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Chase County, Kansas

Chase County, Kansas
Chase County Courthouse in Cottonwood Falls
Map of Kansas highlighting Chase County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 11, 1859
Named for Salmon P. Chase
Seat Cottonwood Falls
Largest city Cottonwood Falls
Area
 • Total 778 sq mi (2,015 km2)
 • Land 773 sq mi (2,002 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 2,790
 • Density 3.6/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .orgchasecountychamber

Chase County (county code CS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,790.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Cottonwood Falls.[2]

The county has been the subject of a book, PrairyErth (A Deep Map) by William Least Heat-Moon. In 1931, Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne died in a plane crash a few miles southwest of Bazaar, in Chase County, Kansas. In 1996, the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve was established in the county. The center of population of Kansas is located in Chase County, about four miles north of Strong City.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • 19th century 1.2
    • Historical markers 1.3
    • Historical maps 1.4
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
    • Major highways 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated places 6.2
    • Ghost towns 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • In popular culture 7
  • NRHP sites 8
  • See also 9
  • Further reading 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century

1893 Railroad Map.

In 1806, Zebulon Pike led the Pike expedition westward from St Louis, Missouri, of which part of their journey followed the Cottonwood River through modern Chase County.[3]

In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory.

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.[4] In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway.

The south-western border one mile "notch" into Marion County was established under unusual circumstances. A murder had occurred and Marion County didn't want to have the trial, so a section one mile wide and eighteen miles long was ceded to Chase County to ensure the murder had occurred there.[5] The one mile strip of land remains in Chase County to this day.

Historical markers

  • A Landmark of Distinction - The Chase County Courthouse
  • Chase County & The Bluestem Pasture Region of Kansas
  • The Bluestem Pasture Region of Kansas
  • W. B. Strong Memorial Railroad Park

Historical maps

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 778 square miles (2,020 km2), of which 773 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6]

Chase County is centrally located in the eastern half of the state in the Flint Hills geologic region. It's located in the Neosho River drainage basin.[7]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[8] U.S. Census Bureau[9]

  • Interstate 35 All of I-35 in Chase County is part of the Kansas Turnpike and inaccessible to the general public from within the county. The closest access points are via U.S. Route 50 in Emporia or Kansas Highway 177 in Cassoday. There is a private interchange located southeast of Bazaar for loading cattle. The overpass names the interchange the "Bazaar Cattle Crossing."[10]
  • U.S. Route 50
  • K-150
  • K-177

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[16] there were 3,030 people, 1,246 households, and 817 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,529 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.90% White, 1.02% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.75% of the population.

There were 1,246 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.40% were non-families. 31.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,656, and the median income for a family was $39,848. Males had a median income of $27,402 versus $21,528 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,422. About 4.10% of families and 8.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1988, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[17]

Education

Unified school districts

District Office In Neighboring County

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Chase County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated places

Ghost towns

Townships

Chase County is divided into nine townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Bazaar 04700 81 0 (1) 293 (113) 0 (0) 0.17%
Cedar 11225 116 1 (2) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0.22%
Cottonwood 15875 184 1 (2) 209 (81) 0 (0) 0.23%
Diamond Creek 17975 237 1 (2) 373 (144) 1 (0) 0.24%
Falls 22850 Cottonwood Falls 1,163 9 (23) 131 (51) 1 (0) 0.42%
Homestead 32950 52 0 (1) 141 (54) 0 (0) 0.27%
Matfield 45125 155 0 (1) 316 (122) 1 (0) 0.29%
Strong 68600 Strong City 740 4 (11) 172 (67) 0 (0) 0.24%
Toledo 70775 302 1 (3) 233 (90) 1 (0) 0.44%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

In popular culture

Made famous by William Least Heat-Moon's epic book PrairyErth: A Deep Map (1991).

NRHP sites

The following sites in Chase County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also

Further reading

Chase County
  • Plat Book of Chase County, Kansas; North West Publishing Co; 39 pages; 1901.
  • William Least Heat-Moon. PrairyErth (A Deep Map). Mariner Books; Reissue edition (February 15, 1999).  
Kansas
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook), (Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ 1806 Pike Expedition map through Marion County.
  4. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  5. ^ Kansas State Historical Society - Marion County
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  7. ^  "Chase".  
  8. ^ National Atlas
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  10. ^ Google Maps Street View
  11. ^ The census population cited for 1860 includes Otoe county which was annexed before 1870. In 1860, the census population was 808 for Chase and 238 for Otoe.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  17. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

External links

County
  • Chase County - Chamber of Commerce
  • Chase County - Directory of Public Officials
  • Chase County - Chamber of Commerce
  • Chase County - Information, Skyways
Historical
  • Chase County GenWeb
  • Poster from Chase County Agricultural Fair from October 7-9, 1891
Maps
  • Chase County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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