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Carlsberg Laboratory

The Carlsberg Laboratory and in the foreground a statue of its founder J. C. Jacobsen.

The Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen, Denmark, was created in 1875 by J. C. Jacobsen, the founder of the Carlsberg brewery, for the sake of advancing biochemical knowledge, especially relating to brewing. It featured a Department of Chemistry and a Department of Physiology. In 1972, the laboratory was renamed the Carlsberg Research Center and was transferred to the brewery.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Directors 2
  • See also 3
  • Footnotes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Overview

The Carlsberg Laboratory was known for protein science and had a series of well-known directors, including Johan Kjeldahl, S. P. L. Sørensen, and Kaj Ulrik Linderstrøm-Lang.

The Carlsberg Laboratory was also known for isolating Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, the species of yeast responsible for lager fermentation, as well as for introducing the concept of pH in acid-basechemistry. The Danish chemist Soren Peder Lauritz Sorensen introduced the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity of substances. While working at the Carlsberg Laboratory, he studied the effect of ion concentration on proteins, and understood the concentration of hydrogen ions was particularly important. To express the hydronium ion (H3O+) concentration in a solution, he devised a logarithmic scale known as the pH scale.[1]

Research from the Carlsberg Laboratory was published in its journal, Comptes rendus des travaux du laboratoire Carlsberg, which is often abbreviated to Compt. rend. trav. lab. Carlsberg or simply C. R. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg.

Directors

Name Period
Johan Kjeldahl 1876–1900
S. P. L. Sørensen 1901–1938
Kaj Ulrik Linderstrøm-Lang 1938–1959
Martin Ottesen 1959–1987
Klaus Bock 1988–2006
Jens Ø. Duus 2006–2011
Ole Hindsgaul 2011–2014
Birger Lindberg Møller 2014–present

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Properties of Acids and Bases (Theory) : Class 10 : Chemistry : Amrita Online Lab". Retrieved 14 October 2015. 

References

  1. ^ Schellman JA, Schellman CG (May 1997). "Kaj Ulrik Linderstrøm-Lang (1896-1959)". Protein Sci. 6 (5): 1092–100.  

Further reading

  • Richards FM (1992). "Linderstrøm-Lang and the Carlsberg Laboratory: The view of a postdoctoral fellow in 1954". Protein Sci. 1 (12): 1721–30.  
  • Scheraga HA (1992). "Contribution of physical chemistry to an understanding of protein structure and function". Protein Sci. 1 (5): 691–3.  
  • Holter H, Møller KM, ed. (1976). The Carlsberg Laboratory 1876/1976. Copenhagen: Rhodos International Science and Art Publ. 

External links

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