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Cheshire County, New Hampshire

Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Cheshire County Courthouse in Keene
Seal of Cheshire County, New Hampshire
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Cheshire County
Location in the state of New Hampshire
Map of the United States highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location in the U.S.
Founded 1769
Named for Cheshire
Seat Keene
Largest city Keene
 • Total 729 sq mi (1,888 km2)
 • Land 707 sq mi (1,831 km2)
 • Water 22 sq mi (57 km2), 3.1%
 • (2010) 77,117
 • Density 109/sq mi (42/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .us.nh.cheshireco

Cheshire County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,117.[1] Its county seat is Keene.[2] Cheshire was one of the five original counties of New Hampshire, and is named for the county of Cheshire in England. It was organized in 1771 at Keene.

Cheshire County comprises the Keene, NH Micropolitan Statistical Area.


  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent counties 1.1
    • Geographical landmarks 1.2
  • Demographics 2
  • Politics 3
  • Communities 4
    • City 4.1
    • Towns 4.2
    • Census-designated places 4.3
    • Villages 4.4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 729 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 707 square miles (1,830 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (3.1%) is water.[3] The highest point in Cheshire county is Mount Monadnock, in the northwestern part of Jaffrey, at 3,165 feet (965 m).

Adjacent counties

Geographical landmarks


As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 73,825 people, 28,299 households, and 18,790 families residing in the county. The population density was 104 people per square mile (40/km²). There were 31,876 housing units at an average density of 45 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.75% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of English, 13.1% French, 12.7% Irish, 9.3% American, 8.7% French Canadian, 6.7% Italian and 6.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.5% spoke English, 1.4% French and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 28,299 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.30% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,382, and the median income for a family was $51,043. Males had a median income of $33,821 versus $25,328 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,685. About 4.40% of families and 8.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.


Presidential election results[10]
Year Democratic Republican
2012 61.4% 25,372 36.6% 15,148
2008 63.0% 26,971 35.5% 15,205
2004 59.1% 24,438 39.8% 16,463
2000 52.1% 17,382 41.3% 13,793




Census-designated places


See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  10. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links

  • Official Cheshire County web site
  • Cheshire information pages at the University of New Hampshire
  • National Register of Historic Places listing for Cheshire County
  • Keene Pumpkin Festival

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