
March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
John R. Glascock Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)
Charles A. Sumner Democratic Lost re-election in the 3rd district
(See election article)

Election results

In these elections, the top two vote-getters (three from 1861 to 1863) were elected to the House.

1849

The election was held November 13, 1849.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1849
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Independent 20,481 79.44% 1 +1
Democratic 5,300 20.56% 1 +1
Totals 25,781 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1849
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Independent George Washington Wright 5,451 22.0%
Democratic Edward Gilbert 5,300 20.6%
Independent Rodman M. Price 4,040 16.3%
Independent Lewis Dent 2,129 8.3%
Independent P. A. Morse 2,066 8.2%
Independent E. J. C. Kewen 1,826 7.3%
Independent William M. Shepard 1,773 7.2%
Independent William E. Shannon 1,327 5.4%
Independent Peter O. Halstead 1,271 2.4%
Independent L. W. Hastings 215 0.9%
Independent Pierson B. Reading 167 0.7%
Independent W. H. Russell 96 0.4%
Independent J. S. Thompson 72 0.3%
Independent Kimball H. Dimmick 48 0.2%
Totals 25,781 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1851

The 1851 election was held October 7, 1851.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1851
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 48,784 53.92% 2 +1
Whig 41,684 46.08% 0 0
Independent 0 0.00% 0 –1
Totals 90,468 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1851
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Edward C. Marshall 24,469 27.0%
Democratic Joseph McCorkle 24,315 26.9%
Whig E. J. Kewen 21,460 23.7%
Whig B. J. Moore 20,224 22.4%
Totals 90,468 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1852

The election was held November 2, 1852.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1852
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 79,268 53.38% 2 0
Whig 69,232 46.62% 0 0
Totals 148,500 100.00% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1852
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Milton S. Latham 39,881 26.9%
Democratic James A. McDougall 39,387 26.5%
Whig P. L. Edwards 34,933 23.5%
Whig G. B. Tingley 34,299 23.1%
Totals 148,500 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1854

The election was held September 6, 1854.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1854
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 95,178 58.0% 2
Whig 69,152 42.0% 0
Totals 164,330 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1854
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic James W. Denver 36,819 22.4%
Democratic Philemon T. Herbert 36,542 22.4%
Whig G. W. Bowie 34,741 21.1%
Whig Cal Bonham 34,411 20.9%
Democratic J. Churchman 10,006 6.1%
Democratic James A. McDougall (incumbent) 9,968 6.1%
Democratic Milton S. Latham (incumbent) 1,843 1.1%
Totals 164,330 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1856

The election was held November 4, 1856.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1856
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 101,708 47.0% 2
Know-Nothing 71,403 33.0% 0
Republican 43,139 20.0% 0
Totals 216,250 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1856
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 50,895 23.5%
Democratic Charles L. Scott 50,813 23.5%
American B. C. Whitman 36,078 16.7%
American A. B. Dibble 35,325 16.3%
Republican L. P. Rankin 21,975 10.2%
Republican J. D. Turner 21,164 9.8%
Totals 216,250 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1859

The election was held September 7, 1859.

United States House of Representatives elections in California,
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Democratic 161,106 79.4% 2
Republican 41,739 20.6% 0
Totals 202,845 100.0% 2
California's at-large congressional district election, 1859
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Democratic John C. Burch 57,665 28.4%
Democratic Charles L. Scott 56,998 28.1%
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin (incumbent) 43,474 21.4%
Republican Edward D. Baker 41,438 20.4%
Democratic S. A. Booker 2,969 1.5%
Republican P. H. Sibley 301 0.1%
Totals 202,845 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1861

The election was held September 4, 1861.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1861
Party Votes Percentage Seats +/–
Democratic 180,719 56.1% 0 -2
Republican 141,402 43.9% 3 +3
Totals 322,121 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1861
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Timothy Guy Phelps 51,651 21.8%
Republican W. L. Dudley 50,692 21.4%
Democratic H. Edgerton 35,449 15.0%
Democratic Joseph C. McKibbin 35,401 15.0%
Democratic D. O. Shattuck 31,712 13.4%
Democratic H. P. Barbers 31,591 13.4%
Totals 236,496 100.0%
Voter turnout =%
California's at-large congressional election for seat added by reapportionment, 1861
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Frederick F. Low 39,059 45.6%
Democratic F. Gunhal 24,036 28.1%
Democratic J. R. Gitchell 22,530 26.3%
Totals 85,625 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1863

The election was held September 2, 1863.

United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1863
Party Votes Percentage Seats
Republican 194,882 69.1% 0
Democratic 87,087 30.9% 0
Totals 281,969 100.0% 3
California's at-large congressional district election, 1863
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
Republican Cornelius Cole 65,085 23.1%
Republican Thomas B. Shannon 64,914 23.0%
Republican William Higby 64,883 23.0%
Democratic John B. Weller 43,567 15.5%
Democratic John Bigler 43,520 15.4%
Totals 281,969 100.0%
Voter turnout =%

1882

California elected two at-large representatives in addition to its four representatives in districts in 1882. For these results see United States House of Representatives elections in California, 1882.

See also

References

  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • California Elections Page 1849
  • California Elections Page 1850
  • California Elections Page 1852
  • California Elections Page 1854
  • California Elections Page 1856
  • California Elections Page 1858
  • California Elections Page 1861
  • California Elections Page 1862

Sources

  • Dubin, Michael J. (1998). United States Congressional elections, 1788-1997 : the official results of the elections of the 1st through 105th Congresses. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1998.

External links

  • California Legislative District Maps (1911-Present)
  • RAND California Election Returns: District Definitions

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