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Cherokee County, Kansas

 

Cherokee County, Kansas

Cherokee County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Cherokee County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 18, 1860
Named for Cherokee people
Seat Columbus
Largest city Baxter Springs
Area
 • Total 591 sq mi (1,531 km2)
 • Land 588 sq mi (1,523 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 21,603
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .comcherokeecountyks

Cherokee County (county code CK) is a county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 21,603.[1] Its county seat is Columbus,[2] and its most populous city is Baxter Springs.

The communities of Baxter Springs, Columbus, Galena, and Riverton are located in the Ozarks of Kansas.

Contents

  • Law and government 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
    • Unified school districts 4.1
  • Communities 5
    • Cities 5.1
    • Census-designated places 5.2
    • Unincorporated communities 5.3
    • Ghost town 5.4
    • Townships 5.5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Law and government

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Cherokee County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2012 [3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 588 square miles (1,520 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.6%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

Demographics

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 22,605 people, 8,875 households, and 6,239 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 10,031 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.27% White, 0.61% Black or African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 8,875 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.70% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,505, and the median income for a family was $37,284. Males had a median income of $29,045 versus $19,675 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,710. About 11.40% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Cherokee USD 247 (Web site) is a 300-square-mile (780 km2) school district primarily covering portions of Crawford and Cherokee counties, but also includes small portions of Labette and Neosho counties. It serves over 800 students in grades Pre-K through 12. Southeast High School (the "Lancers") is located just west of the city of Cherokee (where the district office is located). In Cherokee County the district serves the cities of Weir and West Mineral.[13]
  • Riverton USD 404 (Web site)
  • Columbus USD 493 (Web site)
  • Galena USD 499 (Web site)
  • Baxter Springs USD 508 (Web site)

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Cherokee County (map legend)

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

  • Treece, it was officially disincorporated in 2012 by the State of Kansas.[17][18]

Townships

Cherokee County is divided into fourteen townships. The cities of Baxter Springs, Columbus, Galena, Scammon, and Weir are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cherokee 12800 336 6 (15) 57 (22) 0 (0) 0.08%
Crawford 16225 646 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.24%
Garden 25250 3,039 41 (105) 75 (29) 2 (1) 2.80%
Lola 42350 382 3 (9) 115 (44) 1 (0) 0.50%
Lowell 43075 672 20 (52) 33 (13) 1 (0) 3.04%
Lyon 43400 528 4 (11) 130 (50) 0 (0) 0.08%
Mineral 47000 254 3 (8) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.15%
Neosho 49725 306 2 (5) 157 (61) 2 (1) 1.08%
Pleasant View 56675 658 5 (13) 136 (52) 0 (0) 0.14%
Ross 61350 893 6 (17) 140 (54) 1 (0) 0.71%
Salamanca 62575 569 6 (17) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.07%
Shawnee 64475 505 6 (15) 90 (35) 1 (0) 0.61%
Sheridan 64625 249 1 (4) 172 (67) 1 (1) 0.79%
Spring Valley 67725 1,007 8 (21) 122 (47) 0 (0) 0.36%
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties" (PDF). Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ National Atlas
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  13. ^ Burns, Tim (September 19, 2005). "Welcome To USD #247". Cherokee, USD 247. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  14. ^ a b Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 493.  
  15. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 275.  
  16. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 245.  
  17. ^ a b Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 494.  
  18. ^ Former residents say goodbye to contaminated town of Treece; The Wichita Eagle; September 27, 2012.

Further reading

County
  • History of Cherokee County, Kansas; Nathanial Allison; Biographical Publishing; 646 pages; 1904. (Download 31MB PDF eBook)
Kansas
  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

  • Cherokee County
  • Blue Skyways
  • Kansas Statistical Abstract
  • "Mined Lands" video
Maps
  • Cherokee County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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