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Canadian American

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Canadian American

Canadian American
Américain d'origine canadienne
Total population

1,062,640
0.33% of the American population

Location of Canada
Regions with significant populations
NorthEastMidwestSouthwestSoutheast
Languages
American EnglishCanadian English
French (AcadianCanadianNew England)
Religion
Roman CatholicismProtestantismnon-religious
Related ethnic groups
Americans, American Canadian, Canadian, French American, French Canadian, British American, English Canadian, Brits, French

Canadian Americans are Americans who were born or grew up in Canada and later moved to the United States, or a person who was born in the United States of Canadian ancestry. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives, or were educated, in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.[1]

The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English.[2] French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate.[3] However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore..[4] This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930.[5] Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.

This cultural "invisibility" within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist.[6] According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000.[7] Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.[8]

Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as "Southern California, and Arizona).[9]

Americans of Canadian descent

Canadians who obtained American citizenship

American cities founded by or named after Canadians

Canadian American Day

The Connecticut State Senate in unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry. [45]

Aboriginal Canadian Americans

As a consequence of Article 3 of Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border.[46] But many of Canada's First Nations people identify with Canadians more so than Americans.[47]

Study

There are some institutions in the United States that focus on Canadian-American studies such as the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine,[48] the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University,[49] and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee[50]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mark Paul Richard, "From 'Canadien' to American: The Acculturation of French-Canadian Descendants in Lewiston, Maine, 1860 to the Present", PhD dissertation Duke U. 2002; Dissertation Abstracts International, 2002 62(10): 3540-A. DA3031009, 583p.
  2. ^ http://www.veta.in/products_accent.htm
  3. ^ l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423-453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
  4. ^ Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups,Stephan Thernstorm, Harvard College, 1980, p 392
  5. ^ l’Actualité économique, Vol. 59, No 3, (september 1983): 423–453 and Yolande LAVOIE, L’Émigration des Québécois aux États-Unis de 1840 à 1930, Québec, Conseil de la langue française, 1979.
  6. ^ This American Life Program No. 65 "Who's Canadian", Chicago Public Radio, Broadcast May 30, 1997, http://www.thisamericanlife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?episode=65
  7. ^ "c2kbr01-2.qxd" (PDF). Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  8. ^ Stewart, Alice R. (1987), "The Franco-Americans of Maine: A Historiographical Essay", Maine Historical Society Quarterly 26 (3): 160–179 
  9. ^ "Snowbird RV Parks". Rvthereyet.cc. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  10. ^ Lori Rackl (September 27, 2009). "Walt Disney, the man behind the mouse". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-21.
  11. ^ "Will Durant Online: The Gentle Philosopher". Willdurant.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  12. ^ http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=443&ResourceType
  13. ^ "2006 Inductees – Brendan Fraser". Canada's Walk of Fame. 2006. Retrieved August 24, 2008. 
  14. ^ Crouse, Karen (2010-08-17). "Aiming for the Top, via the Slow Lane". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  15. ^ Michael Robert Patterson. "Rene Arthur Gagnon, Corporal, United States Marine Corps". Arlingtoncemetery.net. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  16. ^ http://genforum.genealogy.com/gum/messages/416.html
  17. ^ "Robert Goulet Biography (1933–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  18. ^ Mike Gravel genealogy site
  19. ^ "The Phil Hendrie Show Log – April 2000". Maglietta.org. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  20. ^ Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Caesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. St. Martin's Press. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-312-13062-7.
  21. ^ "Jack Kerouac – bio and links". Beatmuseum.org. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  22. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0582374/bio
  23. ^ "Paul LePage". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Rudy Vallee". English.turkcebilgi.com. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  25. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000242/bio
  26. ^ "Pamela Anderson became U.S. citizen". Moono.com. 2004-05-14. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  27. ^ "Paul Anka". History-of-rock.com. July 30, 1941. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Jim Carrey – Carrey Becomes An American Citizen – Contactmusic News". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Actress Saw Two Marriages Fail in 14 years". Calgary Daily Herald. August 11, 1934. p. 5. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  30. ^ Solomon, Deborah (January 6, 2008). "Questions for David Frum, Right Hand Man". New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Toronto News: Frank Gehry’s childhood home to be razed". Toronto Star. July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  32. ^ Mashberg, Tom (1992-11-29). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman".  
  33. ^ "SLAM! Sports – Wrestling – Chris Jericho". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Canada’s Walk of Fame celebrating Inductee Louis B. Mayer". Canadaswalkoffame.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Alanis Morissette – Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, and actress. – Discography, biography, music, MP3s, credits, pictures & videos at SoundUnwound". Soundunwound.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  36. ^ "James Naismith". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "Mary Pickford born in Toronto – CBC Archives". Archives.cbc.ca. July 20, 1969. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  38. ^ Top 100
  39. ^ Andrew Tobias. , Chapter 2 – Separating Myth from Legend"Fire and Ice: The Story of Charles Revson – the Man Who Built the Revlon Empire". Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Give Citizenship to Mack Sennett". Retrieved April 23, 2010. 
  41. ^ Norwood, Stephen Harlan; Eunice G. Pollack (2008). Encyclopedia of American Jewish history, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 471.  
  42. ^ I Am 95 and Am Feeling All of 90
  43. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/227/000205609/
  44. ^ "Jack Warner | Hollywood Walk of Fame". Walkoffame.com. February 8, 1960. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  45. ^ Edmonton Sun, April 21, 2009
  46. ^ "NATIVE AMERICAN FREE PASSAGE RIGHTS UNDER THE 1794 JAY TREATY: SURVIVAL UNDER UNITED STATES STATUTORY LAW AND CANADIAN COMMON LAW". Bc.edu. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  47. ^ Dowd, Gregory Evans. A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745–1815. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-8018-4609-9.
  48. ^ "Canadian-American Center". Umaine.edu. March 31, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2011. 
  49. ^ Canadian American Studies at WWU
  50. ^ [1]

Further reading

External links

  • Connect2Canada.com
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