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Carter County, Tennessee

Carter County, Tennessee
Carter County Courthouse in Elizabethton
Seal of Carter County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Carter County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796
Named for Landon Carter[1]
Seat Elizabethton
Largest city Elizabethton
Area
 • Total 348 sq mi (901 km2)
 • Land 341 sq mi (883 km2)
 • Water 6.4 sq mi (17 km2), 1.8%
Population
 • (2010) 57,424
 • Density 168/sq mi (65/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .gov.cartercountytnwww

Carter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,424.[2] Its county seat is Elizabethton.[3] The county is named in honor of Landon Carter, an early settler active in the State of Franklin movement.

Carter County is part of the Johnson City, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–KingsportBristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region of Northeast Tennessee.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Watauga Association 1.1
    • Civil War 1.2
    • Early railroad 1.3
  • Geography 2
    • Lakes 2.1
    • Rivers 2.2
    • Waterfalls 2.3
    • Adjacent counties 2.4
    • National protected areas 2.5
    • State protected areas 2.6
    • Major highways 2.7
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Colleges 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Census-designated places 6.2
    • Unincorporated communities 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

A map of the Province of Carolina

The area was originally claimed by Britain as part of the Clarendon settlements of the Province of Carolina, although actually populated at the time by the Cherokee.

The area was part of (though seldom actually administered by) the following jurisdictions in its early history:

Watauga Association

The county is named for General Landon Carter,[4] the son of John Carter of Virginia, who was "chairman of the court" of the first majority-rule system of American democracy, known as the Watauga Association of 1772. The association was the first permanent settlement established outside the original thirteen American colonies and included the area that is today's Carter County. In 1775, the Association was absorbed into North Carolina by petition, becoming known thereafter as the Washington District.

The county seat, Elizabethton, is named for Carter's wife, Elizabeth MacLin Carter.[5]

Civil War

Like most East Tennessee counties, Carter Countians opposed secession on the eve of the Civil War. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Carter Countians rejected secession by a vote of 1,343 to 86.[6] A railroad bridge at Carter's Depot (modern Watauga) was among those targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861.[7]

Early railroad

Carter County was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (The ET&WNC, nicknamed "Tweetsie") until the line ceased operations in 1950.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 348 square miles (900 km2), of which 341 square miles (880 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.8%) is water.[8]

Carter County is situated entirely within the Blue Ridge Mountains, specifically the Unaka Range and the Iron Mountains.[9] Roan Mountain, which at 6,285 feet (1,916 m) is the highest point in Tennessee outside the Great Smoky Mountains, straddles the county's eastern border with North Carolina. The county's boundary with Sullivan County is defined as the ridgeline of Holston Mountain.

Lakes

  • Watauga Lake
  • Wilbur Reservoir (immediately below the TVA Watauga Dam Lat: 36.3408 Lon: -82.1203]
  • Ripshin Lake (6 km southwest of Roan Mountain Lat: 36.1838646 Lon: -82.1356583)[10]

Rivers

Waterfalls

The main waterfall at Blue Hole Falls, located northeast of Elizabethton on Holston Mountain.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

Major highways

Climate

Climate data for Carter County, Tennessee (Bristol-Johnson City)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43.7
(6.5)
48.0
(8.9)
58.9
(14.9)
67.4
(19.7)
75.2
(24)
82.2
(27.9)
84.6
(29.2)
84.1
(28.9)
79.1
(26.2)
69.1
(20.6)
58.2
(14.6)
48.1
(8.9)
66.6
(19.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.0
(1.1)
37.4
(3)
47.2
(8.4)
55.2
(12.9)
63.4
(17.4)
71.1
(21.7)
74.4
(23.6)
73.6
(23.1)
67.9
(19.9)
56.7
(13.7)
47.0
(8.3)
38.2
(3.4)
55.5
(13.1)
Average low °F (°C) 24.3
(−4.3)
26.8
(−2.9)
35.4
(1.9)
43.0
(6.1)
51.6
(10.9)
59.9
(15.5)
64.1
(17.8)
63.1
(17.3)
56.6
(13.7)
44.2
(6.8)
35.9
(2.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
44.4
(6.9)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
3.8
(97)
3.5
(89)
4.3
(109)
3.2
(81)
3.3
(84)
2.6
(66)
2.9
(74)
3.4
(86)
40.7
(1,034)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.2
(13.2)
4.2
(10.7)
2.3
(5.8)
0.4
(1)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
2.6
(6.6)
15.6
(39.6)
Average relative humidity (%) 59.0 71.5 69.0 67.0 69.5 73.0 75.0 76.5 76.5 74.0 68.5 69.5 74.0
Source: Climate-zone.com[11]

Demographics

Age pyramid Carter County[17]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 56,742 people, 23,486 households, and 16,346 families residing in the county.[19] The population density was 166 people per square mile (64/km²). There were 25,920 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.49% White, 1.00% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 23,486 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.90% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.40% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,371, and the median income for a family was $33,825. Males had a median income of $26,394 versus $19,687 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,678. About 12.80% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.00% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Colleges

Communities

Elk Avenue in Elizabethton
U.S. 19E in Roan Mountain

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ Carroll Van West, "Carter County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 22 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Geological Survey Bulletin, no. 258 (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 70.  
  5. ^ Tennessee's First Frontier History, Elizabethton.org. Retrieved: 22 June 2013.
  6. ^ Oliver Perry Temple, East Tennessee and the Civil War (R. Clarke Company, 1899), p. 199.
  7. ^ David Madden, "Unionist Resistance to Confederate Occupation: The Bridge Burners of East Tennessee," East Tennessee Historical Society Publications, Vols. 52-53 (1980-1981), pp. 22-40.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, et al., "Ambient Air Monitoring Plan," Environmental Protection Agency website, 1 July 2010. Accessed: 18 March 2015.
  10. ^ Aerial image from USGS via Microsoft Research Maps
  11. ^ "Bristol - Johnson City". Climate-zone.com. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 2, 2015. 
  17. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  18. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  19. ^ Brown, Emily; DeBarros, Anthony; DeRamus, Kristin; et al. (2011). "Census 2010: Tennessee". USA Today. Retrieved March 17, 2011. 

External links

  • Official site
  • Elizabethton-Carter County Chamber of Commerce
  • Carter County Tomorrow
  • Carter County History.com
  • Carter County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
  • Carter County Landforms
  • Cy Crumley ET&WNC Photo Collection
  • Carter County at DMOZ
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