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Chhapar Mela

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Title: Chhapar Mela  
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Subject: Ludhiana district, Punjabi folk religion, Teeyan, Basant Kite Festival (Punjab), Teej
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Chhapar Mela

Guga Ji
Guga Ji

Chhapar Mela is celebrated in the village of Chhapar in the district of Ludhiana, Punjab, India every year in September.[1] This mela (fair), held in the memory of Gugga Pir,[2] is one of the most popular and spectacular festivals of the Malwa belt of Punjab.[3]

People mainly worship the snake embodiment of Gugga at this fair. The fair falls on the fourth day of the month of Bhadas every year. It is believed that, the Chhapar Fair was started around 150 years ago by a small congregation of devotees. In recent years the number of people attending the fair has risen to millions.[4]

The Minor Chhapar Mela is also held at the same place. The special trend of scooping the land (seven times) is also practised in this fair. People consider digging of land will bring Gugga Pir to protect them against snakes. The fair is full of music, fun and dance. The fair has emerged as a grand festival in the past few decades.[5]

The legend narrates the story of a boy and a snake born together in an agricultural family of Chhapar village. The serpent and the boy were so intimate that if one suffered a pain the other used to cry. One day the mother of the child went to the fields after laying him on a cot. To save him from the scorching sun, the snake stretched its hood over him. Thinking that the snake was going to bite the child, a passerby killed it with a stick. The child died immediately after the death of the snake and the family was left in sorrow. The family was advised by the elders to perform religious ceremonies to worship Gugga and Sidh and a he-goat was left free to mark the place of worship by striking at a particular place. The place was recognised as Mari Gugga where people from all walks of life have been worshipping Gugga on the fourth day of the month of Bhadas every year. The farmers of the Malwa belt recognise the fair to the extent that they change the agricultural chores according to the dates of the mela.

People also narrate another story regarding the second fair known as Minor Chhapar Mela. At the beginning of the 20th century, the maharaja was said to have banned the mela because of a complaint by some farmers. But soon after the ruler banned the event, his horses started dying mysteriously and the misfortune stopped only after the ruler announced plans to organise the Minor Mela following the major one.

According to another story, a faqir once anchored a twig after cleaning his teeth. A local person uprooted the twig in fun. The faqir then cursed the people of the local area so that the place would witness a heavy camp here, which would be followed by a deserted look.


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