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Cedar Point

Cedar Point
Slogan "Roller Coaster Capital of the World"
"Ride On"
"America's Rockin Roller Coast"
"Thrills Connect"
Location Sandusky, Ohio, United States
Owner Cedar Fair Entertainment Company
General Manager Jason McClure
Opened 1870
Operating season Early May through early November
Visitors per annum 3,382,000 in 2013[1]
Area 365 acres (0.570 sq mi; 1.48 km2)
Total 72
Roller coasters 16
Water rides 3
Website .com.cedarpointwww
Aerial view of Cedar Point in 2008
Current entrance sign (2005). The background changes depending on the new attraction that year

Cedar Point is a 365-acre (148 ha) amusement park located on a Lake Erie peninsula in Sandusky, Ohio. Opened in 1870, it is the second-oldest operating amusement park in the United States behind Lake Compounce.[2] Cedar Point is owned and operated by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company and is considered the flagship of the amusement park chain.[3] Known as "America's Roller Coast",[4] the park features a world-record 72 rides, including 16 roller coasters which ties it with Canada's Wonderland for the second-most roller coasters in an amusement park behind Six Flags Magic Mountain. Its newest roller coaster, Rougarou, opened in May 2015.[5]

Cedar Point's normal operating season runs from early May until Labor Day, when the park is open daily. The park is then open only on weekends until the beginning of November for HalloWeekends, a Halloween event.[6] Other attractions near the park include a one-mile-long (1.6 km) white-sand beach,[7] an outdoor water park called Soak City, an indoor water park called Castaway Bay, an area known as Challenge Park, two marinas,[8] and several nearby resorts.

The park has reached several milestones. It is the only amusement park in the world with four roller coasters taller than 200 feet (61 m) – Magnum XL-200, Millennium Force, Wicked Twister, and Top Thrill Dragster – and is the only park with roller coasters in all four height classifications. Cedar Point has also received the Golden Ticket Award for "Best Amusement Park in the World" from Amusement Today for 16 consecutive years.[9] As of 2013, the park is the most visited seasonal amusement park in the United States with an estimated 3.38 million visitors in 2013.[1] The park also has several buildings that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


  • History 1
    • Boeckling era 1.1
    • After Boeckling 1.2
    • Dick Kinzel era 1.3
    • Matt Ouimet era 1.4
    • Attraction timeline 1.5
      • Before 1960 1.5.1
      • 1960s and 1970s 1.5.2
      • 1980s and 1990s 1.5.3
      • 2000s and 2010s 1.5.4
  • Present attractions 2
    • Roller coasters 2.1
    • Thrill rides 2.2
    • Family rides 2.3
    • Water rides 2.4
    • Kids' rides 2.5
    • Challenge Park 2.6
      • Attractions 2.6.1
    • Soak City 2.7
  • Live entertainment 3
    • Venues 3.1
    • Shows 3.2
  • Fast Lane 4
  • Awards/rankings 5
    • Awards 5.1
    • Rankings 5.2
      • Steel 5.2.1
      • Wood 5.2.2
    • Attendance 5.3
  • Resorts 6
    • On-site resorts, marina, and campgrounds 6.1
    • Off-site Cedar Point-owned resorts 6.2
  • National Register of Historic Places 7
    • Former 7.1
  • In popular culture 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • Further reading 11
  • External links 12


Cedar Point in the 1890s

In the mid-19th century, the south shore region of Lake Erie was a popular vacation destination for the emerging middle class in the United States. The lake islands, such as Kelleys Island and South Bass Island, were gaining a reputation for their freshwater bathing resorts.[10] The Cedar Point peninsula, named for its abundance of cedar trees, was originally known for its fishing. Local fishermen leased land and built living quarters there.[11] Sandusky, which featured an important shipping harbor and two railroads, transformed into a major economic center over the next three decades.[12] Railroad and steamship travel supported an emerging tourism industry, and rapid development of the area began.[13]

Historic Marker

In the 1860s during the American Civil War, housing for a battery of four field artillery pieces was constructed at the tip of the peninsula. It was used to defend a prison for Confederate soldiers on nearby Johnson's Island. Louis Zistel, a German immigrant, built two boats to transport the prisoners. In 1870, he began to ferry locals to the Cedar Point peninsula, which was regaining popularity as a summer picnic destination. Zistel opened a bathhouse on the north shore of the peninsula and the same year built a beer garden with a small dance floor.[10] He charged 25 cents per person to ride from Sandusky to Cedar Point on his boat, Young Reindeer. This marked the beginning of Cedar Point as an amusement park.[14]

Benjamin F. Dwelle and Captain William Slackford leased land on the peninsula in 1882 and built eight new bathhouses, a dance hall and wooden walkways on the beach.[10] The steamboats R.B. Hayes and Lutts provided transport to Biemiller's Cove and Cedar Point Lighthouse.[14] Building on early success, Dwelle and Slackford continued to expand the park each year and added picnic tables, cleared acres of brush, and built a baseball diamond. In 1888, after Slackford became ill, Dwelle entered a more lucrative partnership with Adam Stoll and Louis Adolph, who owned land at Cedar Point, and investors Charles Baetz and Jacob Kuebeler.[15] The partnership's first venture was constructing a Grand Pavilion, which opened in 1888. It was a two-story theater and concert hall with a bowling alley and photographer's studio. The building was recognized for its unusual architecture, and still stands in the park.[15] The first amusement ride at Cedar Point, a water toboggan ride consisting of a ramp that launched riders into Lake Erie, opened in 1890. Electricity was installed at Cedar Point in 1891.[16] The first roller coaster, Switchback Railway, opened the following year. It stood 25 feet (7.6 m) high and had a top speed of 10 miles per hour (16 km/h). The Switchback Railway was designed as two identical tracks side-by-side – one for the ride down and the other for the train to be hauled back to the top by the ride attendant.[10]

Boeckling era

Hotel Breakers from the lake in 1905

Representatives of the

External links

Further reading

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See also

In the 2006 book "The Warrior Heir" by Cinda Williams Chima, the main characters take a field trip to Cedar Point with their high school class.[110][111] In a 2010 episode of Bert the Conqueror on the Travel Channel, Bert takes the "Foursome Fearsome" roller-coaster challenge in which he rides the four fastest and tallest coasters in the park in under an hour.[112][113] A 2012 episode of Travel Channel's Off Limits takes a look at off-season maintenance at the park and features the host, Don Wildman, working with the maintenance crew on Mean Streak and Millennium Force.[114][115] In 2012, the "Extreme Heights" and "Speed Demons" episodes of Insane Coaster Wars on the Travel Channel feature Cedar Point coasters Millennium Force and Top Thrill Dragster, respectively. Commentary for the series was primarily filmed at Cedar Point.[116][117]

Cedar Point has had a cultural influence on American society as evidenced in many forms of media such as books, television, and film. In the 1940 biographical film Knute Rockne, All American documenting the life of famous Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne, Cedar Point is featured at a pivotal point in the story. In 1913, Knute works as a lifeguard on a beach at Cedar Point, where he and his college roommate Gus Dorais worked on the forward pass. The concept, which was first used in a scrimmage game at Cedar Point, would revolutionize the sport and the film would later be preserved in the Library of Congress National Film Registry.[107][108] In 2004, an independently-produced film, Close Encounters of the Fourth Kind: Infestation From Mars, was shot at several historic locations around Sandusky including Cedar Point. Dick Kinzel, CEO of Cedar Point at the time, had a brief speaking role in the film.[109]

In popular culture

Cedar Point's oldest hotel is the Hotel Breakers. It opened in 1905 during the "golden age" of resort hotels. It was added to the NRHP on March 9, 1987. After several major alterations, most notably the Breakers Tower in 1998, the National Park Service removed the Hotel Breakers from the NRHP on August 7, 2001.[106]


Cedar Point used to have a fourth carousel located in Frontiertown, next to the Wave Swinger. It was known as the Frontier Carousel or William H. Dentzel 1921 Carousel. It opened at Cedar Point in 1972 when it was bought from a family in Lansing, Michigan. It was listed on the NRHP on November 8, 1990.[105] After the 1994 season, the carousel closed and was moved to Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, where it operates under the name Antique Carousel. Its building is currently used for the HalloWeekends attraction, Eternity Infirmary.

All three of Cedar Point's carousels are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Midway Carousel, otherwise known as the Daniel C. Muller Carousel, is located at the front of the park. It opened in 1912 and was brought to Cedar Point in 1946. A Sandusky family purchased the ride and operated it at the park. It became property of Cedar Point in 1963. It is Cedar Point's oldest operating ride and was added to the NRHP on October 20, 1982.[63][70] The second carousel at the park is the Cedar Downs Racing Derby, also known as the Great American Racing Derby. It originally opened at Euclid Beach Park in 1921 and was transported to Cedar Point for the 1967 season.[64] It is only one of two racing carousels still operating in the United States,[63] and was added to the NRHP on November 8, 1990.[65] The third carousel is the Kiddy Kingdom Carousel, located in Kiddy Kingdom. It is also known as William H. Dentzel 1924 Carousel and opened at Cedar Point in 1968. It was added to the NRHP on November 8, 1990.[69]

Cedar Downs Racing Derby

Cedar Point features several historic buildings on the peninsula. Many of the buildings and structures on the peninsula are from the late 1800s or early 1900s. The oldest structure on the peninsula is the Cedar Point Light. It is a restored lighthouse that was built in 1862 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on July 19, 1984.[102] Located along the main midway is the Coliseum. The Coliseum was built in 1906 with the newly expanded Midway. It has a ballroom known for holding several dances that helped Cedar Point out of The Depression. It was added to the NRHP on October 2, 1982.[103] Another building that is listed on the NRHP is the U.S. Coast Guard Building located along Perimeter Road that stretches around the peninsula.[104]

The Coliseum during HalloWeekends in 2012

National Register of Historic Places

Breakers Express, a sister resort to the Hotel Breakers, is located one mile (1.6 km) from Cedar Point and is the closest hotel to the peninsula. It opened in 2000 and includes 350 guest rooms. Breakers Express has an outdoor heated pool, outdoor whirlpool spa, game room, and Wi-Fi in guest rooms.[101]

Castaway Bay is an indoor waterpark resort opened by Cedar Fair in November 2004. It has over 38,000 feet (12,000 m) of water slides, shops, and a wave pool. There are 237 guest rooms and luxury suites. Castaway Bay has five restaurants, including a Quaker Steak and Lube. Castaway Bay is also the location of Castaway Bay Marina the second marina owned by Cedar Point. It is smaller than the Cedar point Marina and located on Pipe Creek a tributary of the Sandusky Bay. The marina mainly hosts seasonal dockers but can also accommodate transient boaters. Boaters at Castaway Bay Marina receive the same benefits as those at the Cedar Point Marina.

Off-site Cedar Point-owned resorts

The Cedar Point Marina is located on the Sandusky Bay side of the peninsula, directly adjacent to the Amusement Park. The marina is one of 2 operated by Cedar Point. It is also one of the largest on Lake Erie with docks, able to accommodate vessels up to 100 ft, for both seasonal and transient boaters. The Marina has fuel docks with holding tank pumpout, a small marina store, dedicated restroom and shower facilities, laundry facilities, and a marina only pool . There are 2 restaurants located at the marina, Famous Daves Bar-B-Que, and Bay Harbor Inn (an upscale seafood restaurant). Seasonal dockers receive various perks with their docks including 2 Platinum Season Passes, a visitors parking pass, and various extra discounts. Seasonal and transient boaters can access the park through the Marina Gate and also receive the same perks as at the other resorts including early entry and discount tickets. The marina is the base for the ILYA affiliated Point Yacht Club, and home port for most of the members. The marina season roughly parallels the parks operating season and is open from early May through late October/ Early November.

Camper Village is the only place at Cedar Point where it is possible to hook up an RV to water and electricity. Camper Village sites range from deluxe sites with electricity, water, sewer and cable to 112 electric-only sites. The Camper Village has the Camper Village Store, an outdoor pool, a shuffleboard court, a game room, a shuttle service on Cedar Point Peninsula, a dump station and laundry facilities.[100]

Lighthouse Point contains 64 cottages and 40 cabins and is located along the west bank of the peninsula. The centerpiece of Lighthouse Point is the Cedar Point Lighthouse, which was built in 1862 and is the oldest existing structure on the peninsula. It has an outdoor pool and outdoor whirlpool spa, a shuffleboard court, a game room, and shuttle service.[99]

Sandcastle Suites is a hotel at the northernmost part of the peninsula that contains 187 suites. It has Wi-Fi in the lobby and guest suites, an outdoor heated pool and whirlpool, beach access, tennis courts, a shuttle to both Cedar Point and Soak City, and two restaurants ‒ the Breakwater Cafe and the Sand Bar.[98]

Hotel Breakers, the oldest resort at Cedar Point, was built in 1905. The hotel has 650 rooms and suites and is the closest resort to Cedar Point and Soak City. In 1997, Hotel Breakers was renovated and expanded, doubling its size. Hotel Breakers has standard hotel rooms, suites with views of Lake Erie, Snoopy-themed rooms and Wi-Fi in the lobby, rotunda and conference center. It has two pools, beach access, a conference center, and five restaurants including T.G.I. Friday's and Perkins Restaurant and Bakery.[97]

View of the Cedar Point Beach with Wicked Twister and the Extreme Sports Stadium in the foreground.

On-site resorts, marina, and campgrounds

On December 2, 2012, Cedar Point announced that it would invest $60 million in its hotel resorts over three years, starting in the 2013–2014 offseason. No additional rooms will be added to any of the hotels.[47][96]

Cedar Point owns and operates six resorts located either on park grounds or less than a mile away.[95] Most of the resorts are within walking distance of the Cedar Point Beach. All facilities are non-smoking, and all Cedar Point Resort guests can enter the park one hour before it opens to the general public. Rides that operate during this early-entry session are: GateKeeper, Rougarou, Iron Dragon, Maverick, Midway Carrousel, Millennium Force, Ocean Motion, Raptor, and Planet Snoopy Children's Area.[95]


1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
3.30[84] 3.43[85] 3.10[86] 3.25[87] 3.30[88] 3.20[88] 3.10[88] 3.07[88] 3.12[88] 3.20[89] 2.94[90] 3.05[91] 3.14[92] 3.22[93] 3.38[94] 3.25[1]

In 1960, the park's attendance reached 1 million for the first time. Just five years later, the attendance reached 2 million.[16][83] In 1975, attendance reached 3 million for the first time.[83] The park's attendance has yet to reach 4 million.

The park was the 15th most visited amusement park in North America in 2013. It was also the most visited seasonal amusement park in the United States with an estimated 3.38 million visitors.[1]




Cedar Point's roller coasters are commonly ranked high in the Golden Ticket Awards. In the 2013 rankings, GateKeeper debuted at 28th, making it the first time ever that the park had six steel roller coasters in the top 50. The following steel and wooden coasters were ranked by Amusement Today in 2014:[9]

Maverick, added in 2007. It received the "Best New Ride of 2007" award


Cedar Point won the Golden Ticket Award from Amusement Today for "Best Amusement Park in the World" for 16 consecutive years from 1997-2013.[9] The park has also placed in categories for "Friendliest Park Staff" (2002, 2004 - 2006), "Cleanest Park" (2004, 2005), "Best Capacity" (1998 - 2002), "Best Kid's Area" (2004, 2013), "Best Outdoor Night Production" (2004 - 2007), "Best Shows" (2004, 2005), "Best Games Area" (2002), "Best Souvenirs" (2002), and "Best Halloween Event" (2005 - 2008, 2013, 2014). The park also won the Golden Ticket Award for "Best New Ride of 2007" with the roller coaster Maverick.[81] Cedar Point has also won several IAAPA awards, including the Applause Award in 1996.[82]



Fast Lane, introduced at Cedar Point in 2012, is a secondary queue system that offers shorter wait times on the park's most popular rides.[79] In addition to the standard admission charge, visitors can bypass the standard wait line by purchasing a wrist band that grants access to the Fast Lane queue. A limited number of wrist bands are sold each day. The two options available for purchase are "Fast Lane" and "Fast Lane Plus". The standard Fast Lane offers access to 24 attractions, while Fast Lane Plus covers the same rides and adds Top Thrill Dragster, GateKeeper, Maverick and Rougarou.[80]

Fast Lane

  • Rockin’ Country is a country music and dancing show begun in 2014 in the Red Garter Saloon.
  • All Wheels Extreme is a stunt show in the Extreme Sports Stadium. It features bikers and gymnasts who flip, dive and perform stunts. It was introduced in 2008.
  • Bandstand USA is a musical medley of tributes featuring a handful of Motown classics. NEW for 2015![77]
  • Beach Band is brass and percussion band that travels around the park playing pop, rock and other genres.
  • Charlie Brown's Funtime Frolics takes place in the Camp Snoopy Theatre.
  • Snoopy Unleashed is an ice-skating show begun in 2014 in the Good Time Theatre.
  • Jamming DJ's are DJ's who take requests from people waiting in line for the Millennium Force daily and for the Raptor on weekends during the summer.
  • Luminosity – Ignite the Night! is a dance, fireworks, and pyrotechnics show performed nightly that began in 2012 on the Celebration Plaza stage.
  • On Broadway, Showstoppers from the New York Stage a show based on Broadway and takes place in the Jack Aldrich Theatre.
  • Peanuts' Celebration at the Point' is a Peanuts show performed at 5 pm daily on the Celebration Plaza stage.
  • Snoopy's Sing-A-Long is a singing and dancing show in the Camp Snoopy Theatre.
  • Toes in the Sand Band is a band that plays outside of the Hotel Breakers on the beach. NEW for 2015![78]
  • Lusty Lil’s Revue is a show in the Palace Theater that debuted in 2014.

All shows are about 25 minutes.[76]

Luminosity – Ignite the Night!


  • The Extreme Sports Stadium is a stunt stadium situated between WindSeeker and Wicked Twister. It was known as the Oceana Stadium from 1980–1998 and The Aquatic Stadium from 1999–2007.
  • The Celebration Plaza Stage is in Celebration Plaza in front of the Iron Dragon. It was built for the 2012 season as part of Luminosity – Ignite the Night! and replaced a giant screen used for Hot Summer Lights.
  • The Red Garter Saloon is a stage located on the Frontier Trail.
  • The Palace Theater is next to the Last Chance Saloon in Frontiertown.
  • The Camp Snoopy Theatre is a small stage in Camp Snoopy.
  • The Jack Aldrich Theatre formerly called the Centennial Theatre is a stage located between Midway Carousel and the Skyride.
Extreme Sports Stadium in July 2015.


Live entertainment

Opened in 1988, Soak City is Cedar Point's water park. It is adjacent to Cedar Point and requires separate admission. Guests must get their hands stamped to re-enter Cedar Point.[73]

Soak City

Attraction Picture Opened Manufacturer Description
Challenge Golf 1992 Unknown Two miniature golf courses
Challenge Racing 1992 Unknown Two go kart tracks consisting of the Sprint track and the larger Grand Prix track.
RipCord 1996 Skycoaster, Inc. A Skycoaster ride with a height of 150 feet (46 m) and a speed of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h). Riders must be 48" to ride.
SkyScraper 2008 Fabbri Group A Booster type ride. The ride is 2 minutes long and rotates its riders at a max speed of 55 miles per hour (89 km/h) at a max height of 160 feet (49 m).[75] The ride was previously located at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom and Valleyfair.
All rides and attractions require an extra fee.


On January 14, 2002, one of the three towers of the VertiGo ride in Challenge Park, which had been opened four months before, collapsed. No one was in the park and only minimal damage was reported. The ride was demolished later that year.[74]

Challenge Park, located between Cedar Point and Soak City, was opened in 1992. Its attractions require extra payment over the Cedar Point admission charge.[72] Guests must get their hand stamped to re-enter Cedar Point.[73]

Overview of Challenge Park with RipCord on the left, SkyScraper on the right and Soak City in the background.

Challenge Park

Name Height Requirement Rating[55]
Balloon Race Over 42" or with adult 2
Camp Bus Over 42" 2
Charlie Brown's Wind Up Over 42" or with adult 2
Peanuts 500 Over 42" or with adult 2
Red Baron Between 36" and 54" 2
Snoopy Bounce Between 36" and 54" 2
Wilderness Run Over 36", under 54" with adult 2
Woodstock Express Over 48" or with adult 4
Woodstock’s Airmail Between 36" and 54" 2

Camp Snoopy opened in 1999 and is located near the entrance to Dinosaurs Alive!. It contains six rides and two kiddie coasters.

Name Height Requirement Rating[55]
Flying Ace Balloon Race Over 42" or with adult 2
Joe Cool's Dodgem School Between 35" and 53" 2
Kite Eating Tree Between 36" and 54" 2
Peanuts Road Rally Over 42" or with adult 1
Snoopy's Deep Sea Divers Over 42" 2
Snoopy's Space Race Between 36" and 54" 2
Snoopy's Express Railroad Over 36" or with adult 1
Woodstock's Whirlybirds Over 42" 2
and contains eight rides. WindSeeker It is located near [40] park.Geauga Lake is Cedar Point's newest children's area. All of its rides come from the defunct Planet SnoopyOpened in 2008,
Name Height Requirement Rating[55]
4x4's None 2
Dune Buggies Under 54" 1
Helicopters Under 54" 2
Motorcycles Between 39" and 54" 1
Mustangs Under 54" 1
Police Cars Under 54" 1
Rock Spin & Turn Under 54" 2
Roto Whip Under 54" 2
Sky Fighters Under 54" 2
Space Age Under 54" 2

Kiddy Kingdom opened in 1970 as Kiddieland but was renamed in 1993.[16] It is located near the first aid station and maXair. It contains 10 rides.

Peanuts 500 in the Camp Snoopy section of the park
Snoopy Bounce located between Camp Snoopy and the Gemini Midway
Snoopy's Space Race in the Planet Snoopy section of the park
A 1924 William H. Dentzel Carousel located in Kiddy Kingdom

Kids' rides

Ride Picture Opened Manufacturer Description Thrill rating[55]
Shoot the Rapids 2010 Intamin A log flume ride. It features two drops, one is 85 feet (26 m) and the other is 49 feet (15 m), and two splashdowns. The ride also features waterfalls, rock work, and water bombs. 5
Snake River Falls 1993 Arrow Dynamics A Shoot-the-Chute ride. It opened as the tallest and fastest water ride in the world with a drop of 80 feet (24 m).[22] 5
Thunder Canyon 1986 Intamin A river rafting ride. Thunder Canyon normally closes in early September and is transformed into a HalloWeekends attraction called CornStalkers. 4
[71]Cedar Point has three water rides, excluding the rides in Soak City.

Water rides

Ride Picture Year opened Manufacturer Description Thrill rating[55]
Antique Cars 1969 Arrow Dynamics An automobile track ride with cars that resemble an early Cadillac car. It is one of two track rides in the park. 3
Cadillac Cars 1958 Arrow Dynamics A second track ride with cars designed to look like a 1910 Cadillac. 3
Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad 1963 Engines: A 15-minute, 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge[66] train excursion encompasses a two-mile (3 km) trip along Lake Erie and through a western themed "Bone Town".[67] There is one station located near Iron Dragon and another station located near Mean Streak and Maverick. 1
Giant Wheel 1972[14] Anton Schwarzkopf A giant Ferris wheel. At 136 feet (41.5 m) tall, it is one of the tallest wheels in North America.[68] 2
Kiddy Kingdom Carousel 1968 William H. Dentzel firm A classic carousel ride. It is located in the Kiddy Kingdom section of the park and is listed on the NRHP.[69] 1
Lake Erie Eagles 2014 Larson International A flying eagles ride with eight carriages that each have a paddle, enabling guests to change the movement of their carriage. 3
Midway Carousel 1946 Daniel Muller A classic carousel ride. One of the few remaining Daniel Muller Carousels, it was built in 1912 and moved to Cedar Point 1946. It is the oldest operating ride at Cedar Point and is listed on the NRHP.[70] 1
Sky Ride 1962 Von Roll A standard gondola lift ride. It transports passengers from the front of the park to a station near Celebration Plaza. The cars used are from the defunct Frontier Lift. 3
Tilt-a-Whirl 1999 Sellner A standard Tilt-A-Whirl ride. It is the only ride located in Camp Snoopy that is not themed to Snoopy. 3
Cedar Point has 9 family rides.

Family rides

Ride Picture Year opened Manufacturer Description Thrill rating[55]
Cedar Downs
Racing Derby
1967 Prior and Church A racing horses carousel type ride. It is only one of two of its kind still operating in the United States.[63] Originally from Euclid Beach Park on the east side of Cleveland and called the "Great American Racing Derby".[64] Cedar Downs was manufactured in 1920 by Prior and Church and sold to Cedar Point in 1965. It is listed on the NRHP.[65] 3
Dodgem 1970 Soli of Italy A classic bumper cars attraction. 4
Matterhorn 1972 Mack Rides A matterhorn circular ride that swings riders as it moves in a clockwise motion while traveling up and down. 3
maXair 2005 HUSS Park Attractions A Giant Frisbee ride, it is only one of two Giant Frisbees made by HUSS in the world. 5
Monster 1970 Eyerly Aircraft Company A standard monster ride. 3
Ocean Motion 1981 HUSS Park Attractions A swinging pirate ship ride that reaches a height of 65 feet (20 m). 3
Pipe Scream 2014 Zamperla A Disk'O ride where a single car travels along a 302-foot (92 m) long, U-shaped track, reaching a height of 43 feet (13 m). 4
Power Tower 1998 S&S Worldwide A combo drop tower ride featuring both a Space Shot and a Turbo Drop. Power Tower is the only four-towered drop tower ride in the world, devoting two towers to each drop cycle. 5
Scrambler 1960 Eli Bridge Company A twist ride that is one of the oldest rides operating at Cedar Point. 3
Skyhawk 2006 S&S Worldwide A Screamin' Swing ride, which is currently the world's largest swinging ride. 5
SlingShot 2014 Funtime A 236 feet (72 m) tall Sling Shot ride that launches riders up 360 feet (110 m) at speeds up to 62 miles per hour (100 km/h). SlingShot is an additional charge attraction. 5
Super Himalaya 1970 Mack Rides A circular Musik Express ride that travels in a clockwise motion on a track of various elevations. 3
Tiki Twirl 1970 Mack Rides A spinning ride that spins riders in two degrees of motion. Previously named Calypso. 3
Troika 1976 HUSS Park Attractions A Troika ride in which riders reach a height of 25 feet (7.6 m). 3
Wave Swinger 1979 Zierer A wave swinger ride featuring hand painted murals. Riders reach a height of 16 feet (4.9 m). 3
WindSeeker 2011 Mondial A Wind Seeker tower swinger ride. It was one of the first of its kind. 4
Witches' Wheel 1977 HUSS Park Attractions An Enterprise ride. It turns riders upside down more than a dozen times, 60 feet (18 m) above the ground. 4
[62]Cedar Point has 17 thrill rides. The newest is SlingShot, introduced in 2014.

Thrill rides

Coaster Picture Opened Manufacturer Description Thrill
Blue Streak 1964 Philadelphia Toboggan Coasters A wooden roller coaster. It is the oldest operating roller coaster at Cedar Point. 4
Cedar Creek Mine Ride 1969 Arrow Dynamics A steel mine train Hybrid roller coaster. 4
Corkscrew 1976 Arrow Dynamics A steel roller coaster that spans the midway. It was the first coaster with 3 inversions and the first coaster to span a midway when it first opened. 5
GateKeeper 2013 Bolliger & Mabillard A steel wing coaster that travels from the beach through the main gate. It is the highest and longest Wing Coaster as well as having the highest inversion on any roller coaster in the world.[56] 5
Gemini 1978 Arrow Dynamics A wooden racing Hybrid roller coaster. It was marketed as the tallest, fastest and longest when it opened. 5
Iron Dragon 1987 Arrow Dynamics A steel suspended roller coaster. supports were painted yellow for the 2004 season. 4
Magnum XL-200 1989 Arrow Dynamics A steel hyper roller coaster. It was the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world when it opened.[16] 5
Maverick 2007 Intamin A steel launched roller coaster. With its 95-degree drop, it is the steepest roller coaster in the park. 5
Mean Streak 1991 Dinn Corporation A wooden roller coaster. It was the tallest and fastest wooden roller coaster in the world when it opened.[57] 5
Millennium Force 2000 Intamin A steel giga roller coaster. It set several records when it opened such as the tallest, fastest and steepest roller coaster in the world.[58] 5
Raptor 1994 Bolliger & Mabillard A steel inverted roller coaster. It was the tallest, fastest and longest inverted roller coaster in the world when it opened. It was also the first inverted roller coaster with a cobra roll and custom layout.[30] 5
Rougarou 1996 Bolliger & Mabillard A steel floorless coaster previously known as Mantis, which was the tallest, fastest and steepest stand-up roller coaster in the world when it opened in 1996. Rougarou opens in 2015 as a renovated version of Mantis featuring new trains, new colors, and a new theme.[59][60] 5
Top Thrill Dragster 2003 Intamin A steel strata accelerator roller coaster. It was the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world when it opened.[35] 5
Wicked Twister 2002 Intamin A steel inverted impulse roller coaster. It is currently the tallest and fastest inverted coaster in the world. 5
Wilderness Run 1979 Intamin A steel children's roller coaster, previously known as Jr. Gemini until 2014. It was the first roller coaster manufactured by Intamin.[61] Entrance was moved to Camp Snoopy and renamed Wilderness Run in 2014.[49] 2
Woodstock Express 1999 Vekoma A steel junior roller coaster. It is located within Camp Snoopy. 4

Cedar Point has 16 roller coasters, which is the second-most in the world. A new roller coaster, Valravn, will bring the total to 17 and is scheduled to open in 2016.

Roller coasters

Thrill rating[55] (out of 5)
  1 (low)   2 (mild)   3 (moderate)   4 (high)   5 (aggressive)

Present attractions


  • 2000: Millennium Force and Breakers Express open; Giant Wheel relocated to make room for Millennium Force
  • 2001: Lighthouse Point opens; The Aquarium closes; VertiGo is open 4 months before being demolished, Dodgem No.1 closes
  • 2002: Wicked Twister opens; "Snoopy Rocks! On Ice" ice skating show. The Cedar Point Cinema is converted into the Good Time Theatre; Schwabinchen closes
  • 2003: Top Thrill Dragster opens; Swan Boats close; Troika and Chaos are relocated to make room for Top Thrill Dragster; Troika and WildCat repainted
  • 2004: $10 million in capital improvements with expansions at Lighthouse Point luxury camping complex; Splash City added to Soak City; Iron Dragon repainted
  • 2005: maXair opens; White Water Landing closes; Magnum XL-200 repainted
  • 2006: Skyhawk opens; Hot Summer Lights nighttime show
  • 2007: Maverick opens; Peanuts Playground closes
  • 2008: Planet Snoopy and SkyScraper open; The Aquatic Stadium is renamed Extreme Sports Stadium with new show, All Wheels Extreme
  • 2009: Starlight Experience opens; Demon Drop closes
  • 2010: Shoot the Rapids opens; Chaos closes
  • 2011: WindSeeker opens; Ocean Motion relocated to the former Demon Drop site to make room for WindSeeker; Paddlewheel Excursions and WildCat close, Speed Slides in Soak City close; Millennium Force repainted
  • 2012: Dinosaurs Alive! opens; Dragster H2O added to Soak City; Fast Lane; Iron Dragon midway renamed Celebration Plaza with new show, Luminosity – Ignite the Night!; Disaster Transport and Space Spiral close
  • 2013: GateKeeper opens; New entrance plaza; Bumper Boats close
  • 2014: Pipe Scream, Lake Erie Eagles, and SlingShot open; Frog Hopper renamed Woodstock's Airmail and relocated to Camp Snoopy; Jr. Gemini entrance moved to Camp Snoopy and renamed Wilderness Run; Mantis, Turnpike Cars, Sir Rub-a-Dubs Tubs and Good Time Theatre close
  • 2015: Rougarou opens; Hotel Breakers renovation completed; Calypso renamed Tiki Twirl and relocated; Dodgem relocated; Turnpike Cars and Sir Rub-a-Dub's Tubs removed; Good Time Theater removed; New restraints for Maverick
  • 2016: Valravn opens; Raptor and Top Thrill Dragster repainted
Top Thrill Dragster, added in 2003

2000s and 2010s

  • 1980: Oceana Dolphin stadium opens; Sky Wheel closes; The ride first moved to make room for the first ride
  • 1981: Ocean Motion opens; Sky Wheel, Funhouse and Shoot-the-Rapids close
  • 1982: White Water Landing and Kid Arthur's Court open
  • 1983: Demon Drop opens
  • 1984: Tiki Twirl, Rotor, Bayern Curve and Earthquake close
  • 1985: Avalanche Run and Berenstain Bear Country indoor complex opens, Frontier Lift closes; WildCat, Matterhorn and Super Himalaya moved to make room for Avalanche Run; Schwabinchen relocated near Ocean Motion
  • 1986: Thunder Canyon opens; Sir Rub-A-Dub's Tubs added to Kiddy Kingdom
  • 1987: Iron Dragon opens; Monster is relocated to make room for Iron Dragon; Western Cruise station is moved and renamed Paddlewheel Excursions to make room for Iron Dragon
  • 1988: Soak City waterpark opens
  • 1989: Magnum XL-200 opens
  • 1990: Sandcastle Suites; Main Stream and Tadpole Town added to Soak City; Trabant closes; Avalanche Run is transformed into Disaster Transport
  • 1991: Mean Streak opens; Sky Slide closes
  • 1992: Challenge Park opens; Outdoor complex added to Berenstain Bear Country
  • 1993: Snake River Falls opens; Mill Race closes
  • 1994: Raptor opens; Jungle Larry's African Safari closes; Calypso and Midway Carousel relocated to make room for Raptor; Turnpike Cars reduced to make room for Raptor; Christmas in the Park is held for the first and last time
  • 1995: Zoom Flume, Renegade River and Choo-Choo Lagoon added to Soak City; Breakers East is added to Hotel Breakers; Laser Light Show
  • 1996: Mantis and Ripcord open; Pirate Ride closes
  • 1997: Chaos opens; Soak city expansion; HalloWeekends introduced for the first time
  • 1998: Power Tower opens; Bumper Boats relocated from Kiddy Kingdom to Gemini Midway
  • 1999: Camp Snoopy opens; Breakers Tower is added to Hotel Breakers; Super Himalaya is relocated to make room for Camp Snoopy; Oceana Dolphin stadium is renamed The Aquatic Stadium with new show, Splash!; Kid Arthur's Court closes
HalloWeekends introduced in 1997
Demon Drop, added in 1983 and closed in 2009

1980s and 1990s

  • 1960: Scrambler opens
  • 1961: Sky wheel, Rotor, and Star Voyager (formerly called Super Jets) open
  • 1962: Sky Ride and Scamper opens
  • 1963: Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad and Mill Race open; Wild Mouse closes
  • 1964: Blue Streak, and Paddlewheel Excursions (formerly called Western Cruise) open
  • 1965: Space Spiral, Earthquake, and Jungle Larry's African Safari open
  • 1966: Pirate Ride, Trabant, and Upside Down Funhouse opens
  • 1967: Cedar Downs Racing Derby, Second Rotor, Sealand Marine exhibit, Shoot-the-Rapids, and Frontiertown open; Super Coaster closes
  • 1968: Frontier Lift, Kiddieland Carousel and Sky Slide open
  • 1969: Cedar Creek Mine Ride, Antique Cars, and the Town Hall Museum open; Scamper closes
  • 1970: WildCat, Bayern Kurve, Dodgem No. 2, Monster, Schwabinchen, Calypso, Super Himilaya, Centennial Theatre, Kiddy Kingdom, and Tiki Twirl open
  • 1971: Frontier Trail and Camper Village RV Campground open; Zugspitze closes
  • 1972: Frontiertown Carousel, Jumbo Jet, Giant Wheel and Matterhorn open
  • 1975: The Cedar Point Cinema opens
  • 1976: Corkscrew and Troika open
  • 1977: Witches' Wheel opens
  • 1978: Gemini opens; Jumbo Jet closes
  • 1979: Jr. Gemini and Wave Swinger open
Jumbo Jet, added in 1972 and closed in 1978
Cedar Creek Mine Ride, added in 1969

1960s and 1970s

  • 1870: Cedar Point opens
  • 1892: Switchback Railway opens
  • 1899: Bay Shore Hotel opens
  • 1902: Figure-Eight Roller Toboggan opens
  • 1905: Hotel Breakers opens
  • 1907: Switchback Railway closes
  • 1908: Dip the Dips Scenic Railway opens
  • 1910: Racer opens
  • 1912: Leap the Dips opens
  • 1917: Dip the Dips Scenic Railway closes
  • 1918: High Frolics opens
  • 1925: Noah's Ark opens
  • 1928: Racer closes
  • 1929: Cyclone opens
  • 1934: Tumble Bug opens
  • 1935: Leap the Dips closes
  • 1940: High Frolics closes
  • 1946: Midway Carrousel opens
  • 1951: Cyclone closes
  • 1952: Super Coaster opens
  • 1955: Fascination opens
  • 1957: The Cedar Point Causeway opens
  • 1958: Cadillac Cars open
  • 1959: Monorail, Turnpike Cars, and Wild Mouse opens; Noah's Ark closes; Construction is completed on the Cedar Point Marina
Midway Carrousel, added in 1946, is currently located at the front of the park
Switchback Railway, first roller coaster at Cedar Point

Before 1960

Attraction timeline

In 2014, Cedar Point added two new family attractions called Pipe Scream and Lake Erie Eagles and also added a thrill ride, SlingShot. Many improvements were also made to Camp Snoopy and the Gemini Midway, including relocating and retheming a few rides.[49][50]

On July 13, 2012, Cedar Point announced the removal of Disaster Transport and Space Spiral.[46] Exactly a month later, Cedar Point announced GateKeeper, the longest wing coaster in the world, which opened on May 11, 2013. Along with GateKeeper, a new main entrance plaza was constructed, replacing the entrance that was built in the 1960s. It features two 100-foot (30 m)-tall support columns that the trains go through.[5] Cedar Point is investing $60 million in its hotel resorts over three years, starting in the 2013–2014 offseason.[47] At the end of the 2013 season, John Hildebrandt retired as the park's general manager and was replaced by Jason McClure, the former VP and GM of Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom.[48]

In 2012, Cedar Point added Dinosaurs Alive!, a walk-through exhibit featuring approximately 50 life-size animatronic dinosaurs. It is located on Adventure Island and replaced the Paddlewheel Excursions boat cruise ride.[44] A six-lane mat racer slide complex called Dragster H2O was added to Soak City. The slides around Dragster H2O were repainted and the Speed Slides were dismantled to make room for Dragster H2O. Cedar Point also introduced Fast Lane, their version of a fast-pass system, and a new nighttime show, Luminosity – Ignite the Night!. Cedar Point also removed WildCat for the 2012 season to make room for Luminosity.[45] This was the first time since 1978 that a roller coaster was removed from Cedar Point.[27]

On June 20, 2011, Cedar Fair announced that Dick Kinzel would retire on January 3, 2012, and Matt Ouimet would become the CEO of the company. Ouimet was employed by The Walt Disney Company for 17 years, served as president of Disney Cruise Line and the Disneyland Resort.[43]

Cedar Point's renovated entrance for 2013, featuring GateKeeper flying over head

Matt Ouimet era

Cedar Point built the first giga coaster, Millennium Force, in 2000. When it debuted, it was the tallest and fastest complete circuit coaster in the world, reaching speeds of 93 miles per hour (150 km/h) and heights of 310 ft (94 m).[33] In 2002, Wicked Twister opened as the first second-generation Intamin inverted impulse roller coaster. Today, Wicked Twister is the tallest (215 ft) and fastest 72 miles per hour (116 km/h) inverted impulse roller coaster in the world.[34] Top Thrill Dragster debuted as the first strata coaster in 2003 and was the tallest, 420 ft (130 m), and fastest, 120 miles per hour (190 km/h), roller coaster in the world. It is currently second-tallest in the world.[35] maXair debuted in 2005 as only the second HUSS Giant Frisbee ride in the United States.[36] Dan Keller also retired as Vice President and general manager. He was replaced by John Hildebrandt, who was the VP and GM of Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom since May 2004.[37] In 2006, Skyhawk was built next to Snake River Falls, it is currently the tallest Screamin' Swing in the world.[38] In the 2007 season, Cedar Point built Maverick, which features a 100-foot (30 m) drop at a 95-degree angle and includes an LSM launch in the middle of the ride reaching speeds of 70 miles per hour (110 km/h).[39] In 2008, Cedar Point introduced Planet Snoopy, a kids' area constructed on the site of Peanuts Playground; it consists of family and children's rides relocated from Cedar Point's sister park Geauga Lake after it closed. The area also consists of a "Kids Only" restaurant called Joe Cool Cafe, which has a small menu for adults.[40] Starlight Experience, a night-time LED light extravaganza with floats themed to the four seasons, debuted in 2009. This $1,000,000 attraction takes place on the Frontier Trail nightly beginning at twilight. In order to prepare for Starlight Experience, the Frontier Trail closes for approximately 30 minutes before the event.[41] In 2010, Cedar Point added a new flume ride on the park's Frontier Trail named Shoot the Rapids, which includes two drops and a three-minute journey through a rustic western environment. WindSeeker, a 301-foot (92 m) tall tower that spins riders along the shoreline of Lake Erie, was introduced in 2011. WindSeeker did not open on time due to construction delays and opened to the public on June 14, 2011.[42]

Millennium Force, added in 2000, is Cedar Point's signature roller coaster

Snake River Falls was constructed in 1993 because of the popularity of Soak City. The 82-foot (25 m)-tall structure sends riders plunging down at 40 miles per hour (64 km/h). At the bottom of the hill, the ride ends with a splash landing in which the boat creates a large wave, splashing spectators on an overlooking bridge. When it opened, it was the tallest and fastest water ride in the world.[22] In 1994, Cedar Point installed Raptor. The Mill Race log flume was removed from the park, and the circular Calypso was relocated to make room for Raptor, the first inverted roller coaster to feature a Cobra Roll.[30] In December 1994, the park held Christmas in the Park for the first and last time. The Midway Carousel was open, and a horse-drawn carriage gave behind-the-scenes tours of the park, and the midway held many Christmas festivals, including a Christmas tree.[16] In 1996, Cedar Point opened Mantis, then the tallest, steepest, and fastest stand-up roller coaster in the world.[16] The original name for Mantis was "Banshee", but many people thought it was offensive and the name was changed.[31] In 1997, the park added HalloWeekends, a Halloween event with haunted houses and mazes during the Halloween season. Camp Snoopy debuted in 1999; it features eight Snoopy-themed attractions, with the exception of a Tilt-a-Whirl. The area also features a junior roller coaster built by Vekoma, Woodstock Express.[32]

Several new rides and roller coasters opened at Cedar Point since 1989 have been record-breakers. Magnum XL-200 debuted in 1989, breaking the world height and speed records. It was the first roller coaster to exceed a height of 200 feet (61 m) and speeds over 70 miles per hour (110 km/h) and was the first hypercoaster in the world.[22] For the 1990 season, Avalanche Run was transformed into Disaster Transport, the ride was fully enclosed and special effects were added.[22] In recent years the special effects and theming were removed, leaving the ride almost completely dark. Mean Streak opened in 1991 as the northernmost attraction in the park. It broke records for the fastest and tallest wooden roller coaster in the world, reaching speeds of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) and a height of 161 feet (49 m).[16][22] Challenge Park was built between Hotel Breakers and Soak City in 1992. Challenge Park includes a go kart car race track and two eighteen-hole mini-golf courses.[22]

In 1986, Robert L. Munger Jr, the President and CEO of Cedar Fair, stepped down due to health issues, and was replaced by Richard "Dick" Kinzel.[29] Thunder Canyon, a river rafting ride manufactured by Intamin, also opened in 1986. In 1987, Iron Dragon, a suspended roller coaster, debuted on the Million Dollar Midway near the Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad station. In 1988, Soak City, Cedar Point's outdoor water park, was constructed near Hotel Breakers. It features speed slides, more than 10 body and tube slides, a family raft ride, a water playhouse and two lazy rivers.[22]

View of the Sky Ride from the main midway with Power Tower and Top Thrill Dragster

Dick Kinzel era

In 1970, the Centennial Theatre, named in honor of Cedar Point's 100th anniversary, was built. 1972 brought Giant Wheel and the now-defunct Jumbo Jet coaster which was noted for being the fastest around. In 1975, Robert L. Munger Jr. took over as president of Cedar Point after Roose retired. The record-breaking Corkscrew roller coaster was built in 1976; it was the first roller coaster to span a midway and have three inversions. Gemini opened in 1978 and was advertised as the tallest, fastest and steepest roller coaster in the world.[28] A kiddie coaster, named Jr. Gemini, opened the following year across from the original version. White Water Landing opened in 1982, replacing the original Shoot the Rapids log flume. In 1983, Demon Drop was built at the front of the park. Avalanche Run opened in 1985 close to the beach, and would later be re-themed as Disaster Transport.[19] That same year, the San Francisco Earthquake Ride was transformed into the Berenstain Bear Country.[22]

In the 1960s, the idea of "pay one price" season passes became common.[11] On March 28, 1960, Cedar Point announced plans to transform the park into a "Disneyland" amusement center.[24] Those plans fell through, however. Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad opened in 1963, transporting passengers from the middle of the park to the back. In 1964, Cedar Point built its oldest surviving roller coaster, the Blue Streak. It was named after the local high school's sports teams, the Sandusky Blue Streaks.[25] Jungle Larry's Safari Island was a well-known attraction that operated from 1965 until 1994 despite the death of Jungle Larry in 1984.[26] The Cedar Creek Mine Ride opened in 1969; it is currently the second oldest roller coaster at Cedar Point.[27]

In the 1950s, the Pagoda Gift Shop was a post-office and the Crystal Rock Castle was turned into a maintenance shop in the late-1950s. In 1959, the hotels were repainted, new admission gates were installed, and over $1,200,000 was spent to refresh Cedar Point. The park's first roller coaster since the Cyclone, the Wild Mouse, was built. The resort also got a new kind of ride, a monorail that was the most popular ride in 1959. Breakers Hotel was restored, and the neglected cottages were demolished. The Coliseum and Grand Pavilion were both painted and remodeled. The Crystal Rock Castle Maintenance Shop, bathhouses, and the old powerhouse were demolished, and a new $50,000 bathhouse, boiler house, and maintenance shop were built in their place.[16][19]

Blue Streak, built in 1964, is Cedar Point's oldest operating roller coaster

By the end of World War II, Cedar Point was in need of financial help. The wood of the Cyclone roller coaster was rotting, the boardwalk was cracked in many places, and the fishing dock was in need of repair. In 1946, Cedar Point's oldest still-existing ride, the Midway Carousel, was installed. By 1951, the Cyclone coaster was razed because of its poor condition, leaving the resort without a roller coaster. While the Cyclone was departing, the Laff-in-the-Dark, Rocket Ships, and Loop-A-Plane were newly installed. Cedar Point Causeway was built in 1957, and is still in use. The president of Cedar Point, Bernie Zeiher, was replaced by George Roose around 1958, and Emile Legros was elected chairman that same year.[16][19]

Edward Smith took over Cedar Point's management after the death of Boeckling. Little expansion happened through the 1930s; one of the few rides built in that period was the Tumble Bug. The decaying Leap the Dips coaster was demolished in the mid-1930s. In the late 1930s, the resort was on the brink of being sold to the state of Ohio for $3,000,000. After the 1938 season, the directors had the second floor of the Coliseum modernized in the art deco style with a new stage. In the middle, the giant dance floor remained. Some of the top bands of the time played in the ballroom. As a result, it kept Cedar Point operating through the rest of the Depression.[22] Momma Berardi's Home Made French Fries came to Cedar Point, Momma Berardi's family played an important role in the food industry at Cedar Point. Momma Berardi's fries were sold there from 1942 until 1978, winning four Reader's Choice Awards.[23]

Former Cedar Point logo, used from 1981 until 1994

After Boeckling

Many more hotels and restaurants were constructed in the remaining years of Boeckling's tenure, including Hotel Cedars, White House Hotel, Crystal Rock Castle, and Crystal Gardens Ballroom. The Cyclone, a rickety and rough coaster, was built in 1926. Cedar Point continued to update its ride attractions, replacing the Racer, the Circle Swing, and many other rides to make way for a Shoot-the-Chutes water ride, a Tilt-A-Whirl, and fun houses such as Noah's Ark and Bluebeard's Palace. Boeckling's health began to deteriorate in the late 1920s. In 1931, Boeckling became confined to a wheelchair, but he continued to oversee park operations, and was pushed around Cedar Point by an employee or relative. His condition worsened, however, and he eventually had to remain indoors. Boeckling died on July 24, 1931 from Uremia. His portrait in the lobby of Breakers Hotel was draped in black. Flags in the resort and on the G.A. Boeckling steamboat were lowered to half mast.[22]

In 1908, the Dip the Dips Scenic Railway roller coaster opened but was soon overshadowed in 1912 by the larger Leap the Dips ride. In 1917, Dip the Dips was razed and replaced by the Leap Frog Scenic Railway. With three roller coasters and a growing variety of other rides, Cedar Point was beginning to grow as an amusement park, though that was not Boeckling's priority. He marketed the peninsula primarily as a bathing resort complete with shows, exhibits, motion pictures, and other forms of entertainment, but did not emphasize the park's rides.[21]

Leap the Dips, circa 1920s

The second roller coaster at Cedar Point, the Figure-Eight Roller Toboggan, debuted in 1902. It was moved several years later and renamed The Racer.[19][20] A pony track was built near the beach the same year. Mosquitos were becoming a problem, so in 1904, the park hired the Detroit Dredging Company to drain swampy areas on the peninsula. Detroit Dredging connected a series of lagoons to form a water passageway that quickly became one of the park's signature attractions. Aside from sightseeing passenger boats, the passageway was used to transport coal to power plants near the center of the peninsula.[10] The historic Hotel Breakers opened in 1905 as one of the largest hotels in the Midwest; it had 600 guest rooms and a cafe that could seat 400 guests. A new area of the park called "Amusement Circle" was designed in 1906 to link the pier to the beach. It was located southeast of the Coliseum, a large arena built the same year that featured a grand ballroom and other attractions.[14]


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