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Charles-Émile Reynaud

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Title: Charles-Émile Reynaud  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1892 in film, Pauvre Pierrot, 19th century in film, Théâtre Optique, Raynaud
Collection: 1844 Births, 1918 Deaths, Articles Containing Video Clips, Cinema Pioneers, French Animators, French Inventors
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Charles-Émile Reynaud

Charles-Émile Reynaud
Born (1844-12-08)8 December 1844
Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis, France
Died 9 January 1918(1918-01-09) (aged 73)
Ivry-sur-Seine, Seine (now Val-de-Marne), France
Occupation Science teacher, inventor

Charles-Émile Reynaud (8 December 1844 – 9 January 1918) was a French inventor, responsible for the first projected animated cartoons. Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888, and on 28 October 1892 he projected the first animated film in public, Pauvre Pierrot, at the Musée Grévin in Paris. This is also notable as the first known instance of film perforations being used.

Ryanaud's late years were tragic after 1910 when, his creations outmoded by the

Reynaud and his Théâtre Optique in 1892


  • Filmography 1
    • Some of his first creations (1877–1879) 1.1
    • Series 1 1.2
    • Series 2 1.3
    • Series 3 1.4
  • His inventions 2
    • Books and references 2.1
  • External links 3


Some of his first creations (1877–1879)

A work by Reynaud

Series 1

  • L'Aquarium
  • Le Jongleur
  • L'Équilibriste
  • Le Repas des Poulets
  • Les Bulles de Savon
  • Le Rotisseur
  • La Danse sur la Corde
  • Les Chiens Savants
  • Le Jeu de Corde
  • Zim, Boum, Boum
Poster for the Théâtre Optique

Series 2

  • Les Scieurs de Long
  • Le Jeu du Volant
  • Le Moulin à Eau
  • Le Déjeuner de Bébé
  • La Rosace Magique
  • Les Papillons
  • Le Trapèze
  • La Nageuse
  • Le Singe Musicien
    A basic projecting praxinoscope, 1882, superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
  • La Glissade

Series 3

  • La Charmeuse
  • La Balançoire
  • L'Hercule
  • Les Deux Espiègles
  • Le Fumeur
  • Le Jeu de grâces
  • L'Amazone
  • Le Steeple-chase
  • Les Petits valseurs
  • Les Clowns

The film frames were not photographed, but painted directly onto the transparent strip. In 1900, more than 500,000 people saw his shows.

Stereoscopic praxinoscope, 1908

His inventions

Books and references

  • Dominique Auzel, Émile Reynaud et l'image s'anima biographie d'Émile Reynaud
    • éditions du May (1992), ISBN 2-906450-72-3 (photos en couleurs)
    • And at Dreamland éditeur (2000), ISBN 2-910027-37-6 (photos en noir et blanc)

External links

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