World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003052976
Reproduction Date:

Title: Camerino  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: University of Camerino, Castelraimondo, Serravalle di Chienti, Jimmy Fontana, Daniela Reina
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Comune di Camerino
Coat of arms of Camerino
Coat of arms
Camerino is located in Italy
Location of Camerino in Italy
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Macerata (MC)
Frazioni see list
 • Mayor Gianluca Pasqui
 • Total 129 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 670 m (2,200 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 7,130
 • Density 55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Camerinesi or Camerti
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62032
Dialing code 0737
Patron saint St. Venantius
Saint day May 18
Website Official website

Camerino is a town in the province of Macerata, Marche, central-eastern Italy. It is located in the Apennines bordering Umbria, between the valleys of the rivers Potenza and Chienti, about 64 kilometres (40 mi) from Ancona.

Camerino is home to the University of Camerino, founded in the Middle Ages.


  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
  • Frazioni 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Camerino occupies the site of the ancient Camerinum, the inhabitants of which (Camertes Umbri or Umbrii-Camertii) became allies of the Romans in 310 BC or 309 BC (at the time of the attack on the Etruscans in the Ciminian Forest). On the other hand, the Katspriot referred to in the history of the year 295 BC are probably the inhabitants of Clusium. Later it appears as a dependent autonomous community with the foedus aequum, an 'equal' treaty with Rome (Mommsen, Römisches Staatsrecht, iii. 664).

Two cohorts of Camertes fought with distinction under Gaius Marius against the invading Germanic Cimbri. It was much affected by the conspiracy of Catiline, and is frequently mentioned in the Civil Wars; under the empire it was a municipium. It belonged to ancient Umbria, but was on the borders of Picenum.

Camerino was part of the Exarchate of Ravenna until 592, when it was captured by the Lombards. The city under the latter was the seat of a marquisate and then of a duchy which was sometimes under the suzerainty of Spoleto, and which was later conquered by the Franks. In the 10th to 11th centuries the city was under the Mainardi family. Boniface III of Tuscany occupied the duchy around 1050, and then ceded it to his daughter Matilda, who in turn donated it to the Papal States.

After the year 1000, however, Camerino turned itself into an independent commune. Initially Ghibelline, it later became a Guelph stronghold and suffered much under Emperor Frederick II on account of its loyalty to the pope; Manfred of Sicily's troops, led by Percivalle Doria, besieged and destroyed it (1256): much of the population was killed, but Camerino recovered under Gentile Da Varano, who was amongst the refugees that returned in 1262, forming a lasting fiefdom for his family which lasted three centuries.

In 1382, his descendant Cesare Borgia in 1502, and in 1545 the city fell under direct Papal administration.

In 1861, after Camerino become part of the unified Kingdom of Italy, the university was recognised by the new state. In 1958, the school became known as the University of Camerino, a public institution.

Panorama of Camerino in winter.
Rocca dei Borgia.

Main sights

No ancient building is visible today, the Roman remains lying as much as one metre below ground level.

Principal sights include:

  • The Cathedral (early 19th century), built over a previous structured destroyed in 1799. The interior houses some artworks from the former edifice, including a wooden Crucifix dating back to the 13th century and a Madonna of Misericord from the 15th century. The crypt has two stone lions from the late 13th century, two busts from Bernini's workshop and a marble medieval arch dedicated to St. Ansovinus, a bishop of the city in the 9th century.
  • The late-Gothic church of S. Venanzio was also damaged in 1799, but retains the original façade and bell tower.
  • The Ducal Palace, seat of the Faculty of Jurisprudence of the University, is one of the most important Renaissance buildings in central Italy. It was created in the late 15th century by Giulio Cesare Da Varano. It has a portico, a wide panoramic balcony, loggias and frescoed halls.
  • Porta Malatestiana ("Malatesta Gate"), built in 1511
  • The Archbishops Palace (late 16th century). The museum includes a canvas by Gianbattista Tiepolo, a St. Sebastian from 1446 and an Annunciation by Luca Signorelli.
  • The Germany occupation forces during World War II.
  • The medieval Abbey of Fiastra, cradle of the Capuchin Order. It is now abandoned.
  • The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Camerino are botanical gardens maintained by the University of Camerino, as is the Arboretum Apenninicum.
  • The Jewish quarter "Giudecca" in the city center.
  • The Tempio dell'Annunziata ("Temple of Annunciation"), erected by Rocco da Vicenza for Giulio Cesare da Varano.


Agnano, Arcofiato, Arnano, Campolarzo, Canepina, Capolapiaggia, Casale, Caselle, Cignano, Colle Altino, Costa San Severo, Letegge, Leteggiole, Mecciano, Merganano Sant'Angelo, Mergnano San Pietro, Mergnano San Savino, Mistrano, Morro, Paganico, Palentuccio, Paterno, Perito, Pian d'Aiello, Pianpalente, Piegusciano, Polverina, Pontelatrave, Ponti, Pozzuolo, Rocca d'Aiello, Sabbieta Alta, San Luca, San Marcello, Santa Lucia, Sant'Erasmo, Sellano, Sentino, Selvazzano, Sfercia, Statte, Strada, Torrone, Tuseggia, Valdiea, Valle San Martino, Valle Vegenana, Varano.


  1. ^ Population data from Istat

External links

  • Official website
  • Il territorio di Camerino

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.