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Charles Friedel

Charles Friedel
Charles Friedel
Born 12 March 1832
Strasbourg, France
Died 20 April 1899(1899-04-20) (aged 67)
Montauban, France
Residence France
Nationality French
Fields Mineralogy
Institutions Sorbonne
Alma mater University of Strasbourg
Notable students André-Louis Debierne[1]
Known for Friedel–Crafts reaction
Notable awards Davy Medal (1880)

Charles Friedel (French: ; 12 March 1832 – 20 April 1899) was a French chemist and mineralogist. A native of Strasbourg, France, he was a student of Louis Pasteur at the Sorbonne. In 1876, he became a professor of chemistry and mineralogy at the Sorbonne.

Friedel developed the Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions with James Crafts in 1877,[2][3] and attempted to make synthetic diamonds.

His son Georges Friedel (1865–1933) also became a renowned mineralogist.


  • Lineage 1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4


  • Friedel's wife's father was the engineer, Charles Combes.[4] The Friedel family, is a rich lineage of French scientists:
    • Georges Friedel (1865–1933), French crystallographer and mineralogist; son of Charles
    • Edmond Friedel (1895–1972), French Polytechnician and mining engineer, founder of BRGM, the French geological survey; son of Georges
    • Jacques Friedel (1921–2014), French physicist; son of Edmond (fr)


  1. ^ Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 2nd Revised edition
  2. ^ Friedel, C.; Crafts, J.-M. (1877). "Sur une nouvelle méthode générale de synthèse d'hydrocarbures, d'acétones, etc.". Compt. Rend. 84: 1392–1395. 
  3. ^ Friedel, C.; Crafts, J.-M. (1877). "Sur une nouvelle méthode générale de synthèse d'hydrocarbures, d'acétones, etc.". Compt. Rend. 84: 1450–1454. 
  4. ^ Charles Combes,, accessed April 2010

Further reading

  • Bataille, Xavier; Braum, Georges (1998). "La découverte de la réaction de Friedel et Crafts". Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences – Series IIC – Chemistry 1 (4): 293–296.  
  • Crafts, J. M. (1900). "Friedel Memorial Lecture". Journal of the Chemical Society (The Society) 77: 993–1019.  
  • Willemart, Antoine (1949). "Charles Friedel (1832–1899)". Journal of Chemical Education 26: 3–9.  

External links

  • Charles Friedel

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