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Chayal

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Title: Chayal  
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Chayal

Kayalpatnam
Kayalpattinam, Korkai
city
Kayalpatnam
Kayalpatnam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639Coordinates: 8°33′59″N 78°6′59″E / 8.56639°N 78.11639°E / 8.56639; 78.11639

Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thoothukudi(formerly V.O.C.)
Government
 • Body Kayalpattinum Municipality
Area
 • Total 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 32,664
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 628204
Telephone code 4639
Vehicle registration TN 69
Nearest city Thoothukudi
Sex ratio 1000:1177 /
Literacy 88.67%
Lok Sabha constituency Thoothukudi
Formarly with Tiruchendur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Tiruchendur
Civic agency Kayalpattinum Municipality
Climate Humid (Köppen)
Website

Kayalpatnam (also known as Kayalpattinam or Korkai) is a town in the Tuticorin district of Tamil Nadu, India. Kayal is referred to in Marco Polo's travel diaries dating to 1250 AD. Korkai or Kayal (Chayal) was an ancient port dating to the 1st centuries of the common era and was contemporaneous to the existence of Kollam, another Pandyan port. Kollam served the Pandyas on the west coast while Korkai/Kayal served them on the east coast connecting them to Ceylon and the pearl fisheries in the Gulf of Mannar facing the Tirunelveli Coast. Kayal has Muslim settlements dating from 7th century AD but Marco Polo's reference to the tomb of Thomas and the Christian communities would indicate Syrian Christian communities in the region prior to that era. The ancient port had connections with Egypt, Rome and Greece. The other ports on the Coromandel Coast were Kaveripumpattinam (Poompuhar) and Arikamedu (near Pondicherry). On the west coast, the ancient ports were Kollam and Kodungallur and Barugachha (Broach) in Gujarat.[1][dubious ]

References

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